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close this bookPoverty Elimination and the Empowerment of Women (DFID, 2000, 51 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentThe international development targets
View the documentDepartment for International Development
View the documentForeword by the Secretary of State
View the documentExecutive Summary
Open this folder and view contents1. Introduction
Open this folder and view contents2. The challenge
Open this folder and view contents3. Experience to date
Open this folder and view contents4. Meeting the challenge
Open this folder and view contents5. Priorities for DFID
View the document6. Monitoring progress
View the documentAnnex: Global and regional indicators of development progress for the international development targets
View the documentBack Cover

Annex: Global and regional indicators of development progress for the international development targets



World total

Developing country totala

East Asia & Pacific

Eastern Europe and Central Asia

Latin America and Caribbean

Middle East & North Africa

South Asia

Sub Saharan Africa

Population [millions]


1980

4,430

3,641

1,398

426

360

174

903

380



1990

5,255

4,414

1,641

466

439

238

1,122

508



1998

5,897

5,011

1,817

475

502

286

1,305

627

Reducing Extreme Poverty

Population covered by at least one survey for poverty data [%]


1985-98b


88.1

90.8

81.7

88.0

52.5

97.9

72.9

Population living on less than $1 a dayc [millions]


1987

"

1,183.2

417.5

1.1

63.7

9.3

474.4

217.2



1990

"

1,276.4

452.4

7.1

73.8

5.7

495.1

242.3


1993

"

1,304.3

431.9

18.3

70.8

5.0

505.1

273.3


1996

"

1,190.6

265.1

23.8

76.0

5.0

531.7

289.0

estimates for

1998

"

1,198.9

278.3

24.0

78.2

5.5

522.0

290.9

Population living on less than $1 a dayc [%]


1987

"

28.3

26.6

0.2

15.3

4.3

44.9

46.6



1990

"

29.0

27.6

1.6

16.8

2,4

44.0

47.7


1993

"

28.1

25.2

4.0

15.3

1.9

42.4

49.7


1996

"

24.5

14.9

5.1

15.6

1.8

42.3

48.5

estimates for

1998

"

24.0

15.3

5.1

15.6

1.9

40.0

46.3

Poverty Gapc, d [%]


1987

"

8.6

6.8

0.1

5.2

1.0

13.0

20.0


1990

"

9.0

7.6

1.0

6.0

0.5

12.0

20.4


1993

"

8.9

7.5

1.3

5.8

0.4

11.2

21.7


1996

"

7.5

4.0

1.5

5.3

0.4

10.6

21.5

estimates for

1998

"

7.2

4.2

1.6

5.3

0.2

9.5

20.1

National income/consumption by poorest 20% [share that accrues to the bottom 20% of the population]


1980s

"

"

6.3

9.8

3.7

6.6

7.9

5.7



1990s

"

"

6.9

8.8

4.5

6.9

8.8

5.2

Prevalence of child malnutrition, weight for age [% of children under 5 years old]


1992-98b

30

31

22

8

8

15

51

33

Universal Primary Education

Net primary school enrolment [school age in school as % of all school age children]

Female

1980

77

72

82

91

85

64

52

49



1990

86

83

96

95

88

82

65

52



1997

88

86

99

99

93

84

70

54

Male

1980

86

83

90

93

86

84

75

59


1990

91

89

99

95

88

92

82

59


1997

92

91

99

100

95

91

83

66

Total

1980

81

78

86

92

85

74

64

54


1990

88

86

97

95

88

87

74

56


1997

90

88

99

100

94

87

77

"

Persistence to grade 5 [% of children enrolled at Grade 1 who reach Grade 5]


1990-1995b

77

74

91

"

76

90

56

67

Youth literacy rate [% of people 15-24]

Female

1980

70

69

85

96

89

47

38

44



1990

77

77

92

97

92

63

50

60



1998

81

81

95

98

94

75

58

72


Male

1980

83

83

95

99

90

73

64

66



1990

87

87

97

99

92

82

71

75



1998

89

89

98

99

93

87

76

81


Total

1980

77

76

90

97

89

60

52

55



1990

82

82

94

98

92

73

61

68



1998

85

85

97

99

94

81

67

76

Adult literacy rate [% of people 15+]

Female

1980

54

52

57

92

77

28

25

28



1990

62

61

71

94

83

41

34

40



1998

68

67

78

95

87

52

41

51


Male

1980

72

71

80

97

82

56

52

49



1990

78

78

87

98

86

67

59

60



1998

82

82

91

98

89

74

65

68


Total

1980

63

62

69

94

80

42

39

38



1990

70

69

79

96

85

54

47

50



1998

75

74

84

96

88

63

53

59

Gender Equality

Gender equality in school [female gross enrolment ratio as a % of male gross enrolment ratio]

