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close this bookHabitat Debate - Vol. 4 - No. 3 - 1998 - Urban Finance (HABITAT, 1998, 61 p.)
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Open this folder and view contentsCASE STUDY
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The Urban Challenge in Africa: Growth and Management of its Large Cities

Edited by Carole Rakodi
Published by the United Nations University, Tokyo, 1997

Scholars from a range of national and disciplinary backgrounds examine in this volume the growth of the largest cities in Africa - their characteristics, their dynamism despite economic crises, and the outcomes of attempts to manage them. The introductory chapters consider the effects of global forces on Africa and its major cities, revealing that the new phase of globalization has reinforced the continent's marginalization, impoverishment, indebtedness and lack of policy autonomy, rather than leading to economic growth and diversification. Case studies of selected cities (Cairo, Lagos, Johannesburg, Kinshasa, Abidjan and Nairobi) reflect the experiences of the largest urban agglomerations. The experiences of these and other cities are drawn upon in thematic chapters dealing with the characteristics of city economies; property markets; politics, governance and social organization; and the lives of urban people, including migration patterns and the effects of impoverishment.

Illegal Cities: Law and Urban Change in Developing Countries

Edited by Edo Fernandes and Ann Varley
Published by Zed Books Ltd., London and New York, 1998
Price: £49.95/$69.95 hardback
£16.95/$27.95 paperback

In the major cities of Asia, Africa and Latin America, the urban poor often have to step outside the law to gain access to housing. Much has been written about the problems they face, but few studies have asked why it matters that their housing is illegal, or what should be done about it. Illegal Cities seeks to answer these questions by exploring the role of law in the process of urban change. Its broad geographical coverage combines national case studies, mostly written by experts from the countries in question, with overview chapters by leading specialists in the field. The need for urban reform in developing countries provides the underlying theme uniting contributions to this book.

Sharing the World: Sustainable Living and Global Equity in the 21st Century

by Michael Carley and Philippe Spapens
Published by Earthscan Publications Ltd., London, 1998

This book is a contribution from the Sustainable Europe Campaign of Friends of the Earth, a campaign which began in 1992 to assess what sustainable development means in practical terms, and how it can be achieved. Divided into 8 chapters, the book looks at the inequality caused by overconsumption and proposes a practical, gradual approach to fundamentally altering industrial processes and the values that drive consumerism, so that the world shifts to clean, sustainable and satisfying modes of living within the boundaries of “environmental space”.

City Experiences and International Support

EPM Source Book Vol.2

Jointly published by UNCHS (Habitat) and UNEP, Nairobi, 1997

This Environmental Planning and Management (EPM) Source Book carries: (a) abstracts of case studies from 32 cities around the world illustrating how cities with a wide variety of different geographic, political and socio economic contexts approach urban environmental issues through a similar process framework; (b) 20 fact sheets on international support programmes working in urban environmental planning and management; and (c) the Istanbul Manifesto, drafted and adopted by over 200 participants representing more than 70 cities and over 20 international programmes, in Istanbul, Turkey, on 1 June 1996.

The Urban Environment Forum Directory

EPM source Book Vol.3

Jointly published by UNCHS (Habitat) and UNEP, Nairobi, 1997

This directory contains the full contact addresses of all members of the Urban Environment Forum, a global coalition defined by the shared concerns of its members, who are development practitioners centrally concerned with urban environmental management.

Changing Gender Relations in Southern Africa: Issues of Urban Life

Edited by Anita Larsson, Matseliso Mapetla and Ann Schlyter
Published by the Institute of Southern African Studies, National University of Lesotho, Lesotho, 1998

This book presents the results of a three-year (1994-1997) gender research programme on Urbanization, Planning, Housing and Everyday Life in Southern Africa (GRUPHEL, Phase II). The GRUPHEL studies are all based on empirical material in the socio economic and political context of southern Africa in the mid-1990s, illustrating how vulnerable groups in urban areas are striving to cope with and challenge traditional gender roles in periods of transition and economic decline.

Mapping Progress: Assessing Implementation of the Beijing Platform 1998

Published by the Women's Environment and Development Organization (WEDO), New York, 1998

This report summarises major successes and setbacks in implementing the Beijing Platform for Action by presenting data from 90 countries. The report is an effort at strengthening the capacity of women's movements to demand accountability from governments and other policy-makers for people-centred and gender-aware policies at all levels.

Manual for Evaluating Training's Impact on Human Settlements

Published by UNCHS (Habitat), Nairobi, 1997. (HS/457/97E)

This manual is intended to provide trainees and managers with a direct, simple and innovative approach to evaluating training's impact. Its main purpose is to support the implementation of capacity-building components of National Habitat II Plans of Action. The manual's emphasis is on evaluating the impact of training, not the delivery of training.

