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close this bookBasic Science and Health Education for Primary Schools, Uganda (UNICEF, 1992, 162 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentForeword
View the documentLinking Volume 1 and 2 of Basic Science and Health Education Teacher's Guide
Open this folder and view contentsIntroduction to Book
View the documentCHAPTER 1. My Health and Other People's
View the documentCHAPTER 2. Caring for Our Bodies
View the documentCHAPTER 3. Causes of Accidents
View the documentCHAPTER 4. Names and Sources of Food
View the documentCHAPTER 5. The Importance of Immunisation
View the documentCHAPTER 6. Cleaning Things We Use
View the documentCHAPTER 7. Family Relationships and Interactions
View the documentCHAPTER 8. The Six Immunisable Diseases
View the documentCHAPTER 9. Food Hygiene
View the documentCHAPTER 10. Helping Others to Keep Healthy
View the documentCHAPTER 11. Worms, Diarrhoea and Dehydration
View the documentCHAPTER 12. Safety and Accident Prevention
View the documentCHAPTER 13. Germs and Prevention of Disease
View the documentCHAPTER 14. Working together for Good Health
View the documentCHAPTER 15. Topic: Keeping Clean
View the documentCHAPTER 16. Malaria, Trachoma and Sleeping Sickness
View the documentCHAPTER 17. First Aid for Common Accidents
View the documentCHAPTER 18. Food Preservation and Contamination
View the documentCHAPTER 19. Injuries and Their Care
View the documentCHAPTER 20. Digestive System
View the documentCHAPTER 21. Nutrition, Health and Disease
View the documentCHAPTER 22. Worms

CHAPTER 3. Causes of Accidents

UNIT 15 ACCIDENTS AND FIRST AID
P1 TERM 2

Objectives:

By the end of this topic, children should be able to:

1. Describe what an accident is.
2. Describe what First Aid is.
3. Name places where accidents commonly take place.
4. Mention ways of preventing accidents at home, on the way to school, at school, and at the well.
5. Name animals and insects that bite and those that sting.
6. Explain ways of preventing bites and stings.

Behavioural Changes

Pupils should:

· Know and observe rules of crossing and walking on roads.
· Avoid situations that are likely to cause accidents.

Main Ideas

· An accident is a sudden happening that causes harm to the body suddenly and unexpectedly.

· Accidents can take place any where, but they commonly occur at home, on the way to school, at school or at the well/river/lake.

· Accidents can be caused by fire, hot water, broken bottles, vehicles and bicycles, and drinking poison.

· All accidents can be prevented.

· Bites and stings (from some animals and insects) are harmful and can be prevented.

· First Aid is the first help given to a person who is injured before taking them to a health centre or hospital.

Notes for the Teacher

WHAT IS AN ACCIDENT ?

An accident is something harmful and takes place suddenly and unexpectedly. Accidents may result in simple injuries to the body like bruises and cuts. But they may also result in major complications like broken bones with heavy bleeding, failure to breathe, unconsciousness, or even death.

FIRST AID

People who have been involved in accidents need assistance. Such assistance is called First Aid. It is the first help given to a person to reduce pain, assist recovery or save life.

Accidents at Home and School

a) Falling into fire (fireplace or stove) will cause burns.

b) Spilling hot liquids and food (saucepan being pulled over) causes scalds.

c) Touching electric wires causes shock, breathing stops, heart stops, - death



Figure
d) Sharp instruments cause cuts


Figure
e) Swallowing poison drugs, Kerosene, rat poison etc. can cause death

f) Falling from trees can cause broken bones and cuts.



Figure
g) Dogs can carry rabies.


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h) Stings can cause pain.


Figure

Accidents on the roads.

1. Motor vehicles can cause serious injury and death.
2. Bicycles can cause broken bones, cuts, and death.

Accidents at the well river/lake.

1. Falling in can cause drawning and death.


Figure

Preventing Accidents

1. AT HOME


Figure

Keep away from fires.

Keep cooking pots and hot foods away from children.

Keep away from loose electric wires and plugs.

Keep away from electrical wires, plugs, sockets or switches when you are wet. Electricity can be conducted through water.

Use knives with great care.

Make sure that broken bottles are cleared from where people walk or play.

Put empty bottles in a safe place.

Only take medicines when given by an adult.

Climbing trees are very dangerous. Keep away from dogs.

Play away from long grass to avoid snakes.

Avoid bees or other stinging insects.

2. ON THE ROAD

Look before you cross the road.

Play away from the road.

Take care when riding a bicycle.

3. AT THE WELL

Play away from wells and ponds/rivers/lakes.

Take care when drawing water.

SOME ACTIVITIES FOR PUPILS:

a) Show pictures to pupils for them to identify different types of accidents.

b) Visit homes, school compounds, roads, and wells to identify places where accidents can take place. Let children explain or show how to prevent accidents at these places.

c) Let children draw a map of their compound and show places where accidents can occur.

d) Show pictures of animals and insects so that children identify those that bite and those that sting. The teacher can also show dead insects that sting.

e) Tell short stories and sing songs about accidents and First Aid.

SKILLS TO DEVELOP:

Interpretation of pictures
Drawing
Mapping
Observation
Describing

MATERIALS REQUIRED:

Pictures showing accidents e.g. at home, on the road, etc.
Pictures of animals and insects which bite and sting.
Stories and songs about accidents and first aid.

EVALUATION:

Give children a picture quiz on accident sites and animals that bite and sting.

Which place could accidents happen?


Figure

Which animal bites or stings?


Figure

FOLLOW UP

1. Form School Health Committees. Choose health leaders to organise making the classroom and school safe.

2. Children should report accidents that they have seen.

3. Organise health parades to identify children with bruises, burns and cuts.

4. Children should report where there are biting or stinging creatures.

TEST YOURSELF:

(What have you learned from this chapter?)

1. Define First Aid.

2. List 9 ways of preventing accidents at home.

3. Give 3 rules for safety on the road.

4. List 2 ways of keeping safe at the well/river/lake.