Primary

1980

87

84

87

99

97

74

67

76



1990

90

88

94

99

100f

86

75

82



1994-1998b

94

92

100

98

98f

86

82

84


Primary & Secondary

1990

"

"

88

93

98

82

75

82



1996

"

"

91

85

95

86

94

87

Gender equality in adult literacy [female literacy rate as a % of male literacy rate]


1980

75

73

71

95

94

50

48

57



1990

79

78

82

96

97

61

58

67



1998

83

82

86

97

98

70

63

75

Infant and Child Mortality

Infant mortality rate [per 1,000 live births]


1980

80

87

55

41

61

95

119

115



1990

60

65

40

28

41

60

87

101



1998

54

59

35

22

31

45

75

92

Under-5 mortality rate [per 1,000 live births]


1980

123

135

82

"

78

136

180

188



1990

87

91

55

34

49

71

121

155



1998

75

79

43

26

38

55

89

151

Maternal Mortality

Maternal mortality ratio [per 100,000 live births]


1990

430

480

210

95

190

320

610

980

Births attended by health staff [% of total]


1990

"

49

58

"

"

58

39

"



1996-1998b

52

47

"

92

78

62

29

38

Reproductive Health

Contraceptive prevalence
[% of women 15-49]


1997-1998b

49

48

52

67

59

55

49

21

HIV prevalenceg [Percentage of adults (15-49 years) living with HIV/AIDS in 1999]


1999

1.1

"

0.07

0.14

"

0.13

"

8.0

Environment

National strategies for sustainable developmenth [countries with effective processes for sustainable development]


1998

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Safe water [% of population with access]

Urban

1990-98b

90

89

95

"

88

97

86

77


Rural

1990-98b

62

62

58

"

42

72

78

39


Total

1990-98b

72

72

69

"

78

85

80

50

Forest Area [% of National Surface Area]


1990

30

29

25

36

49

4

14

23:



1995j

25

26

24

36

45

1

16

17

Biodiversity: land area protected [% of total land area]


1994i

6.7

5.1

6.2

3.6

6.5

3.0

4.4

5.8



1996j

6.6

5.3

6.9

3.2

7.3

2.2

4.5

6.2

Energy efficiency: GDP per unit of energy use


1990

"

"

"

0.7

"

1.5

"

"



1997

"

"

"

0.8

"

1.3

"

"

Industrial Carbon Dioxide emissions [tonnes per capita]


1980

3.4

1.5

1.4

"

2.4

3.0

0.4

0.9



1990

3.3

1.7

2.0

"

2.2

3.3

0.7

0.9



1996

4.0

2.5

2.7

7.4

2.5

3.9

0.9

0.8

General Indicators

Life Expectancy at Birth [in years]

Female

1980

64

60

67SUP>

72

68

60

54

49



1990

68

65

69

74

71

66

59

52



1998

69

67

71

74

73

69

63

52


Male

1980

59

56

64SUP>

63

62

57

54

46



1990

63

62

66

65

65

63

59

49



1998

65

63

67

65

67

66

62

49


Total

1980

61

58

66SUP>

68

65

59

54

48



1990

65

63

67

69

68

65

59

50



1998

67

65

69

69

70

68

62

50

Fertility Rate [births per woman]


1980

3.7

4.1

3.0

2.5

4.1

6.2

5.3

6.6



1990

3.1

3.4

2.4

2.3

3.1

4.8

4.1

6.0



1998

2.7

2.9

2.1

1.6

2.7

3.5

3.4

5.4

GNP per capita [Atlas method (current US$)]


1980

2,530

790

330

"

2,110

2,040

270

650



1990

4,030

940

570

"

2,250

1,720

380

550



1998

4,890

1,250

990

2,200

3,860

2,030

430

510

a Combined figure for low and middle income countries used as a proxy for developing countries with the exception of the indicators for persistence to Grade 5, maternal mortality ratio and safe water where a true developing countries figure is used.

b Data refer to the most recent year available within the specified period.

c At 1993 purchasing power parities (PPPs) adjusted to current price terms

d The poverty gap is the mean shortfall below the poverty line (counting the non-poor as having zero shortfall), expressed as a percentage of the poverty line. The measure reflects the depth of poverty as well as its incidence.

e Data are for nearest available year.

f Figures are based on net enrolment ratios.

g The indicator actually relates to HIV prevalence in 15 to 24 year old pregnant women. However, until satisfactory data coverage is achieved on this indicator, the prevalence of HIV infection in all adults will be used.

h These data relate to environmental action plans. These are not the same as national sustainable strategies for development but are a proxy until further information is available.

i Relates to the year in which the strategies or action plans were adopted.

j Data may refer to earlier years

" = Not available

World Bank & UN Sources
DFID Statistics Department
Version 3 June 2000