Cover Image
close this bookRural Energy and Development: Improving Energy Supply for Two Billion People (WB, 1996, 132 p.)
close this folderChapter four - Options for rural electrification
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentProgress to date
View the documentPricing and financial policies
View the documentCost-effectiveness and the choice of alternatives
View the documentCosts of grid supplies
View the documentReducing initial investment costs by using appropriate design standards
View the documentMicro-grids supplied by diesel generators
View the documentElectricity supplies from renewable energy sources
View the documentRegulatory and price reforms, unbundling, and privatization
View the documentImplication for rural electrification
View the documentApproaches

Cost-effectiveness and the choice of alternatives

Electrification programs have centered almost exclusively on grid electrification. While this is cost-effective for high-density loads. planners have often overlooked the alternatives. The costs of electrification can be reduced by working with lower service standards, but other options are available (Munasinghe 1987).