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close this bookBetter Farming Series 24 - The Oil Palm (FAO - INADES, 1977, 40 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPreface
close this folderModern oil palm cultivation
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentBefore starting think things over carefully
View the documentLife of the oil palm
View the documentThe fruits of the oil palm yield oil
View the documentWhy cultivate oil palms?
View the documentWhere to cultivate oil palms
close this folderThe oil palm nursery
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentHow to make a nursery
View the documentLayout of paths and nursery beds
View the documentPutting up shelters
close this folderThe plantation
View the documentPreparing the site
View the documentPegging the planting pattern
View the documentPlanting out the oil palm seedlings
View the documentPutting wire netting around seedlings
close this folderLooking after the plantation
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentHow much fertilizer to apply
View the documentProtect against insects
View the documentHarvesting
View the documentSuggested question paper


36. Cultivation

You must remove the weeds around the young oil palms. This work is done with a hoe or a machete.

During the first year, cultivate 6 times.

Remove all the weeds for 2 metres around each stem. During the first months, the weeds between rows have to be cut.

If you leave the weeds, the cover crop will not grow well.

37. Trimming the plants

You must always cut away the dry leaves of the oil palm.

In order to cut the leaves without damage to the oil palm, your tools must be well sharpened.

Cut the leaves very close to the stem, so that no other plants can grow in the axil of the cut-off leaves.

Remove from the trunk any plants (ferns) that may grow in the axils of the leaves. Remove also the male flowers.

38. Applying fertilizer

The oil palm needs a lot of mineral salts to form its leaves and fruit clusters. When the oil palm is young, it needs above all nitrogen.

When the oil palm has begun to produce, it needs a lot of potash. Potash increases the number of fruit clusters, and makes them bigger.

Nitrogen brought down by the rain