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close this bookWHO Information Series on School Health - Document 5 - Tobacco Use Prevention: An Important Entry Point for the Development of Health-promoting Schools (UNESCO - WHO, 1999, 52 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
View the documentFOREWORD
Open this folder and view contents1. INTRODUCTION
Open this folder and view contents2. CONVINCING OTHERS THAT TOBACCO USE PREVENTION IN SCHOOLS IS IMPORTANT
Open this folder and view contents3. CONVINCING OTHERS THAT TOBACCO USE PREVENTION IN SCHOOLS WILL REALLY WORK
Open this folder and view contents4. PLANNING INTERVENTIONS
Open this folder and view contents5. INTEGRATING TOBACCO USE PREVENTION INTO VARIOUS COMPONENTS OF HEALTH-PROMOTING SCHOOLS
View the document6. TRAINING TEACHERS AND OTHER SCHOOL PERSONNEL TO IMPLEMENT TOBACCO USE PREVENTION
Open this folder and view contents7. EVALUATION
View the documentANNEX 1 OTTAWA CHARTER FOR HEALTH PROMOTION (1986)
View the documentANNEX 2 HEALTH CONSEQUENCES OF TOBACCO USE AND ENVIRONMENTAL TOBACCO SMOKE (1)
View the documentREFERENCES
View the documentGLOBAL SCHOOL HEALTH INITIATIVE

FOREWORD

Investments in schools are intended to yield benefits to communities, nations and individuals. Such benefits include improved social and economic development, increased productivity and enhanced quality of life. In many parts of the world, such investments are not achieving their full potential, despite increased enrolments and hard work by committed teachers and administrators. This document describes how the results of educational investments can be enhanced, by increasing the capacity of schools to promote health as they do learning.

For better or worse, health influences education. If children are healthy, they can take full advantage of every opportunity to learn. But, children who cannot attend school because of poor health or unhealthy conditions cannot seize the opportunities that schools provide. Similarly, schools cannot achieve their full potential if children who attend school are not capable of learning well. Poor health and unhealthy conditions jeopardize the value of school attendance.

This document is part of the WHO Information Series on School Health prepared for WHO'S Global School Health Initiative. The Initiative is a concerted effort by international organizations to help schools improve the health of students, staff, parents and community members. The document will be used in the new United Nations Foundation Project "Building Alliances and Taking Action for a Generation of Tobacco-free Children and Youth", which is a joint effort by WHO and UNICEF, and a major part of WHO'S Tobacco Free Initiative. It will also be used by UNESCO in the field of preventive education against drug abuse along with strategies and educational materials that can be adapted to specific socio-cultural contexts and which arm individuals, particularly children, youth and women, with the skills necessary to protect themselves against the dangers of both licit (tobacco and alcohol) and illicit drugs.

Creating a tobacco-free generation will require schools, communities, governments and the media to work together in support of health. We encourage education and health agencies to use this document to help schools become "health promoting" schools and collaborate with others to prevent and reduce tobacco use.

Although definitions will vary, depending on need and circumstance, a "Health-Promoting School" can be characterized as a school constantly strengthening its capacity as a healthy setting for living, learning and working (see box after the foreword).

The extent to which each nation's schools become Health-Promoting Schools will play a significant role in determining whether the next generation is educated and healthy. Education and health support and enhance each other. Neither is possible alone.

Dr Desmond O'Byrne

Armoongum Parsuramen

Dr Derek Yach

Department of Health Promotion Social Change and Mental Health Cluster WHO

Director
Division for the Renovation of Secondary and Vocational Education UNESCO

Tobacco Free Initiative Non-Communicable Disease Cluster WHO

A HEALTH-PROMOTING SCHOOL

A Health-Promoting School:

· fosters health and learning with all the measures at its disposal

· engages health and education officials, teachers, students, parents, and community leaders in efforts to promote health

· strives to provide a healthy environment, school health education, and school health services along with school/community projects and outreach, health promotion programmes for staff, nutrition and food safety programmes, opportunities for physical education and recreation, and programmes for counselling, social support and mental health promotion

· implements policies, practices and other measures that respect an individual's self-esteem, provide multiple opportunities for success, and acknowledge good efforts and intentions as well as personal achievements


· strives to improve the health of school personnel, families and community members as well as students; and works with community leaders to help them understand how the community contributes to health and education