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close this book4th Report on the World Nutrition Situation - Nutrition throughout the Life Cycle (ACC/SCN, 2000, 138 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE ON COORDINATION/SUB-COMMITTEE ON NUTRITION - (ACC/SCN) THE UN SYSTEM’S FORUM FOR NUTRITION
View the documentINTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE
View the documentFOREWORD
View the documentHIGHLIGHTS
View the documentCONTRIBUTORS
View the documentACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
View the documentLIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
View the documentPREFACE
close this folderCHAPTER 1: NUTRITION THROUGHOUT THE LIFE CYCLE
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View the document1.1 Intrauterine Growth Retardation (IUGR)
View the document1.2 Undernutrition in Preschool Children
View the document1.3 The Growth of School-Age Children
View the document1.4 Adolescent Nutrition
View the document1.5 Adult Malnutrition
View the document1.6 Nutrition of Older People in Developing Countries
View the documentSummary
close this folderCHAPTER 2: MICRONUTRIENT UPDATE
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View the document2.1 Iron Deficiency Update
View the document2.2 Iodine Deficiency Disorders Update
View the document2.3 Vitamin A Deficiency Update
View the document2.4 Multiple Micronutrient Deficiencies
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close this folderCHAPTER 3: BREASTFEEDING AND COMPLEMENTARY FEEDING
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View the document3.1 Evidence Linking Breastfeeding to Improved Outcomes
View the document3.2 Evidence Linking Complementary Feeding to Improved Outcomes
View the document3.3 Conceptualizing Infant Feeding Behaviours
View the document3.4 HIV and Infant Feeding
View the document3.5 Breastfeeding and Complementary Feeding Patterns and Trends
View the document3.6 Role of National and International Initiatives in Support of Optimal Infant Feeding
View the document3.7 Looking Forward: The Importance of Exclusive Breastfeeding
close this folderCHAPTER 4: NUTRITION AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
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View the document4.1 The Relevance of Nutrition for Development
View the document4.2 The Implications of Some Global Phenomena for Nutrition
View the document4.3 The Ascent of Human Rights in Development
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close this folderCHAPTER 5: NUTRITION OF REFUGEES AND DISPLACED POPULATIONS
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View the document5.1 Trends in Numbers of People Affected
View the document5.2 Overview of the Humanitarian Response to Emergencies
View the document5.3 Trends in Assessment Methodologies
View the document5.4 Trends in Food and Nutrition Response Programmes
View the document5.5 Trends in Information Sharing and Learning
View the document5.6 Case Studies: The Scale and Severity of Nutritional Problems among Refugees and Displaced Populations
View the document5.7 Future Directions
View the documentSummary
close this folderAPPENDICES
View the documentAppendix 1: Conceptualizing Nutrition Problems in Society
View the documentAppendix 2: Countries in the UN Regions and Sub-Regions
View the documentAppendix 3: Methods to Estimate Trends in Undernutrition Prevalence: A Review
View the documentAppendix 4: Statistical Notes for Sections 1.1, 1.2, and 1.3
View the documentAppendix 5: Latest National Prevalence of Stunting and Underweight in Preschool Children
View the documentAppendix 6: Explaining Trends in Child Underweight in the Developing World
View the documentAppendix 7: Data Employed for Analysis of Child Underweight Rates in Sub-Saharan Africa
View the documentAppendix 8: Prevalence and Numbers of Overweight Preschool Children in 1995
View the documentAppendix 9: Countries Classified by WHO Regions
View the documentAppendix 10: National Implementation of the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes
View the documentAppendix 11: Summary of Five Studies of the Social Impacts of the Indonesian Crisis
View the documentAppendix 12: Some Food and Nutrition Information and Data Resources on the Internet
View the documentREFERENCES
View the documentBACK COVER

5.5 Trends in Information Sharing and Learning

Several recent trends in information sharing and learning between agencies that are of particular relevance to the nutrition of refugees and displaced populations are discussed in this section, including

· the coordination of activities within the nutrition sector of emergencies (including the inter-agency group on emergency nutrition);

· the coordination of information;

· the coordination and prioritization of research activities.

Interagency Learning

During the early to mid-1990s a loose and informal network of nutritional experts from various agencies was formed. This “interagency group on emergency nutrition” was largely coordinated by UNHCR. The group was set up to allow opportunities for networking, sharing, and exchanging information and to move away from the concept of owning knowledge. More recently, there has been further consolidation of the food and nutrition sectors, involving information sharing and exchange through a number of key agencies, independent consultants, and academic representatives. There has been a general shift of emphasis to the factors underlying food security approaches that is broadening into a more mature public nutrition and food security outlook involving more agencies and other non-nutritionists such as economists and public health specialists.

The meetings convened by the group have contributed to improvements in applying standard procedures and protocols,k and the development of a collective process of institutional learning. Some key developments and advances in the field of nutrition in emergencies can be traced to these meetings.8

k For example, the standard procedures for estimating the prevalence of acute malnutrition in a population, and the protocols for rehabilitation of the malnourished.48

Information Systems

The past few years have seen a significant increase in the amount of information concerning emergency nutrition from various sources available to nutritionists and the general public alike. Recent developments include

· The establishment of the Health Information Network for Advanced Planning (HINAP).l HINAP is a joint project between WHO’S Department of Emergency and Humanitarian Action (EHA) and CDC. HINAP provides structured health information on communicable diseases, immunization, mortality, and nutrition organized by country. HINAP targets potential risk areas around the world for mass population movements. The information provided is regularly updated in the event of an emergency so that programmes can be altered in light of changing circumstances. It relies on experts in the field of early warning to identify target countries and collaborates closely with other international agencies.

l HINAP information is distributed at www.hinap.org/. Further information on listservers, CD-ROMS, and hard-copy bulletins will also be available shortly.

· The establishment of the e-mail discussion network “NGONUT,” which has prompted lively discussions on a range of topics, including the rehabilitation of the severely undernourished, the management of nutritional oedema, prevention and treatment of anaemia, and the assessment of nutritional status in adolescents.

· The establishment of the Emergency Nutrition Network’s quarterly newsletter, Field Exchange, publishes articles, from the field and current research and evaluation findings relevant to the emergency food and nutrition sector (see www.tcd.ie/ENN).

· The increased dissemination of programme information by various NGOs, UN aid agencies, and bilateral organizations. During the Balkans region emergency many organizations, including, for example, WFP, ACF, and USAID, published monthly, weekly, or daily updates on the web concerning their activities in the region.

Applied Health and Nutrition Research in Emergencies

Particular progress has been made in coordinating and prioritizing applied health and nutrition research needs in emergencies. During the past two years, the Department of Emergency and Humanitarian Action of WHO has led a process to formalize applied health and nutrition research to improve the quality of humanitarian interventions. WHO recently published an inventory of applied health research studies in emergency settings, which included 52 studies related to nutrition.38 The same department has also published the results of a consultation called Applied Health Research Priorities in Complex Emergencies.50