|Basic Science and Health Education for Primary Schools, Uganda (UNICEF, 1992, 162 p.)|
UNIT 6 OUR HEALTH
P. 3 TERM 2
By the end of this topic pupils should be able to:
1. Give reasons why we wash hands.
· Wash hands before and after meals and after using the toilet.
· Wash utensils, clothes, beddings and uniforms and dry them.
· Come to school with clean bodies and uniforms.
a) Keeping our bodies clean - why and how?
b) Keeping beddings and utensils clean - why and how?
· We wash hands to remove dirt.
· Dirty hands keep germs.
· Germs cause diseases.
· We must wash our bodies everyday to avoid diseases.
· We must wash hands before and after meals.
· Wash hands after using the toilet.
· Dirty clothes smell badly and may spread skin diseases.
· Wash clothes and utensils using soap and water to remove dirt and germs.
· Clothes and beddings should be dried in the sun to kill germs.
Notes for the Teacher:
Germs live on dirty hands, clothes, beddings and utensils. Dirty clothes and beddings smell badly and may spread skin diseases like scabies and ring worms.
Scabies is caused by a mite which produces an itchy rash on the skin.
The rash is most common on wrists between fingers, around waist and on genitals.
Hands, clothes, beddings, and utensils should be washed with soap and water to remove germs. To avoid germs is to avoid disease. Always use clean utensils. Putting our beddings in the sunlight will kill germs.
For care of teeth and washing our bodies see chapter 2.
SOME ACTIVITIES FOR PUPILS:
1. Teacher shows children proper ways of washing hands by using her hands or one of the class pupils. After demonstration, let each child practise washing hands. Provide them with clean water and soap.
2. In another lesson, Teacher shows pupils how to wash their uniform, paying attention to stains, armpits, seams.
3. Using some school or class cups, plates, forks and spoons, teacher demonstrates proper ways of washing and drying these items. Then let children wash their cups, plates, etc.
4. Old pupils should help teach the young ones how to wash utensils.
For brushing teeth and washing the body see activities in chapter 2.
5. Children go to a house with a drying rack and learn how to use it.
SKILLS TO DEVELOP:
2. Following instructions.
3. Sweeping e,g, bedrooms.
4. Making a bed.
5. Washing the uniform.
Water, small sticks, tooth paste, soap, basins, etc.
1. Teacher gives oral questions to enable children tell why and when they should wash their bodies, uniforms and utensils.
2. Occasional visits to pupils homes to find out whether children practise what is learnt at school are necessary.
1. Twinning of the young children with old ones in order to carry out health parades. (Child to child)
2. Teacher conducts health parades to observe and check on pupils' cleanliness of hands, hair, nails, and other parts of the body and uniform.
(What have you learnt from this chapter?)
1. Give reasons why we wash our hands.
2. Give the three most important times when to wash our hands.
3. How can you kill germs on bedding?
4. Name two skin diseases caused by germs.