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close this bookJournal of the Network of African Countries on Local Building Materials and Technologies - Volume 1, Number 4 (HABITAT, 1991, 48 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentContributions to the Journal
View the documentForeword
View the documentHousing in Africa, problems, prospects and strategies*
View the documentKenya: Towards the development of a national code of practice for structural masonry - the Kenyan approach*
View the documentNigeria: Research and development in the promotion of standards and specifications for stabilized soil blocks*
View the documentEthiopia: Light-weight concrete made with Ethiopian pumice*
View the documentMauritius: Use of calcarenite blocks in housing construction in Rodrigues*
View the documentGhana: Optimum firing temperature for some clay bricks*
View the documentEthiopia: Construction of mud houses - an alternative to the traditional methods of house construction*
Open this folder and view contentsIndia: Technology profiles
View the documentPublications review
View the documentEvents
View the documentBack cover


UNIDO/UNCHS (Habitat) Second Consultation on the Building Materials Industry, Athens, Greece, 4-8 November 1991

More than 150 Government officials, representatives of industry, trade unions, NGOs and consumer groups from some 50 countries attended the Consultation, which was organized by the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) in cooperation with UNCHS (Habitat) and was hosted by the Greek Government. The Consultation, after reviewing new ways and means of increasing reliance on local building materials and their effective utilization; improving productivity and managerial skills; strengthening regional and international cooperation; and securing necessary investments and industrial partnerships, came up with specific conclusions and recommendations on selected issues for the development of the building-materials sector in developing countries. The meeting also discussed constraints in the production systems, transfer and adaptation of technology, the role of industrial cooperatives and industrial estates, and the policy implications of economic reforms currently under way in countries changing from a centrally-planned economy to the market-economy system.

International Conference and Exhibition on Affordable Housing for All in Developing Countries, Enugu, Nigeria, October 1991

The five-day Conference and Exhibition was organized by the Construction Industry Development Agency (CIDA) of Nigeria. The Agency was established in 1990 in Nigeria and has the mandate to stimulate and promote the advancement of the Building and Construction Industry (Bad) in developing countries. The specific areas of activities of the agency are: educational; standards and codes; industrial cooperation; and research and development. The Conference had the following objectives:

(a) Assemble key functionaries on a multidisciplinary platform and with an international spread to critically examine vital issues on affordable housing;

(b) Define crucial cost factors in the development of affordable housing;

(c) Formulate effective, pragmatic and socially acceptable strategies for the development of affordable housing;

(d) Document and disseminate the deliberations of the Conference.

During the Conference a number of presentations in the areas of policy, financing, codes, design and construction materials, were made. UNCHS (Habitat) presented a paper on “Strategies for affordable housing for all in developing countries - lessons and assistance from developed countries and international agencies”.

Sixth Meeting of the Joint Intergovernmental Regional Committee on Human Settlements and Environment, United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 4-8 March 1991

The five-day meeting organized by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa and attended by several high-ranking officials from some African countries as well as international organizations, discussed issues related to:

(a) Shelter, infrastructure and services in the rural areas;

(b) Trends and problems in the implementation in Africa of the Global Strategy for Shelter to the Year 2000;

(c) Regional Project on Building Materials Industry in Africa;

(d) Report of the implementation in Africa of the recommendations of the World Commission on Environment and Development;

(e) United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (Progress in the preparation of plans of action to combat desertification) and came up with specific conclusions and recommendations related to those issues.

Expert Group Meeting on the Formulation of National Shelter Strategies, Nairobi, Kenya, 4-8 November 1991

The severe shortcomings experienced in the delivery of shelter and services in most developing countries can be ascribed, to a large extent, to the inability of governments to formulate and implement successful sectoral strategies. Since 1980, UNCHS (Habitat) and the Government of Finland have collaborated in developing methodological guidelines which could assist countries in the preparation of shelter strategies.

Under this programme, methodological and technical support has been provided to six countries selected from three regions, in which activities to develop national shelter strategies have been initiated. The following countries have participated in the programme: Costa Rica, Indonesia, Nicaragua, the Philippines, Uganda and Zimbabwe.

The five-day meeting designed to develop recommendations for the improvement of the approach based on the experience of the individual countries came up with specific conclusions and recommendations on how to modify the present approach to make it replicable in other countries.


International Seminar-cum-Workshop on Cost-effective Building Materials and Technologies Transfer Mechanism and Production, Madras, India, 24 February - 6 March 1992

The Workshop will be organized by UNCHS (Habitat) in collaboration with the Housing and Urban Development Corporation (HUDCO), Madras, India. It is designed to:

(a) Identify all the options of building materials/technologies/techniques;

(b) Identify the bottle-necks in adoption of cost-effective and innovative building materials and systems;

(c) Arrive at action programmes for effective use of appropriate building materials and technologies;

(d) Adopt a replicable technology transfer mechanism;

(e) Evolve relevant strategies for production of building materials and components with suitable retail outlets.