|Rehabilitation of Degraded Forests in Asia (WB, 1995, 62 p.)|
Allen, Bryant. 1985. Dynamics of hallow successions and introduction of robusta in shining cultivation areas in the lowlands of Papua New Guinea. Agroforestry Systems 3:227-38.
Anoka, U.A., I.O. Akobundu and S.N.C. Okonwo. 1991. Effects of Gliricidis septum aacq.) Stued and Luccaena luccocephala (Lam) de Wit on growth and development of Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeuschel. Agroforestry Systems 16:1-12.
Atal, Yogesh. 1984. Swidden cultivation in Asia: The need for a new approach. Naaure and Resources 20(3): 19-26.
Banerjee, Ajit K. 1990. Revegetation technologies. In John B. Doolette and William B. Magrath, eds., Watershed development in Asia. Washington, DC: World Bank.
Bautista, Gerrnelino M. 1990. The forestry crisis in the Philippines: Nature, causes, and issues. The Developing Economies XXVII-I: 67-94.
Bee, Ooi J. 1987. Depletion of the forest resources in the Philippines. Field Report Series #18. ASEAN Economic Research Unit, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.
Bharucha, F.R., and K. A. Sankaranarayana. 1958. Studies on the grasslands of the western "hats of India. Journal of Ecology 46:681-705.
Blasco, F. 1983. The transition from open forest to savanna in continental Southeast Asia. In F. Bourliere, Ecosystems of the World (vol. 13: Tropical savannas). Amsterdam: Elsevier Publishing.
Blower, J. 1985. Conservation priorities in Burma. Oryx 19:79-85.
Boonkird, S.A. E.C.M. Femandez, and P.K.R. Nair. 1984. Forest villages: An agroforestry approach to rehabilitating forest land degraded by shifting cultivation in Thailand. Agroforestry
Systems 2:87- 102.
Brookfield, Harold, and Yvonne Byron. 1990. Deforestation and timber extraction in Bomeo and Malay PeninsulaThe record since 1965. The Global Environmental Change [(December): 42-56.
Bruijazeel, L.A. 1991. Hydrological impacts of tropical forest conversion. Nature & Resources 27(2): 36-46.
Burgess, P.F. 1971. Effect of logging on a hill dipterocarp forests. Malayan Nature Journal 24:231-37.
Buscbbacher, Robert 1. 1990. Natural forest management in the humid tropics: Ecological, social, and economic considerations. Ambio 19(5): 253-58.
Chaplin, G.E. 1985. An integrated silvicultural solution to weedy climber problems in the Solomon Islands. Commonwealth Forestry Review 64(2): 133-39.
Chaturvedi, A.N. 1991. Agroforestry in India with particular reference to economic factors. In Agroforestry in Asia and the Pacif c. Bangkok:
Chin, S.C. 1989. Managing Malaysia's forests for sustained production. Wallencieana 55-56:
Cue, Le Tmag. 1988. Agroforestry practices in Vietnam. Working Paper #9. Environ-ment and Policy Institute, East-West Center. Honolulu, Hawaii: University of Hawaii.
Davidson, 1. 1985. Plantation forestry in relation to topical moist forests in South east Asia. The Environmentalist 5(10): 101-10.
Delis, Robert. 1982. The petrified forests. Far Eastern Economic Review 117:61-62.
Dove, Michael. 1984. Man, land and game in Sumbeva: Some observations on agrarian eco
References logy and development policy in Eastern Asia.
Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography 5(2): 1 2224.
Eden, M.J. 1985. Forest cultivation and derived savanna and grassland: Comparative studies from southern Papua and southwest Guyana. In J.C. Tothill and J.C. Mott, ads., Ecology and management of the world s savannas: International savanna symposium 1984. Canberra:
Australian Academy of Science.
Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP). 199O. State of the environment in Asia and the Pacific. Bangkok: ESCAP.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 1989. Review of forest management systems of tropical Asia. Forestry Paper #89. Rome: FAO.
1986. Environmental and song-economic
aspect of tropical deforestation in Asia and the Pacific c. Proceeding from expert group meeting. Bangkok: FAO.
1981. Tropical forest assessment project (in the framework of GEMS): Forest resources of tropical Asia. Rome: FAO/UNDP.
Forestier, K. 1989. The degreening of China. New Scientist (July): 52-55.
Fujisaka, S., and E. Wollenbert. 1991. From forest to agroforest and logger to agroforester: A case study. Agroforestry Systems 14:113-29.
Gomez, Pompa A., T.C. Whitmore and Hadley, ads. 1991. Rain forest regeneration and management. Man and the Biosphere Series (vol. 6). Pans: Parthenon Publishing Group.
