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close this bookGATE - 1/87 - Research and Development (GTZ GATE, 1987, 52 p.)
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News from Bonn

Master Plan for Development Aid Safeguarding Food Supplies for Africa

Main Fields of Activity: the Environment and Women

Speaking on the occasion d the presentation of the 1987 master plan for development aid in Bonn, the Federal Minister for Economic Cooperation, JWarnke, stated that the Federal Government's development policy record was something to be proud of. The Federal Government, he continued, had re-oriented its development policies and adapted its aid measures both to the altered economic and social circumstances In developing countries and to the changing demands being made on the instruments of cooperation. The Federal Republic of Germany was, he said, prepared to help its partner states in the Third World to reform their structure.

Regionally, Africa is still the continent receiving most support of bilateral Financial and Technical Cooperation were thus 9.1 per cent higher in 1987 than in the previous year.

The increase in the development aid budget to 6,900 million Marks in 1987 confirmed, said Warnke, the importance placed on development aid by the Federal Government. The opportunities for new assurances of aid in the field (1,800 million Marks, 43.6 per cent of all aid pledged). To quote the Minister, German aid to Africa was mainly aimed at enabling countries there to feed their own populations. While Asia's share, at 1,500 million Marks (37.4 per cent), has dropped slightly, German development aid measures for Latin America in 1987 will be raised to 536 million Marks (13.2 per cent). The Federal Government is thus continuing its policy of continuously increasing the funds available for this continent.

Table 1: Main sectoral and supra-sectoral fields of activity within the framework of Financial and Technical Cooperation with developing countries.


1985 (actual)

1986 (projected)

1987 (projected)


Millions

Millions

Millions


of DM

Per cent

of DM

Per cent

of DM

Per cent

Projects directly concerned with basic needs

1,251.2

34.8

1,414.3

37.2

1,809.3

44.4

Rural development

989.1

27.5

1,457.4

38.4

1,715.6

42.1

Energy

740.0

20.6

769.1

20.2

829.2

20.4

The main sectors included in the 1987 planning are: 1,800 million Marks for the satisfaction of basic needs, over 1,700 million Marks for rural development, and 830 million Marks for development measures in the energy sector. Basic and further vocational raining, and the protection of the environment retain their positions high up the list.

Table 2: Shares of the poorer developing countries in promises of Financial and Technical Cooperation


1985 (actual)

1986 (projected)

1987 (projected)


Millions

Millions

Millions


of DM

Per cent

of DM

Per cent

of DM

Per cent

LDC

992

27.6

897

23.6

1,077

26.4

Other poor developing countries with a pro capita GNP below US $ 400

818

22.7

1,164

30.6

1,062

26.1

Poor developing countries including LDC total

1,810

50.3

2,061

54.3

2,139

52.5

Federal Minister Warnke said hat the main emphasis of German development policies over the next few years would be on the environment and on support for women. Warnke stated that progress in the Third World depended to a decisive extent on the ability of the countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America to turn the industry and inventiveness of their people into the motive power for development. In many countries, said Warnke, there was an increasing readiness to push aside the state bureaucracy that restricts private initiative. So German development aid must concentrate on fostering creative energies and on supporting the population's readiness to help itself to develop.

Africa Can Feed Itself

In the course of a speech on "Safeguarding food supplies for Africa by he efforts of African nations" given at the development-policy forum of the German Foundation for International Development held at the beginning of this year in Berlin, the Parliamentary State Secretary of he Federal Minister for Economic Cooperation, Volkmar Kohler, stated that Africa as a whole was capable of feeding itself, and that he provision of foodstuffs for countries whose natural resources no longer permitted additional production should be secured by increased South-South trade.

The Parliamentary State Secretary went on to say that the gratifying reports of good harvests in many countries of Africa were by 10 means a sign to slacken off efforts. The breathing space should, he continued, be used to consider, in consultation with other donor agencies and the governments of the African countries concerned, how the supply of food could be put on a stable and permanent footing in future. The aim of all agricultural aid according to Kohler must be to exploit to the full all the natural possibilities of improving the soil, combating pests and fertilizing the ground before considering the increased use of means of production. A sensible modernization of African agriculture could, he said, only be achieved by a gradual step-by-step development of traditional cultivation systems and a suitable combination of improved cultivation techniques accompanied by the corresponding advisory service. In addition, the research deficits in the development of local food crops and natural insecticides for protecting plants and stores of food would, Kohler said, have to be reduced.

The Parliamentary State Secretary pledged the support of the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany to the Ministers of Agriculture of the African nations in their efforts to stabilize the production of food supplies. Africa would, Kohler said, remain the priority contient for German bilateral development aid.