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close this bookHealth Education Syllabus Grade III Teachers' College In Uganda (SHEP, 63 p.)
View the documentFOREWORD
View the documentINTRODUCTION
View the documentUNIT ONE: OUR HEALTH
View the documentUNIT TWO: AIR, WATER AND SANITATION
View the documentUNIT THREE: BODY SYSTEMS
View the documentUNIT FOUR: FOOD AND NUTRITION
View the documentUNIT FIVE: SAFETY, ACCIDENTS, POISONING AND FIRST AID
View the documentUNIT SIX: ORIENTATION TO SCHOOL WORK I
View the documentUNIT SEVEN: TEACHING PRACTICE I
View the documentUNIT EIGHT: DISEASES
View the documentUNIT NINE: AIDS
View the documentUNIT TEN: ORAL HEALTH
View the documentUNIT ELEVEN: MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH
View the documentUNIT TWELVE: IMMUNIZATION
View the documentUNIT THIRTEEN: FAMILY HEALTH AND SOCIAL PROBLEMS
View the documentUNIT FOURTEEN: ESSENTIAL DRUGS AND DRUG USE
View the documentUNIT FIFTEEN: TRADITIONAL PRACTICES OF MEDICINE
View the documentUNIT SIXTEEN: PRIMARY HEALTH CARE
View the documentUNIT SEVENTEEN: METHODS AND APPROACHES OF TEACHING HEALTH EDUCATION IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS
View the documentUNIT EIGHTEEN: ORIENTATION TO SCHOOL WORK II
View the documentUNIT NINETEEN: TEACHING PRACTICE II

UNIT TWO: AIR, WATER AND SANITATION

I. UNIT OBJECTIVES

By the end of this unit, students should be able to:

1. Explain the importance of fresh air and water to life.

2. Describe ways of ensuring safe water supply in the family and the community.

3. Explain the role of sanitation in provision of a healthy environment.

4. Describe ways of providing good sanitation with respect to housing, and show its importance to personal and community hygiene.

5. Identify and practice good methods of teaching the subject to primary school pupils.

II. TOPICS

1 AIR

(a) What is air?
(b) Role of air in the maintenance of life in relationship to our environment.

(i) In plants:

- the role of plants in air cycle
- plants as primary producers of food because of photosynthesis.

(ii) In animals and human beings

- importance of oxygen in respiration

- the respiratory tract (structure and function in cleaning the air)

- gaseous exchange (oxygen and carbondioxide) between the animals’ body and the atmosphere.

- the danger of carbon monoxide.

(c) Provision of fresh air in the home:-

(i) Ventilation/what is fresh air?
(ii) Aeration of the house during the day
(iii) Care for the children, sick and elderly
(iv) Dangers of overcrowding:

- inadequate fresh air supply
- pollution of the air
- spread of respiratory diseases
- sickle cell anemia

(v) The kitchen construction in relation to fresh air supply
(vi) Importance or ventilation in Latrines (VIP)

(d) Air Pollution

- by industries
- by traffic particularly in urban areas
- by farming systems (bush burning and animal manure)
- dangers to health


2. WATER

(a) Importance of water to life and our environment
(b) Functions of water in the human body; need for frequent water intake.

- medium for chemical reactions in the body
- transportation of food substances and removal of wastes
- temperature regulation

(c) The water cycle

(i) the cycle
(ii) importance of the components

- vegetation
- water bodies
- man’s activities and responsibility

(d) Sources of water and how the water can be made safe for human use.

(i) Rain water

(ii) Surface water (ponds, dams and valley tanks).

(iii) River, lake and sea water

(iv) Under ground water (springs and deep wells) clean but sometimes hard water, but contain essential minerals.

(e) Treatment and provision of safe water:

(i) Characteristics of safe water
(ii) Provision of safe water in a home
(iii) Provision of safe water in urban centers
(iv) Removing hardiness from water

(f) Water pollutants and their effects on health.

(i) Industrial wastes
(ii) Sediments from the air
(iii) Animal and bird wastes particularly where animals and humans share the same source
(iv) Contamination by human beings
(v) Run off rain water.

(g) Diseases related to water; their causes and prevention.

(i) Water-borne

- dysentery
- diarrhoea
- typhoid
- cholera
- hepatitis
- guinea worms

(ii) Water based vector transmitted diseases

- malaria
- filaria worms
- river blindness
- bilharzia

(iii) Water - washed (those caused by being dirty)

- eye infections
- scabies
- lice

(h) Protection, construction, role and organisation of the community in maintenance of water sources.

(i) spring
(ii) deep well
(iii) bore holes
(vi) valley dams, water tanks.

SANITATION

(a) Definition and role of sanitation in maintenance of health (waste disposal)

(b) Types of wastes; their dangers and disposal.

(i) Industrial wastes i.e. brewery and textile industrial wastes.
(ii) In Urban centers

- solid wastes
- liquid wastes (sewage)

(iii) In homes;

- kitchen wastes (liquid and solid)
- human wastes
- livestock waste

(c) Housing;

(i) The role of sanitation in good housin.
(ii) Qualities of a good house and lighting a house
(iii) Importance of good light in a housejpise
(iv) Effect of bad housing on health

(d) Control of vectors

(i) What is a vector? Vectors and the diseases transmitted.
(ii) Vectors and their control;

- mosquito
- tsetse fly
- fleas and lice
- rodents

(e) Control of parasites (lice, jiggers, bedbugs etc.)

EVALUATION

- Oral questions
- Written exercises
- Observation of activities
- Practical work.

SUGGESTED REFERENCES

- Food and Nutrition in Practice by J.N. Anazono bell

- Basic Primary Science and Health for Uganda, Teachers Guide, Health- Education Vol. 2 for Primary 5, 6 and 7.

- Mubende Integrated Teacher Education Project (MITEP) 1992.

- Science and Health Education modules SH/1, SH/3 and SH/4

- Health Kit-Water & Sanitation, Ministry of Education

- Demonstration e.g. experiment of water cycle

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES

- Discussion e.g. Importance of water
- Field trips/excursions to weather station, water sources
- Project - cleaning water source
- Design, construction maintaining VIP latrine
- Dramatization
- Role play
- Resource personnel
- Tree planting
- Microteaching
- Recitations/rymes/songs