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close this bookGATE - 3/90 - Conservation of Natural Resource (GTZ GATE, 1990, 36 p.)
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Documentation Made Easy

As a rule, libraries and documentation centres in smaller organizations and groups have to manage without trained librarians. The result is that the people to whom the job is entrusted have to rely on their own ideas and imagination. That is, they have to expend a great deal of time and effort on developing their own library organizations. This manual is addressed to them. It provides a wealth of practical hints based on the author's experience as a professional librarian.

Thus, in addition to many valuable tips on organization, formal documentation-author, title, publisher, year of publication, number of pages etc.-is explained and illustrated by examples. Equally important is the provision of information on the contents of documents, by means of a classification system and/or key words: both are discussed in detail and described via examples. Existing classification systems are also described. This is followed by a chapter on designing and producing index cards for catalogues, and establishing catalogues for different subject areas, to facilitate subsequent location of relevant documents. The hints on handling information media apart from books, e.g. periodicals, maps, photos, videos et. will no doubt prove especially useful in practice. Other chapters cover the procurement of documents, the allocation of shelf marks, and arrangement on the shelves. The book concludes with tips on setting up and furnishing a library.

The manual is highly practical, features an attractive typographical design, and includes many examples to facilitate understanding, making it a genuine textbook and guide.

The appendix includes a comprehensive glossary, a list of titles for further reading and a proposed classification system for smaller libraries focussing on rural development and appropriate technologies. A subject index is provided for quick reference.

Eva Philipps: "Documentation Made Easy. A Library Manual for Non-Governmental Organizations Specializing in Appropriate Technology and Rural Development." (Based on the work of GATE.) Vieweg Verlag, Braunschweig/Wiesbaden, 1990. 207 pp., illustrated. DM 29.80.

This new GATE publication described here may be ordered from booksellers or direct from the publishers:

Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn GmbH
P. O. Box 300620
5090 Leverkusen 3

The Preparation and Use of Compost

This completely revised edition starts with a brief description of the processes important in composting, and gives practical hints on making a good compost heap. A section on general aspects of composting is followed by a description of some methods used internationally, such as the Indore, Bangalore and heating process methods.

The advantages and disadvantages of composting are dealt with extensively, so that the booklet is useful as a guide when considering whether to start composting. It also discusses the practical use of compost in small-scale farming. A number of selected items are described in detail, e.g. the composting of vegetable garden waste, water plants, household refuse and seaweed, and the use of compost as fishfeed in intensive breeding ponds. These latter items, in particular, include some information which may be new to readers interested in more advanced composting.

M. Inckel, P de Smet, T Tersmette and T Veldkamp: 'AGRODOK 8: The Preparation and Use of Compost." ISBN 90-72746-04-X. Price Fl. 750, excluding postage. This AGRODOK is available in English and French.

How to Grow Tomato and Peppers

AGRODOK 17 is a complete description of how to grow tomatoes, peppers and paprika. This new booklet replaces the previous AGRODOKS 13 and 17, Capsicum Growing and Tomato Growing.

This manual is addressed to those who want to start growing - or already grow-these crops on a small scale in the tropics. While the text is easy to understand for those without an agricultural background, the booklet will also be a useful guide for agricultural experts.

All aspects of growing are discussed: where to grow tomatoes and peppers, cultivation practice, sowing, transplanting, pruning, combatting weeds, diseases and plagues, harvesting, and the production of sowing seed. Special attention has been given to biological alternatives to chemical fertilizers and pesticides. The booklet contains many illustrations and includes two tables of plant breeds, a list of seed producers and a bibliography with 34 references.

M. Amati, E. Dekkers, T van Lingen, E. Pinners and S. Chin A Tam:"AGRODOK 17: How to Grow Tomato and Peppers" ISBN 90-724746-09-0. Price Fl. 750, excluding postage. This AGRODOK is available in English and French.

Both publications can be ordered from
P. O. Box 41
6700 AA Wageningen
The Netherlands

Low-Cost Medicine Packaging

In many countries, medicines issued to patients at rural clinics and dispensaries often become dirty, damp or spoiled or are even lost, due to the inadequacy or lack of packaging. Tablets may be handed to patients either primitively wrapped in a piece of paper or not wrapped at all. It is sometimes impossible to dispense medicines in liquid form due to shortages of bottles or money with which to buy them.

This leaflet describes various kinds of packaging that can be either bought or made for medicines. It does not describe in detail how to make packaging but mentions where information can be obtained on making packaging that:

· uses low-cost equipment

· minimizes the skill needed to operate equipment so that, wherever possible, packaging can be made by unskilled workers

· is simple to produce and uses equipment that is robust, reliable and easy to maintain and repair

· wherever possible, uses low-cost or waste materials.

Jon Vogler: "Low-Cost- Medicine Packaging" Published by AHRTAG, 1990 25 pp., numerous illustrations. The leaflet may be ordered from AHRTAG Appropriate Health Resources and Technologies Action Group 1 London Bridge Street Londen SE1 9SG UK

Technology-What Difference Does It Make?

Technologie hin-Technologie her is the feature title given by the publishers of TRIALOG magazine (which is devoted to building design and construction in the Third World) to their issue no. 25. The ten articles it contains discuss problems associated with appropriate and traditional building technologies and report on attempts to overcome them. In addition to more theoretical articles, there are reports on the efficiency of "windcatchers", farmhouses in the Near East, and damage to health resulting from excessive use of artificial light.

Some of the articles are in German, the others in English. Issue no. 25 of TRIALOG costs DM 12.00 and may be ordered from

Magazin Verlag/TRlALOG-Vertrieb
Schweffelstra 6
2300 Kiel
Tel. 044 31/5658 99