Cover Image
close this bookDisplaced Persons in Civil Conflict - 1st edition (DHA/UNDRO - DMTP - UNDP, 1991, 52 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentAcknowledgments
View the documentIntroduction
Open this folder and view contentsIntroduction
Open this folder and view contentsPart 1: Civil Conflict and Displacement
Open this folder and view contentsPart 2: Assistance
Open this folder and view contentsPart 3: Operational considerations
Open this folder and view contentsPart 4: Issues in dealing with the host country
Open this folder and view contentsPart 5: International organizations
View the documentGLOSSARY

GLOSSARY

assistance

The provision on a humanitarian basis of material aid and services necessary to enable people to meet their basic needs for shelter, clothing, water and food. Assistance is available for extended periods, unlike relief supplies and services which are provided, free of charge, in the period immediately following a crisis.

crisis-induced migration

This type of migration occurs when people are forced to abandon their homes to move out of harm's way when unanticipated events occur, often as the result of military operations.

displaced persons

In this document, these are non-combatant people, forced to leave their homes because of the direct or indirect consequences of conflict, but who remain inside their country of origin.

economically-induced migration

This type of displacement occurs when people abandon their homes because sustained conflict has caused: substantial increases in the cost of living due to shortages of basic commodities; a collapse of the economy; a lack of available income; or a lack of buyers for goods produced.

garrison towns

These are communities controlled by government forces in the midst of a conflict zone.

human-made disasters

Situations in which the principal, direct causes of disaster are identifiable human actions, deliberate or otherwise. This mainly involves situations in which civilian populations suffer casualties, losses of property, basic services and means of livelihood as a result of war, civil strife, or other conflict.

precautionary evacuation

This type of migration occurs when people decide to abandon their homes: to avoid anticipated violence or some other aspect of civil conflict (such as conscription); or to leave while they can still sell their assets and evacuate in an orderly manner.

relief

The provision on a humanitarian basis of material aid and emergency medical care necessary to save and preserve human lives. Relief supplies and services are provided, free of charge, in the period immediately following a sudden disaster. They may need to be provided for extended periods in the case of population displacements.

sanctuary

This is the first safe place where displaced people stop after leaving a zone of conflict.

vulnerable groups

Categories of displaced persons with special needs, variously defined to include: unaccompanied minors, the elderly, the mentally and physically disabled, victims of physical abuse or violence and pregnant, lactating or single women.