|The United Nations and Crime Prevention - Seeking Security and Justice for All (UN, 1996, 170 p.)|
|Appendices: United Nations standards, guidelines and international instruments|
Adopted by the Seventh Crime Congress, Milan, 26 August-6 September 1985, and endorsed by the General Assembly in resolution 40/32
Possessing national and international dimensions, the problem of crime demands a concerted response from the community of nations to reduce opportunities for the commission of crimes and to address relevant socio-economic factors, such as poverty, inequality and unemployment. Unbalanced or inadequately planned development contributes to an increase in criminality, and the criminal justice system should be fully responsive to diverse and evolving political, economic and social systems.
Governments should give high priority to crime prevention and criminal justice through strengthening appropriate mechanisms and allocation of adequate resources.
Action-oriented programmes and projects should be undertaken in the field with the assistance of full bilateral and multilateral cooperation.
Research and database capabilities of the United Nations and Member States should be strengthened, with special attention to possible interrelationships between criminality and specific aspects of development, such as population structure and growth, housing, migration, urbanization and employment opportunities.
Further study of crime in relation to human rights and fundamental freedoms is needed for investigation of new and traditional forms of crime.
Member States should adopt concrete and urgent measures to eradicate racial discrimination and other forms of oppression, particularly apartheid.
Priority must be given to combating terrorism in all its forms and to coordinated action by the international community in that regard.
Launching a major effort to control and eventually eradicate illicit drug trafficking and abuse is imperative.
To further the improvement of criminal justice systems, the United Nations should facilitate the exchange of information and experience between Member States and should undertake study and policy research.
Non-governmental organizations should continue to be effectively involved in United Nations efforts in the field.
The UN Secretary-General is requested to review the United Nations work programmes in crime prevention and control with special attention to improving coordination of the Organization's activities.
UN regional and interregional institutes should be strengthened and their programmes reinforced. Immediate action should be taken to establish the regional institute for Africa.
UN capacities to extend technological cooperation to developing countries should be reinforced.
Member States should intensify their efforts, including in the area of education, to develop the widest possible participation in preventing and combating crime.