Cover Image
close this bookParticipatory Methods in Community-based Coastal Resource Management - Volume 1 - Introductory Papers (IIRR, 1998)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentFunding partners
View the documentCollaborating organizations
View the documentMembers of the management team and steering committee
View the documentAcknowledgement
close this folderIntroduction
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentThe first booklet
View the documentThe second booklet
View the documentThe third booklet
View the documentA distillation of practical field experiences
close this folderHow this sourcebook was produced
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentWorkshop objectives
View the documentWorkshop process
close this folderCoastal communities living with complexity and crisis in search for control
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentCoastal communities
View the documentComplexity
View the documentCrisis
View the documentWho owns this sea?
View the documentCoastal resource management
View the documentCommunity-based coastal resource management
close this folderCommunity-based coastal resource management
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPrinciples of CBCRM
View the documentComponents of CBCRM
View the documentThe CBCRM cycle
View the documentReferences
close this folderCommunity organizing and development process
View the documentDefinition
View the documentPurpose
View the documentThe community organizer
View the documentTime frame
View the documentCommonly-used approach
close this folderParticipation and participatory methods
View the documentWhat is participation?
View the documentWhy participation?
View the documentDegrees of participation
View the documentObstacles to participation
View the documentParticipatory methods and other research methods
View the documentReferences
close this folderGeneral guidelines for using participatory tools
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentGuidelines for facilitating groups
View the documentWhile working with a community...
View the documentGlossary
View the documentWorkshop participants
View the documentWorkshop staff

Community-based coastal resource management

Community-based coastal resource management (CBCRM) is a process of involving local communities in managing the coastal resources upon which they depend. As more and more users of resources are directly included in management decisions and the scale of responsibility becomes local, the "ownership" of responsibility increases and the compliance to rules increases.

CBCRM is a movement to address the problems through more local control of resource management. As CBCRM becomes more sophisticated, it addresses the issues of coastal communities in a more holistic way. CBCRM is a conscious effort for the "community" to have control.

A perspective of sustainable livelihoods rather than a more restricted "alternative livelihoods" approach encompasses social, cultural and political dimensions impacting peoples' well-being in addition to those which are considered economic and environmental. If people are to take responsibility for management, the benefits have to be obvious, real, equitable and not result in unacceptable trade-offs. A holistic assessment is essential. Most of the degraded ecosystems can be recovered. Control of use and abuse will bring back the productive potential of the coastal zone, and coastal communities, with care and concern, can improve their well-being and that of their children.

The sea has sustained people for a long, long time.
We have mistreated this gift.
It no longer provides what it could.
If we treat it well, the sea will respond and coastal communities may live "sustainably" again.

Prepared by Gary F. Newkirk