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close this bookHealth Education Syllabus Grade III Teachers' College In Uganda (SHEP, 63 p.)
View the documentFOREWORD
View the documentINTRODUCTION
View the documentUNIT ONE: OUR HEALTH
View the documentUNIT TWO: AIR, WATER AND SANITATION
View the documentUNIT THREE: BODY SYSTEMS
View the documentUNIT FOUR: FOOD AND NUTRITION
View the documentUNIT FIVE: SAFETY, ACCIDENTS, POISONING AND FIRST AID
View the documentUNIT SIX: ORIENTATION TO SCHOOL WORK I
View the documentUNIT SEVEN: TEACHING PRACTICE I
View the documentUNIT EIGHT: DISEASES
View the documentUNIT NINE: AIDS
View the documentUNIT TEN: ORAL HEALTH
View the documentUNIT ELEVEN: MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH
View the documentUNIT TWELVE: IMMUNIZATION
View the documentUNIT THIRTEEN: FAMILY HEALTH AND SOCIAL PROBLEMS
View the documentUNIT FOURTEEN: ESSENTIAL DRUGS AND DRUG USE
View the documentUNIT FIFTEEN: TRADITIONAL PRACTICES OF MEDICINE
View the documentUNIT SIXTEEN: PRIMARY HEALTH CARE
View the documentUNIT SEVENTEEN: METHODS AND APPROACHES OF TEACHING HEALTH EDUCATION IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS
View the documentUNIT EIGHTEEN: ORIENTATION TO SCHOOL WORK II
View the documentUNIT NINETEEN: TEACHING PRACTICE II

UNIT EIGHT: DISEASES

OBJECTIVES

By the end of this Unit, students should be able to:

1. Explain the basic concept of disease
2. Classify common diseases.
3. Identify the causes of common disease.
4. Discuss methods of spread and control of common diseases.
5. Demonstrate methods of prevention of common disease.
6. Outline the socio economic effects of diseases.
7. Demonstrate methods of teaching the topics in this Unit.

TOPICS

1. Concept of disease.

Causes of disease, infection, infestation and germs.

2. Causes of Disease

(a) Biological Agents e.g. virus, bacteria, protozoa, fungi.
(b) Chemical agents e.g. pesticides dust, poisons, tobacco
(c) Physical agents e.g. radiation, noise, physical injuries
(d) Body-system malfunction e.g. cancers, Hypertension, allergies.
(e) Genetic causes e.g. sickle cell anaemia, epilepsy, some cancers, Haemophilia.

3. Classification of Disease, their signs and symptoms:

1.

Communicable Diseases.


(a)

Air borne

- Transmission, Prevention and proper management
e.g. T.B. measles, meningitis


(b)

Water-borne

- Transmission, Prevention and proper management
e.g. Typhoid, cholera


(c)

S.T.Ds (sexually transmitted)

- Transmission, prevention and proper management
e.g. H.I.V. syphilis, gonorrhoea.


(d)

Contagious (by contact)

- Transmission, prevention and proper management
e.g. leprosy, ring worm, scabies.


(e)

Infestation

- Transmission, prevention and proper management.
e.g. guinea worm, filariasis, (elephantiasis)
Schistosomiasis, hookworms, Ascaris, tape worms.


(f)

Vector Transmitted

- Transmission, prevention and proper management
e.g. malaria (by mosquitoes), sleeping sickness (by teste flies), typhus fever (lices), river blindness (by blackfly), diarrhoeal diseases (by housefly).

2. Non - Communicable Diseases, their signs and symptoms


(a)

Nutritional deficiencies

- prevention and management
e.g. kwashiorkor, marasmus, goitre


(b)

Genetic abnormalities

- prevention and management
e.g. sickle cell , haemophilia


(c)

Allergies

- prevention and management
e.g. asthma


(d)

Body-malfunction

- prevention and management
e.g. cancers, goiter, diabetes, hypertension, epilepsy.


(e)

Accident and poisoning

- prevention and proper management
e.g burns.


(f)

Others e.g.

- prevention and proper management gastric ulcers, heart burn etc. .

4. Special methods of disease Prevention and control:

(a) Completed childhood Immunization
(b) Proper Nutrition
(c) Proper Hygiene
(d) Health Education

5. Socio Economic effects of Disease

(a) on the individual
(b) on the family
(c) on the community e.g.

- expenses (cost of treatment)
- isolation (e.g. AIDS patient)
- loss of employment
- family instability
- inability to do work (debility) etc.

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES

- Discussion
- Brainstorming
- Demonstration of control methods
- Role play
- Poems, Rhyms and songs
- Observation and recording - signs of diseases.

REFERENCE BOOKS

- Basic Science and Health, Education Teacher’s Guide UNICEF

- Primary Health by Longman

- Happy Healthy children by Macmillan