|Basic Science and Health Education for Primary Schools, Uganda (UNICEF, 1992, 162 p.)|
UNIT 6 OUR HEALTH
P2 TERM 1
By the end of this topic pupils should be able to:
1. Explain the importance of using clean things.
2. Describe proper ways of:
(a) Washing plates, cups, etc.
(d) Keeping cleaned things clean.
· keep their homes and things within them clean.
· Always use clean utensils.
· Wash handkerchiefs often.
· Wear Clean uniform to school.
a) The importance of keeping things we use in our homes clean.
b) Dangers of using dirty things.
c) How to clean things we use in our homes.
· Dirty things spread diseases.
· Use clean things to avoid diseases.
· Wash hands before handling food to avoid getting sick.
· Put beddings out in the sun often to kill germs.
· Clean floor daily to keep away insects and dirt.
Notes for the Teacher
In P1 pupils learned that dirty things keep germs which cause diseases. Flies land or settle on these dirty things and carry germs away with them to:
1. Our food, causing illness such as diarrhoea.
2. Our eyes, causing eye disease.
We should cover food to keep flies away.
We should wash hands to get rid of germs.
To keep things clean (e.g. beddings, clothes, floors, utensils) you should wash them with soap and water.
· Wearing dirty clothes can cause skin diseases.
· If children wet their beds, wash the bedding and put the beddings out in the sun.
· Children usually grow out of bed - wetting, so do not punish them.
· Encourage children to work together in cleaning activities.
· Cleaned things should be kept:
a) off the floor
b) where children cannot reach them.
c) where dust will not make them dirty again.
Such a place should be a cupboard or a rack.
SOME ACTIVITIES FOR PUPILS:
1. Tell stories of one who used clean clothes and another who used dirty clothes, and got skin diseases.
2. Show pupils proper ways of washing clothes (uniform).
3. Practise proper ways of cleaning and scrubbing floors using the pupils' classroom.
4. Provide water for washing hands before handling food and after eating.
5. If children wet their beds, wash the beddings and put the beddings out in the sun.
6. Make plate stands/drying rack/racks for food with pupils at the school (work with older pupils).
7. Make a picture quiz.
Draw cleaning objects e.g. bucket, brush.
Let children pick out which of them cleans what.
SKILLS TO DEVELOP:
Materials for cleaning: Water, basins, soap, scrubbing brushes, brooms
Utensils for demonstration: Cups, plates, forks, spoons, saucepans
Clothing and bedding: Uniform, bedding and handkerchiefs.
1. At school inspect pupil's uniform everyday particularly on Mondays to see whether they are properly washed.
2. Older pupils can inspect the young ones (Child-to-Child) and report to the teacher for appropriate correction.
3. Oral tests on the importance of using clean things as well as how to keep utensils, clothes and hands clean.
Teacher may visit some pupils' homes to see how they are practising what they have learnt.
(What have you learned from this chapter?)
1. What causes disease?
2. What should we do to keep flies away from our food?
3. How should we clean a) beddings, b) clothes, c) floors, d) utensils?
4. How do we keep cleaned things clean?