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close this bookBasic Science and Health Education for Primary Schools, Uganda (UNICEF, 1992, 162 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentForeword
View the documentLinking Volume 1 and 2 of Basic Science and Health Education Teacher's Guide
Open this folder and view contentsIntroduction to Book
View the documentCHAPTER 1. My Health and Other People's
View the documentCHAPTER 2. Caring for Our Bodies
View the documentCHAPTER 3. Causes of Accidents
View the documentCHAPTER 4. Names and Sources of Food
View the documentCHAPTER 5. The Importance of Immunisation
View the documentCHAPTER 6. Cleaning Things We Use
View the documentCHAPTER 7. Family Relationships and Interactions
View the documentCHAPTER 8. The Six Immunisable Diseases
View the documentCHAPTER 9. Food Hygiene
View the documentCHAPTER 10. Helping Others to Keep Healthy
View the documentCHAPTER 11. Worms, Diarrhoea and Dehydration
View the documentCHAPTER 12. Safety and Accident Prevention
View the documentCHAPTER 13. Germs and Prevention of Disease
View the documentCHAPTER 14. Working together for Good Health
View the documentCHAPTER 15. Topic: Keeping Clean
View the documentCHAPTER 16. Malaria, Trachoma and Sleeping Sickness
View the documentCHAPTER 17. First Aid for Common Accidents
View the documentCHAPTER 18. Food Preservation and Contamination
View the documentCHAPTER 19. Injuries and Their Care
View the documentCHAPTER 20. Digestive System
View the documentCHAPTER 21. Nutrition, Health and Disease
View the documentCHAPTER 22. Worms

CHAPTER 12. Safety and Accident Prevention

UNIT 15 ACCIDENTS AND FIRST AID
P 2 TERM 3

Objectives:

By the end of this topic, children should be able to:

1. Define "Safety".
2. List the types of accidents that commonly occur at home and at school.
3. Describe how each accident can be prevented.

Behavioural Changes:

Pupils should:

· Avoid playing near fires, water, in a bush and with electric appliances in homes.

· Keep away from medicines which have not been given to them by an adult.

· Bigger children help to keep smaller children away from fire, wells, hanging electric wires, climbing trees, bushes and medicines.

· Report broken bottles and have them removed from compounds at home and school.

Sub Topics:

a) Meaning of "Safety".
b) The types of common accidents.
c) Prevention of common accidents.

Main Ideas:

1. "Safety" means freedom from danger.

2. Common injuries from accidents at home and school are burns, fractures, cuts, near-drowning, bites and stings, poisoning, electrical injuries, and bleeding from nose (epistaxis).

3. Prevention of accidents is very important and should be the responsibility of everyone.


Figure

Notes for the Teacher

What is Safety?

Many accidents can be prevented by making everyone aware and avoid those situations which are likely to result in accidents. Safety means freedom from danger. We keep ourselves safe by avoiding accidents. We make ourselves safe by avoiding accidents. We make places safe by keeping them free from dangerous things which would cause harm.

Safety at Home and School:

We can keep home and school safe by preventing accidents. Common accidents and how to prevent them are explained in chapter on causes of accidents.

Find out what children know and revise the material in chapter 3 on causes of accidents.

In this topic, emphasise how children can help others prevent accidents and keep safe, e.g.

- Crossing the road.
- Playing in safe places.
- Avoid putting beads or other objects in nose, mouth and ears.
- Keeping medicines out of children's reach.


SCHOOL


CROSS ROADS


UNEVEN ROAD


UNGUARDED RAIL CROSSING


DANGER AHEAD


ROUNDABOUT


NARROW BRIDGE


NO SMOKING


ROAD BEND TO RIGHT


ZEBRA CROSSING

SOME ACTIVITIES FOR PUPILS:

1. Refer to methods/activities in chapter 3 and choose those which help you revise the topic.

2. Let children relate accidents that have happened and discuss how they could have been prevented.

3. Let each child teach a child from P1 how to cross the road safely.

SKILLS TO DEVELOP:

Observation, recording, describing, drawing.

MATERIALS REQUIRED:

Pictures of places where accidents happen.

EVALUATION:

Question and answer. Observe them teaching another child how to cross the road.

TEST YOURSELF:

(What have you learnt from this chapter?)

1. What do you understand by the word "Safety"?
2. List the type of accidents that commonly occur:

a) at home
b) at school

3. How can these be prevented?