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close this bookRural Energy and Development: Improving Energy Supply for Two Billion People (WB, 1996, 132 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentForeword
View the documentAcknowledgments
View the documentAbbreviations and acronyms
View the documentExecutive summary
View the documentThe new agenda
View the documentThe role of the world bank
Open this folder and view contentsChapter one - Introduction
Open this folder and view contentsChapter two - The rural energy situation
Open this folder and view contentsChapter three - Emerging practices and policies
Open this folder and view contentsChapter four - Options for rural electrification
Open this folder and view contentsChapter five - Innovations in renewable energy
Open this folder and view contentsChapter six - Cooking fuels: toward more sustainable supply and use
Open this folder and view contentsChapter seven - The role of the world bank group
Open this folder and view contentsAppendix
View the documentNotes
View the documentBibliography


The following is a full list of references cited in the text along with other pertinent publications. Also influential were the reports of the World Bank energy sector project missions and of the joint United Nations Development Programme/World Bank Energy Assessment Program and Energy Sector Management Assistance Programme (ESMAP). Some are cited below, but as there are roughly 200 studies from 90 countries plus project appraisal reports for nearly 11)0 projects in more than 40 countries. they are too numerous to list here. A separate list of Energy Assessment and ESMAP studies that have dealt with general aspects or specifics of rural energy policies and projects. together with some World Bank studies has been prepared. and can be obtained on request from the World Bank's Industry and Energy Department.

Acker, Richard H.. and Daniel M. Kammen 1994. The Quiet (Energy) Revolution: Analyzing the Dissemination of Photovoltaic Power Systems in Kenya Center for Energy and Environmental Studies Report No. 287. Princeton New Jersey: Princeton University.

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Ahmed. Raisuddin. and Cynthia Donovan 19<)2. Issues of Infrastructural Development: A Synthesis of the Literature. Washington. D.C.: International Food Policy Research Institute.

Alam, Manzoor, Forthcoming. 'Energy Transition in Hyderabad: Social and Economic Dimensions." Hyderabad. India: Institute for Energy and Environmental Studies, Hyderabad. India. Draft.

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Anderson, Dennis 1987. Economics of Afforestation: A Case Study in Africa. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Anderson. Dennis, arid Robert H. Williams. 1994, The Cost-Eftectiveness of GEF Projects. GEF Working Paper No. 6. Washington. D.C.: World Bank, United Nations Development Programme. and United Nations Enviromnent Programme.

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Barnes. Douglas F.. anti Liu Qian. 199_. Urban Interfue Substitution, Energy Use. and Equity in Developing Countries: Some Preliminary Results. Energy Series Paper No. 53, Washington. D.C.: World Bank. Industry and Energy Department.

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Urban Energy Transitions, Poverty, and the Environment: Understanding the Role of the Urban Household Energy in Developing Countries." Washington, D.C.: World Bank, Industry and Energy Department. Draft.

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