|Special Public Works Programmes - SPWP - Planting Trees - An Illustrated Technical Guide and Training Manual (ILO - UNDP, 1993, 190 p.)|
|7. Planting trees outside woodlots and forests|
The household compound and public places (school yards etc.) are important areas for tree planting. Trees often add to the comfort, beauty and utility of the place.
It is practical to have trees around the house where they can be protected and tended with ease. Most people are more likely to benefit from a few trees planted in their home garden than from central woodlots or forest plantations. In many countries it is the women who are responsible for homesteads. Trees planted around the homestead might therefore directly benefit the women, a group which is often difficult to reach through tree planting projects.
The choice of species for homesteads and public places must be made by the people who will live in and use the areas. However, fruit trees and multipurpose trees are often preferred. Trees with noxious odours or irritating pollen (for example, the Croton species) should be avoided.
Homesteads and public places
Tended with care
Common mistakes in planting trees outside forests
Ownership, duties and rights not clearly defined.
Advantages and harvest are expected too fast. Farmers get disappointed and stop caring for the trees. Expectations must be set realistically.
Suitable species, such as fruit trees and agroforestry trees, are not available from nurseries.
As regards leasing of land:
Contracts are too complicated.
The legal framework is not clear.