Cover Image
close this bookABC of Women Workers' Rights and Gender Equality (ILO, 2000, 124 p.)
close this folderJ, K
View the documentJob description
View the documentJob evaluation and classification
View the documentKnowledge

Job description

A job description lists the essential features of a job, describing the tasks and functions included and the qualifications required for performance.

The job description should be written following an established format and evaluated according to a common standard. This format should, for example, contain elements such as job title, type of supervision received and given, relationships, description of the principal functions and the time required by each function, as well as qualifications such as the education, experience and abilities required.

® see also Equal remuneration (pay)

Job evaluation and classification

Job evaluation and classification is a system of comparing different jobs to provide a basis for a grading and a pay structure. The idea is to evaluate the job and not the person who is doing the job. Non-discriminatory job evaluation should lead to a payment system within which work of equal value receives equal pay regardless of sex.

The purpose of job evaluation is to establish the value of jobs in a hierarchy, notably for the purpose of devising an appropriate pay structure. The process involves evaluating one job in relation to others by means of a weighting system for the various elements of the jobs compared.

Job classification is a set of categories used to classify jobs in a particular enterprise or organization. In a job classification scheme, individual jobs are graded by reference to benchmark jobs and grade descriptions.

® see also Equal remuneration (pay) and Job description


Information on equal opportunities and non-discriminatory practices in different countries and systems can be obtained through the ILO's knowledge base.

The ILO's International Training Centre in Turin has developed a hypertext version of the Women Workers' Rights Information Kit on CD-ROM. The English prototype version is already available and may be requested from: Women in Development Programme, International Training Centre of the ILO, Viale Maestri del Lavoro 10, 10127 Turin, Italy (Fax: +39 011 6936 350; E-mail:

Access to further relevant data is provided on the Internet: the ILO's gender website (; research and activities undertaken by the International Institute for Labour Studies (; and databases on legal issues (, in particular ILOLEX containing ILO Conventions and Recommendations and NATLEX containing national labour legislation.