|Non-formal Vocational Training Programmes for Disadvantaged Youth and their Insertion into the World of Work: Towards a Framework for Analysis and Evaluation (IIEP, 1999, 46 p.)|
Blanc, C. and contributors. 1994. Urban children in distress: global predicaments and innovative strategies. Florence: UNICEF; Yverdon (Switzerland): Gordon and Breach.
Blaug, M. 1973. Education and the employment problem in developing countries. Geneva: ILO.
Bowman, M. 1990. Overview essay: views from the past and the future. In: Economics of Education Review, Vol. 9, No. 4, pp. 283-307.
Charmes, J. 1990. A critical review of concepts, definitions and studies in the informal sector. In: The informal sector revisited, Ed. by Turnham, D. et al. Paris: OECD.
Corval O. 1984. Vocational training for disadvantaged youth in developing countries. Geneva: ILO Training Policies Discussion Paper No.8.
Corval O. 1985. Los programas de capacitacion para trabajadores del sector informal en America Latina. Informe de investigaciel IIEP, No. 53. Paris: UNESCO/IIEP.
Corval O. 1989. Training and self-help strategies for workers linked to the informal sector of the economy. In: Vocational training strategies to promote employment and self-help in the Third World. Ed. by Wallenborn, M. Mannheim: DSE/ZGB.
Dirven, M. 1995. Expectativas de la juventud y el desarrollo rural. In: Revista de la CEPAL. Naciones Unidas, No. 55, April 1995.
D'Souza, K.; Thomas, L. 1995. Case studies: India. In: Education and Training for the Informal Sector. Volume 2: Country Studies. Overseas Development Administration.
Ducci, M.A. 1988. Equity and productivity of vocational training - the Latin American experience, In: International Journal of Educational Development, Vol. 8, No.3, pp. 175-187, 1988.
Ducci, M.A. 1989. La Formacion Profesional en el Umbral de los 90. Un estudio de los cambios e innovaciones en las instituciones especializadas de America Latina. Cinterfor/OIT. (Vol.1).
Easton, P. et al. 1994. Asserting the educational rights of street and working children: lessons from the field. Report submitted to the Urban Section, UNICEF, New York, by the Center for Policy Studies in Education, The Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306.
Fluitman, F. (ed.) 1989. Training for work in the informal sector. Turin: ILO.
Fluitman, F. 1989b. Training for work in the informal sector: an agenda item for the 1990s. In Vocational training strategies to promote employment and self-help in the Third World. Ed. by Wallenborn, M. DSE/ZGB. Mannheim: Germany.
Fraser, B. et al. 1993. School reform and youth transition, Literature Review and Annotated Bibliography. Washington, D.C.: AED.
Goodale, G. 1989. Training for women in the informal sector. In: Training for work in the informal sector. Ed. by Fluitman, F. Turin: ILO.
Hallak, J.; Caillods, F. 1981. Education, training and the traditional sector. Fundamentals of Educational Planning series. No. 31. Paris: UNESCO/IIEP.
Hastoy, B. 1989. Les missions locales pour l'insertion professionnelle et sociale des jeunes en difficultapport au Ministre du travail, de l'emploi et de la formation professionnelle. Paris: Documentation franse.
ILO; UNDP. 1972. Employment, incomes and equality; a strategy for increasing productive employment in Kenya. Geneva: ILO.
ILO. 1991. The dilemma of the informal sector: report of the Director-General (Part 1). International Labour Conference, 78th Session, 1991. Geneva: ILO.
Ishumi, A. 1988. Vocational training as an educational and development strategy: conceptual and practical issues. In: International Journal of Educational Development, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 163-174.
Kanawaty, G.; Moura Castro, C. 1990. Towards an employment-oriented training policy: an agenda for action. ILO Discussion Paper No. 60. Geneva: ILO.
King, K. 1988. The new politics of job training and work training in Africa. In: International Journal of Educational Development, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 153-161.
King, K. 1988b. Training for the urban informal sector in developing countries: issues for practitioners. In: Adult Education and Development, No. 30, March 1988, pp. 243-298.
King, K. 1990. Emerging trends in Africa: a briefing note for new studies. In: The informal sector revisited. Ed. by Turnham, D. et al. Paris: OECD.
King, K. 1990b. The impact of structural adjustment on technical and vocational education and training systems. ILO Discussion Paper No. 64. Geneva: ILO.
Leonardos, A.C. 1995. Effective strategies and approaches for reaching street and working children through education: reviewing recent developments. Issues and methodologies in educational development, no. 12. Paris: UNESCO/IIEP.
McGrath, S. et al. 1995. Education and training for the informal sector. Overseas Development Administration, Vol.1, serial No. 11.
McLaughlin, S. 1990. Skill training for the informal sector: analysing the success and limitations of support programmes. In: The informal sector revisited. Seminar on the informal sector revisited. Paris 7-9 September, 1988. Ed. by Turnham, D. et al. Paris:OECD.
Middleton, J. 1991. Vocational education and training in developing countries: new directions for the 1990s. In: Education with Production, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 81-99, June.
Sethuraman, S.V. 1976. The urban informal sector: concept, measurement and policy. In: International Labour Review, Vol. 114, No. 1, July-August.
Turnham, D.; Er, D. 1990. Unemployment in developing countries: new light on an old problem. Paris: OECD.
Turnham, D. 1993. Employment and development. A new review of evidence. Paris: OECD.
United Nations. 1995. The Copenhagen declaration and programme of action. World summit for social development, 6-12 March. New York: United Nations.
Wallenborn, M. (Ed.) 1989. Vocational training strategies to promote employment and self-help in the Third World. Mannheim: DSE/ZGB.
World Bank. 1991. Vocational and technical education and training. A World Bank Policy Paper. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank.
Yunus, M. 1991. Grameen Bank: experiences and reflection. Presented at the Consultation on the Economic Advancement of Rural Women in Asia and the Pacific, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Dhaka: Grameen Bank.
Yunus, M. 1995. New development options towards the 21st century. An address to permanent delegations and observer missions to UNESCO, NGOs and UNESCO staff members at UNESCO, Paris, 3 March.
IIEP Occasional Paper No. 83
This paper was written with the objective of depicting effective strategies and approaches that are being used in relation to the non-formal training and the insertion into work of an increasingly large population of disadvantaged youth that remains unemployed or underemployed in the rural towns or urban centres of the developing world. Concretely, how can disadvantaged youth be best prepared for engaging in self-sustaining work activities? Which agencies seem to be making a difference in this direction? Which approaches and/or strategies stand out as bearing on the steering of 'disadvantaged youth' into the world of work? These are some of the main questions that have guided this paper.
Ana Cristina Leonardos has taught at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil). She has done work on the study and evaluation of innovative educational programmes (formal and non-formal sectors). She is also the author of 'Effective strategies and approaches for reaching street and working children through education: reviewing recent developments', published by IIEP in 1995. She is now a project manager at the Evaluation Centre of the CESGRANRIO Foundation and teaches at the University of Brasilia.