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close this bookMushroom Cultivation in Thailand (Peace Corps, 1987, 85 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the document1. Introduction to mushroom cultivation in Thailand
View the document2. Mushroom cultivation
Open this folder and view contents3. Mushroom spawn propagation
Open this folder and view contents4. Straw mushroom cultivation in beds
Open this folder and view contents5. Angel, oyster and abalone mushroom cultivation in plastic bags
Open this folder and view contents6. Wood ear mushroom cultivation in wooden logs
Open this folder and view contents7. Mushroom pests: prevention and eradication
View the documentEnglish word list
View the documentAppendix A: Propagation hood: Use and construction
View the documentAppendix B.: Construction of oil drum autoclave
View the documentAppendix C: Selected examples of growth media preparation: Angel, oyster and abalone mushrooms
View the documentAppendix D: Selected examples of growth media preparation: Wood ear mushrooms
View the documentAppendix E: Selected examples of growth media preparation: Straw mushrooms
View the documentAppendix F: Spawn purchase and handling
View the documentAppendix G: Nutritional content
View the documentAppendix H: Chart detailing important mushroom information
View the documentA selected bibliography

Appendix C: Selected examples of growth media preparation: Angel, oyster and abalone mushrooms

1.

Rice straw (chopped 3-5 inches long)

100 kg

CaCO3

2-3 kg

Urea (46-0-0)

5 kg

MgSO3

2 kg

Rice bran

5 kg

Water (to moisten)


Mix rice straw, calcium carbonate (CaCO3), urea (46-0-0), magnesium sulfate (MgSO3), and enough water to thoroughly moisten the resulting pile. The calcium carbonate, urea and magnesium sulfate may be combined in water before adding to the rice straw to facilitate the mixing process and ensure a good, even distribution of materials.

Turn the pile twice daily, mixing in rice bran on the seventh day. When the strong scent of ammonia generated by the pile has disappeared, and the pile no longer heats up after turning (generally around the seventh or eighth day), the mixture is ready for use.

This is enough compost to produce 150-200 bags of mushroom spawn.

2.

Rice straw (chopped 1-3 inches long)

40-60 kg

Horse manure

20 liters

Corn flour

2-3 kg

Rice bran

2-3 kg

Gypsum

2-4 kg

Refer to mixing steps above.

This is enough compost to produce 75-100 bags of mushroom spawn.

3.

Rice straw (chopped 1-3 inches long)

100 kg

Double super phosphate

1-2 kg

Ammonia sulphate

1 kg

Gypsum

1-2 kg

Corn flour

3 kg

Rice bran

3 kg

Refer to mixing steps above.

This is enough compost to produce 150-200 bags of mushroom spawn.

4.

Para rubber tree pulp

120 kg

Lime

1 kg

MgSO3

3 soup spoons

Rice bran

5 kg

Water (to moisten)


Place pulp in a pile and spread lime on top--do not mix in! Let sit for two to three days. This will eliminate mold spore in the pile.

Remove all large pieces using a sieve. Sieve the amount that you plan to use immediately.

Add rice bran and lime. Mix thoroughly.

Mix MgSO3 and water, sprinkle on pile. Mix well. Make pile moist but not wet.

Let sit for 1-2 hours, allowing pulp to soak up water.

Place pulp mix into bags. Each bag should weigh approximately 1.2 kg.

This is enough compost to produce 150-200 bags of mushroom spawn.

From: Mushroom Culture in Thailand. Deeprom Chaiwongkeit. 1985. pp. 104-105.