|Health Education Syllabus Grade III Teachers' College In Uganda (SHEP, 63 p.)|
By the end of this unit, students should be able
1. Explain the role of vaccines and antibodies in producing immunity in the body.
2. Explain the three ways of acquiring immunity against some diseases.
3. Name the diseases children and adults should be immunised against and the appropriate times when they should be immunised.
4. State how vaccines and antibodies are administered and the sites of immunisation on the body.
5. Explain the importance of cold chain on the efficacy of vaccines.
6. List the kinds of information to be filled in on childrens Health Cards.
7. Discuss the role of the individual, the family and the community in the promotion of immunisation activities.
1. Immunity and Immunisation
- Antibody cells and their reactions to antigens and toxins produced by germs (antibodies and antitoxins).
- Vaccines as substances which cause the body to produce antibodies resulting into immunity.
- Immunisation using ready made antibodies and production of antibodies against harmless substances by the body (allergies).
- Different ways of acquiring immunity and their importance.
2. Immunisable Diseases
- Immunisation of children against the six killer diseases.
- Immunisation against ribella, meningitis, cholera, typhoid, yellow fever, tetanus etc.
- Importance of boosters.
- The importance of immunisation schedules and record keeping.
- Importance of nutritional status and hygiene on the effectiveness of the vaccine.
- Importance of cold chain on the efficacy of vaccines.
- Importance of isolation in the case of mumps, measles and chicken pox.
3. Promotion of Immunisation Programmes
- Importance of he family, school, community and the individual in promoting immunisation activities/programmes.
- The role of Ministry of Health and other Governmental organisation like UNEP in the promotion of immunisation programmes
- Requirement and importance of immunisation in prevention of spread of immunisable diseases from country to country.
- Role play; use of the immunisation play kit.
- Field trips and excursions e.g. to clinics
- Use game kit; immunisation snakes and ladder game.
- Songs and rhymes
- Talks by resource persons by e.g. doctors, nurses etc..
- Poems and recitations.
- Inspection of Immunisation scars on children
- Tests and questions
- Filling in immunisation form
- Immunization kit
- Child health card
- UNICEF, WHO UNESCO; Facts of Life
- Primary School Health Kit on Immunization
- Basic Primary Science and Health for Uganda Teachers. Guide Vol. I