Privatization in Africa

by Oliver Campbell White and Anita Bhatia
Published by the World Bank, Washington, D.C., 1998

This book presents the findings of a study designed to determine what privatization has taken place in Africa over the past ten years, what its impact has been, and the lessons for decision-makers. The country case studies covered include Benin, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Nigeria, Togo, Uganda and Zambia. The principal aim of the book is to contribute toward an understanding of and improvement in the process of privatization in Africa.

Report of the Regional Workshop on Privatization and Financing of Municipalities in the Eastern Africa Region

Published by UNCHS (Habitat), with the support of the Ford Foundation Office for Eastern Africa, Nairobi, 1998 (HS/521/98E)

This is the report of a Regional Workshop on the Privatization and Financing of Municipal Services in Eastern Africa, held in Naivasha, Kenya in April 1998. The objective of the workshop was to critically discuss the draft report of a research project conducted by UNCHS (Habitat) on “Privatization and Financing of Municipalities in a Decentralized Environment: A Governance Approach to Human Settlements Management” in 1997.

All UNCHS (Habitat) publications may be obtained from Habitat Information Offices <offices.htm> or by writing to:

Publications Section
Information and Audio-Visual Division
UNCHS (Habitat), P.O. Box 30030
Nairobi, Kenya
Fax: (254-2) 624333/624060


Formal Series


Urban Property Tax Reform: Guidelines and Recommendations. William Dillinger (F/S - US$18.00)


Energy Environment-Linkages in the Urban Sector. Josef Leitmann (F/S - US$18.00)


Alternative Approaches to Pollution Control and Waste Management: Regulatory and Economic Instruments. Janis D. Bernstein (F/S - US$18.00)


The Land Market Assessment: A New Tool for Urban Management. David E. Dowall (F/S - US$18.00)


Reforming Urban Land Policies and Institutions in Developing Countries. Catherine Farvacque, Patrick McAuslan (F - US$18.00)


A Review of Environmental Health Impacts in Developing Country Cities. David Bradley, Carolyn Stephens, Trudy Harpham, Sandy Cairncross (US$18.00)


A Framework for Reforming Urban Land Policies in Developing Countries. David E. Dowall, Giles Clarke (US$18.00)


Conditions de Mise en Place des Systs d'Information Fonci dans les Villes d'Afrique Sud-Saharienne Francophone. Alain Durand-Lasserve (US$18.00)


Urban Applications of Satellite Remote Sensing and GIS Analysis. Bengt Paulsson (US$18.00)

UMP 10

Utility Mapping and Record Keeping for Infrastructure David Pickering, Jonathan M. Park, David H. Bannister (US$18.00)

UMP 11

Elements of Urban Management. Kenneth J. Davey (S - US$18.00)

UMP 12

Land-use Considerations in Urban Environmental Management. Janis Bernstein (US$18.00)

UMP 13

Private Sector Participation in Municipal Solid Waste Services in Developing Countries. Volume 1: The Formal Sector. Sandra Cointreau-Levine (US$18.00)

UMP 14

Rapid Urban Environmental Assessment: Lessons from Cities in the Developing World. Volume 1. Methodology and Preliminary Findings. Josef Leitmann (US$18.00)

UMP 15

Rapid Urban Environmental Assessment: Lessons from Cities in the Developing World. Volume 2. Tools and Outputs. Josef Leitmann (US$18.00)

UMP 16

Decentralization and its Implications for Urban Service Delivery. William Dillinger (US$18.00)

UMP 17

Strategic Options for Urban Infrastructure Management. William F. Fox (US$18.00)

UMP 18

Toward Environmental Strategies for Cities: Policy Considerations for Urban Environmental Management in Developing Countries. Carl Bartone, Janis Bernstein, Josef Leitmann, Jochen Eigen

UMP 19

Participation and Partnership in Urban Infrastructure Management. Peter Schubeler (US$18.00)

UMP 20

Policy Programme Options for Urban Poverty Reduction: a Framework for Action at the Municipal Government Level. Franz Vanderschueren, Emiel Wegelin and Kadmiel Wekwete (F/S - US$18.00)

UMP 21

Household Responses to Poverty and Vulnerability. Volume 1. Confronting Crisis in Cisne Dos, Guayaquil, Ecuador. Caroline Moser (US$18.00)

UMP 22

Household Responses to Poverty and Vulnerability. Volume 2. Confronting Crisis in Angyalfold, Budapest, Hungary. Caroline Moser, Cathy McIlwaine (US$18.00)

UMP 23

Household Responses to Poverty and Vulnerability. Volume 3. Confronting Crisis in Commonwealth, Metro Manila, The Philippines. Caroline Moser, Cathy McIlwaine (US$18.00)

