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close this bookWHO Information Series on School Health - Document 5 - Tobacco Use Prevention: An Important Entry Point for the Development of Health-promoting Schools (UNESCO - WHO, 1999, 52 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
View the documentFOREWORD
Open this folder and view contents1. INTRODUCTION
Open this folder and view contents2. CONVINCING OTHERS THAT TOBACCO USE PREVENTION IN SCHOOLS IS IMPORTANT
Open this folder and view contents3. CONVINCING OTHERS THAT TOBACCO USE PREVENTION IN SCHOOLS WILL REALLY WORK
Open this folder and view contents4. PLANNING INTERVENTIONS
Open this folder and view contents5. INTEGRATING TOBACCO USE PREVENTION INTO VARIOUS COMPONENTS OF HEALTH-PROMOTING SCHOOLS
View the document6. TRAINING TEACHERS AND OTHER SCHOOL PERSONNEL TO IMPLEMENT TOBACCO USE PREVENTION
Open this folder and view contents7. EVALUATION
View the documentANNEX 1 OTTAWA CHARTER FOR HEALTH PROMOTION (1986)
View the documentANNEX 2 HEALTH CONSEQUENCES OF TOBACCO USE AND ENVIRONMENTAL TOBACCO SMOKE (1)
View the documentREFERENCES
View the documentGLOBAL SCHOOL HEALTH INITIATIVE

ANNEX 2 HEALTH CONSEQUENCES OF TOBACCO USE AND ENVIRONMENTAL TOBACCO SMOKE (1)

1. Health consequences of tobacco use

Mortality and morbidity

· results in premature death
· causes significant disease and disability

Cardiovascular effects

· a cause of coronary heart disease
· a cause of cerebrovascular disease (stroke)
· a cause of atherosclerotic peripheral vascular disease

Cancer

· a cause of lung cancer
· a contributing factor for pancreatic cancer
· a cause of laryngela cancer
· a contributing factor for renal cancer
· a cause of cancer of the lip, tongue mouth and pharynx
· associated with gastric cancer
· a cause of esophageal cancer
· a cause of bladder cancer

Lung diseases

· a cause of chronic bronchitis
· a cause of emphysema

Women's health effects

· a cause of (intrauterine) growth retardation, leading to low birth weight babies
· a contributing factor for cervical cancer
· a probable cause of unsuccessful pregnancies

Other health effects

· addiction to nicotine
· adverse interactions with occupational hazards that increase the risk of cancer
· alteration of the actions and effects of prescription and non-prescription medications
· a probable cause of peptic ulcer disease

2. Health consequences of breathing Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS)

· a cause of lung cancer in non-smokers a cause of oral cancer
· associated with higher death rates from cardiovascular disease in non-smokers
· in children, associated with respiratory tract infections, increased prevalence of fluid in the middle ear, additional episodes of asthma, and increased severity of symptoms in children with asthma, and a risk factor for new onset of asthma in children who have nor previously displayed symptoms
· associated with increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

· associated with increased irritant effects, particularly eye irritation, among allergic persons.