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close this bookBiodiversity in the Western Ghats: An Information Kit (IIRR, 1994, 224 p.)
close this folder5. Agriculture
View the document5.1 Rice diversity and conservation in the Konkan
View the document5.2 Conservation of traditional vegetables in the backyard
View the document5.3 Genetic diversity in mango and cashew
View the document5.4 Floriculture and arboriculture
View the document5.5 Enriched biodiversity by plant introductions
View the document5.6 Impact of introduced plants
View the document5.7 Effects of pesticides on biodiversity
View the document5.8 Khazan (saline) lands

5.2 Conservation of traditional vegetables in the backyard

You can make a big contribution to conserving the biodiversity of vegetables in the Western Ghats region in Goal

· Grow traditional vegetables in your backyard in your spare time.

· Conserve these plants to assure their survival for generations to come.

· Grow them using organic techniques so as not to alter the original characteristics of the variety.

This list is not exhaustive.

Start conserving biodiversity. Your backyard is your first environment!


Okra, Ladies' finger (Hibiscus esculentus)


Sweet potato (Ipomeea batatas)


Ginger (Zingiber officinalis)


Onion (Allium cepa)

Traditional vegetables in Goa

Local/Common name

Scientific name

Part used as vegetables

Additional uses and features

Ecological Status

Tambdi bhaji

Amaranthus gangeticus

Entire plant

Rich in iron, cellulose, fibre

Declining

Shepu, Dill

Anethum sowa

Entire plant

Treats stomach ailments

Declining

Konkan dhudi, Bottle gourd

Lagenaria vulgaris

Fruit

Large size and soft texture medicinal value

Common

Vaingan, Brinjal, Eggplant

Solanum melongena

Fruit

Round purple (annual)

Common




Long green (perennial)

Very rare




Long greenish purple (perennial)

Common

Padwal, Snake gourd, Podollim

Tricosanthes anguina

Fruit

Agshi variety (1m long, 8cm across)

Getting rare




Common variety(75cm long, 4-5cm across)

Common

Gonsallim, Ridge gourd, Angled loofah

Luffa acutangula

Fuit

Large and long

Very common

Mullo, Radish

Raphanus sativus

Entire plant

Taleigao variety of medicinal value

Seed not available, variety conserved by certain growers

Moshing, Drumstick, Horse-

Moringa oleifera, radish tree

Fruit, leaves flowers

Rich in iron

Common

Cucumber

Cucumis sativus

Fruit

Long variety (usually eatern when mature)

Declining




Smaller variety(eaternwhen tender)

Common

Tendli, Gerkin

Coccinia indica

Fruit

Small variety

Not very common




Large variety

Grown for market

Red sorrel, Roselle

Hibiscus sabdariffa




Okra, Bhendi, Lady's finger

Hibiscus esculentus

Fruit

Satpani (large) early fruiting

Seed not easily available




Small

Common

Chilli, Mirsang

Capsicum annuum

Fruit

Canacona variety(kholchi)

More common in south Goa




Aidona variety(sweetish)

Endangered

Portugali mirsang, Chilli

Capsicum frutescens

Fruit

Very tiny, used for papads and pickles(very pungent)

Declining

Red pumpkin

Cucurbita maxima

Fruit, leaves, flower

Large and long (oval shaped) Round (of medicinal value)

Endangered Common

Ash gourd, Wax gourd, Kunvallo

Benincasa hispida

Fruit

Used for sweets

Endangered

Karela, Bitter gourd

Momordica charantia

Fruit

Large (Ponda variety)

Seed not available to others, conserved by grower




Small

Common

Golchi bhaji, Parslane

Portulaca oleracea

Entire plant

Medicine for diabetes

Endangered

Valchi bhaji/Climbing spinach

Basella alba

Leaves, tender shoots

Rich in iron, vitamin A

Very common

Tirphal

Zanthoxylum shetsa

Fruit

Used as a spice

Endangered

Bilimbi

Averrhoa bilimbi

Fruit

As a souring agent

Common

Matti Gonsallim, sponge gourd

Luffa cylindrica

Fruit

Fibre used as sponge/scrubber

Rare

Suran, elephant yam

Amorphophallus campanulatus

Tuber

Not to be mistaken in edible variety

Rare

Zad conong


Tuber, bulbil

Smooth skin, small size

Rare

Tero, Arum

Colocasia esculenta

Leaves

Green variety

Declining

Kokum/Bindam

Garcinia indica

Fruit

Of medicinal value, Used as a souring agent

Endangered

Haldi/Turmeric

Curcuma longa

Rhizome, leaves

Used as a spice, of medicinal value, leaves used for their flavour

Very common

Alem/Ginger

Zingiber officinale

Rhizome

Of medicinal value, used as a spice

Common

Onion/Piao

Allium cepa

Bulb

As a seasoning agent, of medicinal value

Local variety endangered

Pepper/Miriam

Piper nigrum

Berry

Used as spice, of medicinal value

Local variety high yielding endangered

Vir-vir

Vigna cylindrica

Pod, seed

Of medicinal value

Very common

Alsando, Lentil

Lens esculenta

Pod, seed, leave

Nutritive

Declining

Chovili

Vigna unguiculata

Seed

White+ brown

Endangered

Moog, Mung, Green gram

Phaseolus aureus

Seed

Nutritive value

Local variety extinct

Anvre, Hyacinth bean

Dolichos lablab

Seed

Large variety

Common




Small

Declining

Merulle

Phaseolus sp.

Seed

Resembles white pepper

Endangered

Bamboo, Kill

Bambusa bambos

tender shoots

Maroon shoots

Endangered

Nachni, Finger millet

Eleusine coracana

cereal

Rich in iron, of medicinal value

Endangered

Kudukki Bhaji

Amaranthus spinosa

Leaves

Rich in iron

Endangered

Madi

Alocasia

Rhizome, leaves

Rich in protein

Endangered

Kata konong,

Dioscora esculenta

Tuber

Nutritive value

Endangered

Potato yam





Karando

Dioscora esculenta

Tuber

Nutritive value

Endangered

Sweet potato

Ipomoea batatas

Tuber

Food value

Common

Nir ponos, Bread fruit

Artocarpus incisa

Fruit

Nutritive value

Common

Taikulo, Foetid Cassia

Cassia tore

Entire tender plant or leaves

Rich in iron

Common, hardly used

Tidki/Cluster beans, Gawar

Cyamopsis tetragonoloba

Pod

High fibre content

Common

Chinni


Tuber, bulbil

Nutritive value (pinkish white variety)

Endangered

Kiraitem, Chirata

Swertia chirata

Entire plant

As a dewormer, for treating diabetes, malaria

Common

Carambola

Caramida

Fruit

As a souring agent

Rare

Sword bean, coto vad

Canavalia ensiformis

Pod

Long and broad

Rare

Prepared by Francis Borges