|Displaced Persons in Civil Conflict - 1st edition (DHA/UNDRO - DMTP - UNDP, 1991, 52 p.)|
Purpose and scope
This training module, Displaced Persons in Civil Conflict, is designed to introduce this aspect of disaster management to an audience of UN organization professionals who form disaster management teams, as well as to government counterpart agencies, NGO's and donors. This training is designed to increase the audience's awareness of the nature and management of disasters, leading to better performance in disaster preparedness and response.
The content has been written by experts in the field of disaster management and in general follows the UNDP/UNDRO Disaster Management Manual and its principles, procedures, and terminology. However, terminology in this field is not standardized and authors from different institutions may use the same terms in slightly different ways. Therefore, there is a glossary of terms used in this module at the end of this text. Definitions found in the glossary are those of the UNDP/UNDRO Disaster Management Manual. Most of the definitions in the text are those of the authors.
Overview of this module
The purpose of this training module is to introduce you to basic concepts related to working with non-combatant, internally displaced persons in civil conflict. The first part of the module discusses the primary causes of civil conflict and how to identify the pressure points leading to conflict. It should help you recognize: populations most likely to be displaced, types and patterns of migration, the different phases of migration, and settlement patterns.
In the second part of this module, you will learn more about me needs of displaced persons, focusing on issues of protection and security, relief and assistance, and the needs of vulnerable groups. Problems associated with the implementation of assistance programs to meet these needs are analyzed in Pat Three of die module. Some of these problems are: political and logistical constraints, limitations of the international aid "system," inaccessibility of the displaced, pacification schemes and safety concerns of relief teams in conflict zones.
Issues which arise in dealing with me host country are presented in Part Four. You should come away with a heightened awareness of human rights violations, the role of national governments in assistance programs and possible hostility toward in international agencies. The roles and limitations of these international agencies are set forth in the final part of this module.
This module is intended for two audiences, the self-study learner and the participant in a training workshop. The following training methods are planned for use in workshops and are simulated in the accompanying "training guide". For the self-study learner the text is as close to a tutor as can be managed in print
Workshop training methods include:
· group discussions
· simulations/role plays
· supplementary handouts
· review sessions
· self-assessment exercises
The self-study learner is invited to use this text as a workbook. In addition to note-taking in the margins, you will be given the opportunity to stop and examine your learning along the way through questions included in the text. Write down your answers to these questions before proceeding to ensure that you have captured key points in the text.