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close this bookHealth Education Syllabus Grade III Teachers' College In Uganda (SHEP, 63 p.)
View the documentFOREWORD
View the documentINTRODUCTION
View the documentUNIT ONE: OUR HEALTH
View the documentUNIT TWO: AIR, WATER AND SANITATION
View the documentUNIT THREE: BODY SYSTEMS
View the documentUNIT FOUR: FOOD AND NUTRITION
View the documentUNIT FIVE: SAFETY, ACCIDENTS, POISONING AND FIRST AID
View the documentUNIT SIX: ORIENTATION TO SCHOOL WORK I
View the documentUNIT SEVEN: TEACHING PRACTICE I
View the documentUNIT EIGHT: DISEASES
View the documentUNIT NINE: AIDS
View the documentUNIT TEN: ORAL HEALTH
View the documentUNIT ELEVEN: MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH
View the documentUNIT TWELVE: IMMUNIZATION
View the documentUNIT THIRTEEN: FAMILY HEALTH AND SOCIAL PROBLEMS
View the documentUNIT FOURTEEN: ESSENTIAL DRUGS AND DRUG USE
View the documentUNIT FIFTEEN: TRADITIONAL PRACTICES OF MEDICINE
View the documentUNIT SIXTEEN: PRIMARY HEALTH CARE
View the documentUNIT SEVENTEEN: METHODS AND APPROACHES OF TEACHING HEALTH EDUCATION IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS
View the documentUNIT EIGHTEEN: ORIENTATION TO SCHOOL WORK II
View the documentUNIT NINETEEN: TEACHING PRACTICE II

UNIT TEN: ORAL HEALTH

OBJECTIVES

By the end of this unit, students should be able to:

1. List the structures and organs found in the mouth and outline their functions.

2. Differentiate between “milk” and permanent teeth, and outline the nutritional elements required for their healthy development and maintenance.

3. Draw and describe the structure of a tooth and name its parts.

4. Explain the causes and effects of tooth decay.

5. Give the characteristics of healthy gums and describe the symptoms of affected gums.

6. Demonstrate the daily practices that lead to healthy gums and teeth.

7. Give an account of other mouth problems and their remedies.

8. Explain how cultural beliefs and practices concerned with the mouth arose and how they affect oral health.

TOPIC

1. Structures present in the mouth and their functions.

(a)

teeth

- biting and chewing

(b)

gums

- cover and protect roots of teeth

(c)

tongue

- tastes, food manipulation and speech

(d)

tonsils

- defence of mouth against bacteria.

(e)

palate

- separates mouth from nasal cavity

(f)

mouth lining

- lubricates the mouth and protects underlying glands.

2. Milk teeth and permanent teeth.

(a) including correct nutrition for their formation and development
(b) The structure of a tooth

3. Tooth decay

(a) what it means, and the stages of decay
(b) causes of tooth decay.
(c) effects on general health
(d) prevention of tooth decay

4. Gums

(a) healthy gums
(b) gum diseases and their prevention

5. Tooth and gum care.

(a) toothbrushes - manufactured and local
(b) toothpastes - commercial and home made.
(c) the correct way to brush teeth
(d) food for healthy teeth
(e) use of fluoride in prevention of tooth decay.

6. Other mouth problems and their remedies.

(a) bad breath
(b) mouth ulcers
(c) thrush
(d) inherited problem: cleft palate and hare lip
(e) injuries including broken and cracked teeth, bitter tongue.
(f) tumours (mouth cancer)

7. Cultural beliefs and practices e.g. false teeth

(a) their origins and purpose
(b) their advantages and disadvantages.

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES/METHODS

- Display of mammalian mouth
- Identifying different structures in the mouth
- Construction of suitable teaching/learning aids
- Demonstration of oral health practices.