UMP 24

Household Responses to Poverty and Vulnerability. Volume 4. Confronting Crisis in Chawama, Lusaka, Zambia. Caroline Moser, Jeremy Holland (US$18.00)

Working Paper Series


Environmental Innovation and Management in Curitiba, Brazil. Jonas Rabinovitch, Josef Leitmann (US$15.00)


The Life Cycle of Urban Innovations. Elwood M. Hopkins (US$15.00)


The Life Cycle of Urban Innovations in Mega Cities - Seven Case Studies - Volume Two. Elwood M. Hopkins (US$15.00)


Multi Sectoral Investment Planning. George Peterson, G. Thomas Kingsley, Jeffrey P. Telgarsky (US$15.00)


Public-Private Partnerships in Urban Infrastructure Services. Philip Gidman with Ian Blore, Jens Lorentzen and Paul Schuttenbelt (US$16.00)


Urban Poverty Research Sourcebook: Module I: Sub-City Level Household Survey. Caroline Moser, Michael Gatehouse and Helen Garcia (F/S - US$16.00)


Urban Poverty Research Sourcebook: Module II: Indicators of Urban Poverty. Caroline Moser, Michael Gatehouse and Helen Garcia (F/S - US$16.00)


Regularization and Integration of Irregular Settlements: Lessons from Experience. Alain Durand-Lasserve, Valerie Clerc (F - US$16.00)


A Practical Approach to Dealing with Municipal Malfeasance. Robert Klitgaard, Ronald MaClean-Abaroa and H. Lindsey Parris (S - US$16.00)


Conceptual Framework for Municipal Solid Waste Management in Low-Income Countries. Peter Schubeler, Karl Wehrle, Jurg Christen (US$16.00)


Valuating the Economic Impacts of Urban Environmental Problems: Asian Cities. Euishoon Shin et al (US$16.00)


Understanding Environmental Problems in Disadvantaged Neighborhoods: Broad Spectrum Surveys, Participatory Appraisal and Contingent Valuation. Gordon McGranahan et al (US$16.00)

* Note: F/S indicates that the publication is also available in French or Spanish.

Charges for publications will be levied on applicants from countries that fall into the High Income Economies category as defined by the World Bank1. All other applicants, i.e. those from developing countries and all bona fide students, regardless of country, are exempted from payment.

Cheques in US$ should be made payable to UNCHS (Habitat)

To order, write to:

The Programme Coordinator
Urban Management Programme (UMP)
P. O. Box 30030
Nairobi, KENYA
Tel. 254 2 623218, 621234
Fax. 254 2 623536, 624264

1. The World Bank “The State in a Changing World: World Development Report 1997”, June 1997 p215. These countries are defined as those with a GNP per capita of US$9,386 or more. They include Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Korea (Republic of), Kuwait, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States.


UNCHS (Habitat) has a few videos about micro-credit and financing which might prove of interest to Habitat Debate readers. These videos are part of the larger catalogue of productions which can be found on the UNCHS (Habitat) website. The videos cost $25 each and can be ordered on e-mail from <>.

Women's Banking in Sri Lanka

15 minutes

The goal of women's bank operations is to facilitate the development of poor urban families, focusing on women as the central figures. Women's banking groups have mushroomed all over the developing world. This particular example is from Sri Lanka.

This video is part of a longer 60 minute compilation about women and shelter

Women's Thrift: A community credit system

21 minutes

The economic plight of women in low-income settlements and a community-based system of credit is the subject of this video. It explains the evolution of Women's Mutual Help Groups in various communities in Colombo and the positive impact of access to affordable credit on the lives of poor women. By involving the women themselves in the credit scheme, their economic improvement is reinforced by their sense of solidarity.

This video is part of the UNCHS (Habitat)/DANIDA Community Participation Training Project. It was prepared as part of a six video training package in conjunction with the NHDA and low-income groups in Colombo. The videos that follow the experiences of communities through particular phases of their settlement upgrading project.

Financing Namuwongo

15 minutes

This video focuses on the low income financing scheme designed to support householders in their efforts to reconstruct their houses after they had been allocated plots within the new site plan drawn up for Namuwongo in Uganda. The video analyses major issues that emerged in the course of project implementation including the incapacity of very low-income people to qualify for loans and the fact that loans were made accessible to rich families who bought out poorest residents.

This video is part of a larger series on housing and shelter development strategies in Namuwongo in Uganda.

To order and for a full catalogue of all UNCHS (Habitat) videos, please write to:

The Head
Audio-Visual Section, IAVD
UNCHS (Habitat)
P.O. Box 30030
Nairobi, Kenya