|Displaced Persons in Civil Conflict - 1st edition (DHA/UNDRO - DMTP - UNDP, 1991, 52 p.)|
The provision on a humanitarian basis of material aid and services necessary to enable people to meet their basic needs for shelter, clothing, water and food. Assistance is available for extended periods, unlike relief supplies and services which are provided, free of charge, in the period immediately following a crisis.
This type of migration occurs when people are forced to abandon their homes to move out of harm's way when unanticipated events occur, often as the result of military operations.
In this document, these are non-combatant people, forced to leave their homes because of the direct or indirect consequences of conflict, but who remain inside their country of origin.
This type of displacement occurs when people abandon their homes because sustained conflict has caused: substantial increases in the cost of living due to shortages of basic commodities; a collapse of the economy; a lack of available income; or a lack of buyers for goods produced.
These are communities controlled by government forces in the midst of a conflict zone.
Situations in which the principal, direct causes of disaster are identifiable human actions, deliberate or otherwise. This mainly involves situations in which civilian populations suffer casualties, losses of property, basic services and means of livelihood as a result of war, civil strife, or other conflict.
This type of migration occurs when people decide to abandon their homes: to avoid anticipated violence or some other aspect of civil conflict (such as conscription); or to leave while they can still sell their assets and evacuate in an orderly manner.
The provision on a humanitarian basis of material aid and emergency medical care necessary to save and preserve human lives. Relief supplies and services are provided, free of charge, in the period immediately following a sudden disaster. They may need to be provided for extended periods in the case of population displacements.
This is the first safe place where displaced people stop after leaving a zone of conflict.
Categories of displaced persons with special needs, variously defined to include: unaccompanied minors, the elderly, the mentally and physically disabled, victims of physical abuse or violence and pregnant, lactating or single women.