Cover Image
close this bookThe United Nations and Crime Prevention - Seeking Security and Justice for All (UN, 1996, 170 p.)
close this folderAppendices: United Nations standards, guidelines and international instruments
View the documentStandard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners
View the documentDeclaration Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
View the documentCode of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials
View the documentSafeguards Guaranteeing Protection of the Rights of Those Facing the Death Penalty
View the documentThe Milan Plan of Action
View the documentGuiding Principles for Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice in the Context of Development and a New Economic Order
View the documentBasic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary
View the documentModel Agreement on the Transfer of Foreign Prisoners and Recommendations on the Treatment of Foreign Prisoners
View the documentStandard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice
View the documentDeclaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and the Abuse of Power
View the documentStandard Minimum Rules for Non-Custodial Measures
View the documentGuidelines for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency
View the documentRules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their Liberty
View the documentBasic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials
View the documentBasic Principles on the Role of Lawyers
View the documentGuidelines on the Role of Prosecutors
View the documentModel Treaty on Extradition
View the documentModel Treaty on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
View the documentModel Treaty on the Transfer of Proceedings in Criminal Matters
View the documentModel Treaty on the Transfer of Supervision of Offenders Conditionally Sentenced or Conditionally Released
View the documentModel Treaty for the Prevention of Crimes that Infringe on the Cultural Heritage of Peoples in the Form of Movable Property
View the documentAnnex to Resolution on Measures Against International Terrorism
View the documentStatement of Principles and Programme of Action of the United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Programme
View the documentNaples Political Declaration and Global Action Plan

The Milan Plan of Action

Adopted by the Seventh Crime Congress, Milan, 26 August-6 September 1985, and endorsed by the General Assembly in resolution 40/32

Possessing national and international dimensions, the problem of crime demands a concerted response from the community of nations to reduce opportunities for the commission of crimes and to address relevant socio-economic factors, such as poverty, inequality and unemployment. Unbalanced or inadequately planned development contributes to an increase in criminality, and the criminal justice system should be fully responsive to diverse and evolving political, economic and social systems.


Governments should give high priority to crime prevention and criminal justice through strengthening appropriate mechanisms and allocation of adequate resources.

Action-oriented programmes and projects should be undertaken in the field with the assistance of full bilateral and multilateral cooperation.

Research and database capabilities of the United Nations and Member States should be strengthened, with special attention to possible interrelationships between criminality and specific aspects of development, such as population structure and growth, housing, migration, urbanization and employment opportunities.

Further study of crime in relation to human rights and fundamental freedoms is needed for investigation of new and traditional forms of crime.

Member States should adopt concrete and urgent measures to eradicate racial discrimination and other forms of oppression, particularly apartheid.

Priority must be given to combating terrorism in all its forms and to coordinated action by the international community in that regard.

Launching a major effort to control and eventually eradicate illicit drug trafficking and abuse is imperative.

To further the improvement of criminal justice systems, the United Nations should facilitate the exchange of information and experience between Member States and should undertake study and policy research.

Non-governmental organizations should continue to be effectively involved in United Nations efforts in the field.

The UN Secretary-General is requested to review the United Nations work programmes in crime prevention and control with special attention to improving coordination of the Organization's activities.

UN regional and interregional institutes should be strengthened and their programmes reinforced. Immediate action should be taken to establish the regional institute for Africa.

UN capacities to extend technological cooperation to developing countries should be reinforced.

Member States should intensify their efforts, including in the area of education, to develop the widest possible participation in preventing and combating crime.