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close this bookBasic Science and Health Education for Primary Schools, Uganda (UNICEF, 1992, 162 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentForeword
View the documentLinking Volume 1 and 2 of Basic Science and Health Education Teacher's Guide
Open this folder and view contentsIntroduction to Book
View the documentCHAPTER 1. My Health and Other People's
View the documentCHAPTER 2. Caring for Our Bodies
View the documentCHAPTER 3. Causes of Accidents
View the documentCHAPTER 4. Names and Sources of Food
View the documentCHAPTER 5. The Importance of Immunisation
View the documentCHAPTER 6. Cleaning Things We Use
View the documentCHAPTER 7. Family Relationships and Interactions
View the documentCHAPTER 8. The Six Immunisable Diseases
View the documentCHAPTER 9. Food Hygiene
View the documentCHAPTER 10. Helping Others to Keep Healthy
View the documentCHAPTER 11. Worms, Diarrhoea and Dehydration
View the documentCHAPTER 12. Safety and Accident Prevention
View the documentCHAPTER 13. Germs and Prevention of Disease
View the documentCHAPTER 14. Working together for Good Health
View the documentCHAPTER 15. Topic: Keeping Clean
View the documentCHAPTER 16. Malaria, Trachoma and Sleeping Sickness
View the documentCHAPTER 17. First Aid for Common Accidents
View the documentCHAPTER 18. Food Preservation and Contamination
View the documentCHAPTER 19. Injuries and Their Care
View the documentCHAPTER 20. Digestive System
View the documentCHAPTER 21. Nutrition, Health and Disease
View the documentCHAPTER 22. Worms

CHAPTER 5. The Importance of Immunisation

UNIT 18 IMMUNISATION
P1 Term 3

Objectives

By the end of this topic, pupils should be able to:

1. List some sickness that happen in their homes.
2. Identify some of the bad effects of these diseases.
3. List ways in which these diseases can be prevented.
4. Describe the importance of immunisation.
5. Recognise the child health card.
6. Identify immunisation scars.

Behavioural Changes

Pupils should:

· encourage their parents to take their younger brothers and sisters, to clinics to be immunised.

Main Ideas

· There are some diseases which kill children. Some of them can be prevented by immunisation.

· The bad effects of these diseases. Children become very sick, some die, others may be lame, and they can infect others.

· Immunisation and the health card. The card shows that children have been immunised.

· Some immunisations leave scars on the arm where they are given. TB leaves a scar. Smallpox used to leave a scar. Other vaccinations do not produce scars. Polio is given as oral drops (by mouth). Others are given by injection.

Notes for the Teacher

Many sicknesses are found in the home. Some are preventable by immunisation.

A person can be protected against a disease by immunisation. Antibodies are what protects against diseases. After immunisation, the body of a person produces these antibodies which offer protection for a long time. People who are immunised should not catch the diseases they are immunised against even if they get in contact with those who have the diseases. BCG immunisation scars can be found on the left upper arm.

For details of these diseases, see chapter 8. Other diseases can be prevented by good health habits.

Use of the Child Health Card for Immunisation

The first page of the child health card gives information on immunisation. It looks like this:

The child needs to go to the clinic several times to complete the immunisations. It starts with Polio I/BCG at birth.


Figure

When a child has had each immunisation the date is written in the space on the card (see above). BCG and measles only need one immunisation so the card is shaded.

The times when a child needs to go to the clinic for immunisation is on the following schedule.

For more information on the child health card see the booklet: "How to use the child health card" in the Primary School Health Kit on Immunisation.

SOME ACTIVITIES FOR PUPILS:

1. Look for scars on the body. Identify an immunisation scar.

2. Take the children to the clinic to see immunisation being given.

3. Show the children a health card. Show them where the names and ages are written, and also where the health worker writes a number of doses the child has got.

4. Ask children to find out from their parents, if they are immunised fully. They should also ask what immunisation they were given. Ask them to see their child health cards and those of their brothers and sisters.

5. Make a child health immunisation birthday card for new babies.


Figure

SKILLS TO DEVELOP:

1. Following instructions.
2. Observation.
3. Drawing.

MATERIALS REQUIRED:

1. Health card
2. Walking stick
3. Posters of healthy children
4. School health kit on immunisation

EVALUATION:

1. Testing knowledge.
2. Report back after finding out who is immunised at home.
3. Observe those who fall sick.

FOLLOW-UP

Find out which children have younger brothers and sisters and ask to see their Child Health Cards.

TEST YOURSELF:

(What have you learned from this chapter?)

1. What does the child health card show?
2. Which immunisations leave a scar? Where?
3. Which immunisation is given as oral drops?
4. What does the body produce after immunisation?
5. How old will a child be when all the immunisations are complete?