Grandstaff, Terry B. 1980. Shifting cultivation in northern Thailand: Possibilities for development. Tokyo: The United Nations University.
Greenland, D.J. 1974. Evolution and development of different types of cultivation in FAO/SIDA/ ARCN For regional seminar on shining cultivation and soil conservation in Africa, Ibadan, Nigena. Rome: FAO.
Hegde, N.G. 1991. Agroforestry in India: scope and strategies. In Agroforestry in Asia and the Pacific c. Bangkok: Winrock/PAo.
Holm, Le Roy G., Donald L. Plucknett, Juan V. Pancho and James P. Herberger. 1977. The world s worst weeds. Honolulu, Hawaii: The University Press of Hawaii.
Hurst, Philip. 1990. Rain forest politics. London: Zed Books, Ltd.
Inoue, Makoto and Abubakar M. Lahjie. 1990.
Dynamics of swidden agriculture in East Kalimanbn. Agroforestry Systems 12:269-84.
Ivens, G.W. 1983. The influence of temperature on germination of gorse. Weed resources 23:207-16.
Johnson, Nelson, and Bruce Cabarle. 1993. Surviving the cut: Natural farest management in the humid tropics. Washington, DC: World Resources Institute.
Jonson, T. and P. Lundgren. 1990. Logging technology for tropical forestsFor or against? In Improvement of harvesting systems for the sustainable management of tropical rain forests. Report prepared by the Forest Operations Institute, Sweden.
Joseph, K.T. 1985. Effect of rural development on soils and hydrology of topical rain forest areas. In J. Davidson, The Yow Pong and Maarten Bijleveld, Commission on ecology papers (no. 10).
Karbwinab, Kuswab. 1981. The environmenal consequences of tree removal from the forest in Indonesia. In V.H. Sutlive, N. Altsbuler and M.D. Zamora, ads., Studies in third world societies. Publication #13. Williamsburg, Virginia: Department of Anthmpology, College of William and Mary.
Knowland, Will. 1985. Rates of change of forest cover in Southeast Asia and implications for natural economies in the futures of tropical forests in Southeast Asia. The Environmentalist 5(10).
Kochummen, K.M. 1985. Second round table conference on diptercarps. In J. Davidson, Tho You Pong and Maarten Bijleveld, Commission on ecology papers (no. 10). Gland: International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.
Kochumen, K.M., and F.S.P. Ng. 1977. Natural plant succession after farming in Kepong. The Malaysian Forester 40(1): 61-78.
Lamotte, Maxime, and Francois Bouliere. 1983. In Francois Bouliere, ea., Energy flow and nutrient cycling in tropical savannas in ecosystem of the world. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Lamprecht, Hans. 1989. Silviculture in the tropics: Tropical forest ecosystems and their tree speciespossibilities and methodsfor their long term utilization. Eschbom, Federal Republic of Germany: Deutsche Gesellschafl fur Tochniscbe Zusammen-arbeit GmbH.
Lanly, J.P. 1985. Forest resources of south east Asia: Results from the FAO/UNEP tropical forest resources assessment project. In J. Davidson, Tho Yow Pong and Maarten Bijleved, Commission on ecology papers (no. 10). Gland: International Union for Conservation and Nature and Natural Resources.
Maikhuri, R.K. and P.S. Ramakrishnan. 1991. Comparative analysis of the village ecosystem function of different tribes living in the same area in Arunachal Pradesh in north-eastern India. Agricultural Systems 35:377-99.
Malbotra, K. C. , and M. Poffenberger, eds. 1 989. Forest regeneration through community protection: The West Bengal experience. West Bengal Forest Department, Indian Institute for BioSocial Research and Development, Ramakrishna Mission, and Ford Foundation.
McDowell, B. 1982. The land: luck of a land in the middle. Nauional Geographic 162:500-32.
Mueller-Dombois, Dieter. 1981. Fire in tropical ecosystems. In USDA forest service 1981 general technical report #WO-26, Fire regimes and ecosystem properties. Proceedings of the conference, December 1115, Honolulu, Hawaii.
Muranjan, S.W. 1987. Management of social forestry in Maharashtra. Artha Vijanana 29:113-99.
Myers, Norman. 1989. Deforestation rates in tropical forests and their climatic implications. London: Friends of the Earth.
Numata, M. 1979. Distribution of grasses and grasslands in Asia. In M. Numata, ea., Ecology of grasslands and bamboolands in the world. The Hague.
Poore, Duncan. 1989. No timber without trees. Earthscan :252.
Raintree, J.B. and K. Warner. 1986. Agroforestry pathways for the intensification of shifting cultivation. Agroforestry Systems 4:39-54.
