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close this bookAlternative Techniques - For Teaching about HIV/AIDS in the Classroom (Peace Corps, 1996, 205 p.)
close this folderTransmission games
View the documentWho has the AIDS virus?
View the documentThe spreading of communicable disease
View the documentShaking STD's
View the documentThe AIDS risk game
View the documentAIDS problem situations
View the documentChain of communicable disease game

The spreading of communicable disease

· To illustrate how STD's (1) are transmitted, (2) are not transmitted, and (3) ways to reduce risks of infection.

Target Group:
· Secondary school students, Teachers, Community Groups, Health Care Workers

Group Size:
· 15 to 300

· Small blank slips of paper, prevention behavior slips, and risk and infection slips.

· Prepare status" slips for the following: (Example for 150 participants)

Prevention behavior

Risk and Infection

Use condoms everytime






infected with HIV**




children not yet at risk


Use drugs but clean needles beforehand


*risk slips really serve no purpose other than to give all participants the same number of slips and to let these participants know that they are at risk as well. Risk slips may be labeled more specifically, e.g. "partner looked clean" or "only shared a needle once," etc.

**For younger groups, infected with HIV can be replaced with, for example, infected with the measles, then change the other slips accordingly. Students learn how diseases are transmitted through a population.

· 20 minutes

· Divide the participants into four groups and pass out the blank slips of paper. On the paper, the players must write three names. If a player is in group I, he/she must write the name of one person from groups II, m, and IV. If a player is in group II, he/she must write the name of one person from groups m, IV, and I. If a player is in group m, he/she must write the name of one person from IV, I, and II. And, if the player is in group IV, s/he must write the name of one person from groups I, 11, and m.

· Pass out folded prevention behavior and risk and infection slips and ask the participants not to read them yet. Explain to the participants that they represent a population and that any number of a population is at risk of infection with diseases if anyone else in the population is already infected. Have the participants who have received the slip "Infected with HIV" raise their hands. Have these participants come to the front of the room. Give them reasons for their infection, e.g. too many partners, using dirty needles, infected by husband, etc. Have these students quickly read the names they have written on their slips of paper. Have the participants whose names were read come to the front of the room as they have been infected as well. Then ask the participants still sitting if they have any of the names of the participants who are standing at the front of the room written on their slips of paper. If they do, they must join the standing participants. This is repeated until all of the participants are standing.

· Then ask which of the participants have the slips "Abstinence". Explain that this is the best way to prevent sexually transmitted diseases and that they may take their seats. Then, ask the participants to raise their hands if they have the slip "Use condoms everytime". Explain that if they use condoms everytime they have sex they reduce the risk of being infected. These participants may sit down once again. Ask the participants if they have the slip "monogamy". Explain that there is little risk for disease if they have mutually monogamous partners. These participants may also sit down. If participants have the slip "children not yet at risk", they have not yet thought about having sexual intercourse or using drugs." They may sit down. Finally, if participants have the slips "use drugs but clean needles beforehand" they have also reduced their risk for infection and may also sit down.

· There will still be a sizeable number of participants standing. These participants represent those people in the population who are not yet informed about the transmission of STD's and HIV or choose not to follow the information that is available. Explain that some STD's are painful and dangerous to their health, and that treatment can take a long time. Mention that if they are infected by HIV, there is no cure.

· Have all of the players sit down and, by soliciting their answers, quickly review the transmission and prevention of HIV and STDs.