|Strategies to Combat Homelessness (HABITAT, 2000, 228 p.)|
The overall aim of the campaign is to reduce urban poverty through policies which emphasize equity, sustainability and social justice
Currently an estimated one billion people around the world are inadequately housed: of these, more than 100 million are homeless. In most cities of the developing world, up to one half of the urban population lives in informal slum or squatter settlements that are neither legally recognized nor serviced by city authorities. The informal parts of the city do not enjoy many of the benefits of urban life, including access to basic services and secure tenure. Residents live in constant fear of forced evictions; most do not have access to formal finance and loan schemes that could enable them to improve their living and working conditions.
Security of Tenure is a fundamental requirement for the progressive integration of the urban poor in the city. And it is an essential step for the realization of housing rights. Tenure can take a variety of forms, including rental (public and private) accommodation, freehold, cooperative housing and customary tenure. Security of tenure guarantees legal protection against forced eviction, harassment and other threats. It also leads to improved living standards: countless examples reveal that when people have residential security, they will invest in the improvement of their homes and neighborhoods. The granting of secure tenure is, therefore, one of the most important catalysts in stabilizing communities, improving shelter conditions, reducing social exclusion, improving access to urban services, leveraging corporate and individual investment, and improving the urban environment.
Within the framework of this campaign, emphasis will be placed on the building of strategic and operational partnerships between different levels of government, other United Nations organizations, the private sector, non-governmental and community-based organisations.
For further information, please visit our web site at:
UNITED NATIONS CENTRE FOR HUMAN SETTLEMENTS (Habitat)
PO Box 30030 Nairobi, KENYA. Telephone: 621234; Fax: (254)