Ramaktishnan, P.S. 1991. Rain forest ecosystem function and its management in north-east India. In A. GomezPompa, T.C. Whitmore and M. Hadley, eds., Rain forest regeneration and management. Man and the Biosphere Series (vol. 6). Pans: UNESCO.
Ramakrishnan, P.S., and B.K. Mishra. 1981. Population dynamics of eupatorium adenophorum spreng, during secondary succession after slash and burn agriculture (jhum) in north eastern India. Weed Resources 22:7784.
Revilla, A.V., J.A. Canonizaddo, and M.C. Gregano. 1987. Forest Management Report. Manila: Forest Management Task Force, Resource Policy Group.
Saulei, Simon M. 1990. Forest research and development in Papua New Guinea. Ambio 19(8): 379-82.
1984. Natural regeneration following clear-fell logging operations in the Gogol Valley, Papua New Guinea. Ambio 13(5-6): 35 1 -54.
Seavoy, R.E. 1975. The origin of tropical grasslands in Kalimanbn. Journal of Tropical Geography 40:48-52.
Seddon, George. 1984. Logging in the Gogol Valley, Papua New Guinea. Ambio 3(5-6): 345-50.
Seebauer, Manfred. 1992. Study of social forestry programs in India. Unpublished report for GWB, Michelsbdt, Germany.
Senaratna, D.S.J.E. 1958. Regional survey of the grasslands of Ceylon. In Study of tropical vegetation: Proceedings of the Kandy symposium (19-21 March 1956). Colombo: Government of Ceylon and UNESCO.
Sherman, George. 1980. What green desert.? the ecology of batak grassland farming. In Indonesia. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Modern Indonesia Project.
Singh, J.S., W.K. Lauenroth, and D.G. Milchunas. 1983. Geography of grassland ecosystems. Progress in Physical Geography 7:46-80.
Singh, J.S., Yangg Hanxi, and P.E. Sajise. 1985. Structural and functional aspects of Indian and southeast Asian savanna ecosystems. In J.C. Tothill and J.C. Mott, eds., Ecology and management of the world's savannas: International savanna symposium 1984. Canberra: Australian Academy of Science.
Singh, S.P., and J.S. Singh. 1991. Analytical conceptual plan to reforest central Himalaya for sustainable development. Environmental Management 15(3): 36979.
Singh, V.P. and J.S. Singh Man and forests: a case study from the dry tropics of India. Environmental Conservation 16(2): 129-36.
Skerman, P.J., and F. Miveros. 1990. Man and forests: A case study from the dry tropics of India. Environment Conservation 16(2): 1 29-36.
Soerianegara, 1., and K. Karbwinab. 1985. Silvi
cultural management of the logged natural dipterocarp forest in Indonesia. The Environmentalist 5(10): 81-86.
Sumitro, Achmand. 1985. Rehabilitation and utilization of forest fallows and degraded areas. Special study on forest management, afforestation, and utilization of forest resources in the developing regions. Bangkok: FAO.
Tuladhar, A.R. 1991. Agroforesty in Nepal. In Agroforestry in Asia and the Pacific c. Bangkok:
Toky, O.P., and P.S. Ramakrishnan. 1982. A comparative study of the energy budget of bill agroecosytems with emphasis on the slash and hum system (jhum) at lower elevations of northeastern India. Agricultural Systems 9: 143-54.
Torqueblau, E. Man-made dipterocarp forest in Sumatra. Agroforestry Systems 7:63-83.
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). 1983. Swidden cultivation in Asia. Vol. 2, Country profiles: India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand. Bangkok: UNESCO Regional Office for Education in Asia and the Pacific.
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP), and United
Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO). 1978. Tropical forest ecosystems. Pans: UNESCO.
Unruh, Jon D. 1990. Iterative increase of economic tree species in managed swidden-fallows of the Amazon. Agroforestry Systems 11:175-97.
Upadhyay, K.P. 1988. Shifting cultivation in Bhutan: The present situation and alternatives. Rome: FAO.
Wallace, Michael B. 1988. Forest degradation in Nepal: Institutional context and policy alternatives. Research Report Series #6. HMGUSAID-GTZIDRC-Ford-Winrock project: strengthening institutional capacity in the food and agricultural sector in Nepal.
Whit more, T.C. 1975. Tropical forests of the far east. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
World Bank. 1993. Toward an environmental strategy for Discussion paper 224.
1990. Indonesia: Sustainable development offorests, land and water. Country Study.
World Resources Institute (WRY). 1991. World resources 1990-1991. Washington, DC: WRI.
Yadava, P.S., and J.S. Singh 1977. Grassland vegetation: its structure, function, utili-zation and management. In Progress in ecology (vol. 11). New Delhi: Toddy and Tomorrow's Printers and Publishers.