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close this bookBetter Farming Series 14 - Farming with Animal Power (FAO - INADES, 1977, 57 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPreface
View the documentIntroduction
close this folderChoosing and preparing fields
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentSize and shape of fields
View the documentMarking the boundaries of a field
View the documentGrub out all the trees in the field
View the documentGet permission to farm for a long time
close this folderWorking animals
close this folderOxen
View the documentChoosing oxen for farm work
close this folderTraining oxen
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentHarnessing oxen with a yoke
View the documentHow to train oxen
View the documentHow many hours a day can oxen work?
View the documentHow to feed working oxen
View the documentLooking after working' oxen
View the documentDonkeys
View the documentHorses
View the documentMules
View the documentCamels
close this folderTools for use with animal power
close this folderChoice of tools
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentThe plough
View the documentThe harrow
View the documentThe Manga cultivator
View the documentThe seed drill
View the documentThe cart
View the documentOther tools
close this folderIncome from animal power
View the document(introduction...)
close this folderWhat animal power costs
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentBuying animals and tools
View the documentAmortization
View the documentInterest
View the documentThe animals' food
View the documentUpkeep and repair of tools
View the documentWhat animal power farming costs him:
View the documentMechanized farming
View the documentSome examples of animal power farming
View the documentSuggested question paper

Mechanized farming

With a tractor, the work is done more quickly.

A tractor can work all day. It does not get tired like oxen.

There is no delay in sowing. You can farm bigger fields. You can carry heavy loads. You can clear land more easily.

But
You need a lot of money to buy a tractor.

A tractor costs between 700 000 francs and 1 000 000 francs.

You also need plenty of money to buy the tools.

A plough to use with a tractor costs much more than a plough for oxen. It is bigger and more complicated.

You also need plenty of money to buy petrol (gasolene); to buy lubricating oil; to pay for repairs; to pay insurance.

You must know how to drive the tractor and make good use of the tools.

You must know how to mend the tractor if there is no garage in your village. Repairs are costly.

To pay for all this, you must farm a lot of land, say 50 hectares. You must grow crops that bring in a lot of money.

In many places the agricultural service has tractors.

Farmers can pay to have these tractors work in their fields.

You can hire them.