|Jobs for Africa - Towards a Programme of Action - Report of the ILO/UNDP Programme on Employment Generation and Poverty Reduction (ILO - UNDP, 1997, 107 p.)|
This report has been prepared within the framework of the UNDP financed programme Jobs for Africa. This programme, which has been launched by the ILO, represents a contribution to the United Nations System-Wide Special Initiative on Africa as well as to the follow-up to the Social Summit. The objective of Jobs for Africa is to identify a set of mutually enforcing policies for job creation and poverty reduction. This has been done through: (a) developing a conceptual framework for comprehensive and sectoral policies on employment creation for poverty reduction; (b) identifying policy tools and operational systems to implement employment creation for poverty reduction; and (c) designing a comprehensive regional programme to support country level employment promotion activities.
The major thrust of the underlying approach is that Africa has no alternative but to embark on a process of sustained growth if the continent is to avoid continued marginalization. The process of globalization offers good opportunities through increased exports and foreign investment. The process of reform has to be deepened by going beyond structural adjustment stabilization programmes, and by launching investment-led growth strategies that maximize employment and reduce poverty.
The present report, which complements another entitled Jobs for Africa: A Policy Framework for an Employment-Intensive Growth Strategy, proposes a Programme of Action in order to implement the policy framework in support of an investment-led growth strategy for employment creation and poverty reduction. The main focus of this Programme of Action is to contribute to capacity building of the policy maker in Africa. It is proposed that the UN System supports African efforts to influence investment decisions in such a way as to maximize demand for labour as the process of growth resumes. To achieve this objective, a number of regional and country-level programmes are proposed.
It is hoped that this Programme contributes to the positive turnaround in the growth performance experienced by several African economies in recent years.
In preparing this Programme, a number of institutions and individuals have contributed generously. Particular acknowledgment must be made to the UNDP for financing the whole project. Ms. Caitlin Wiesen has followed the evolution of this Programmes since its inception. Ms. Wiesen and Mr. Terry McKinley have provided invaluable inputs. Ms. Robin Marsh of FAO has also contributed to the finalization of the Programme. At the ILO, Mr. Vremudia P. Diejomaoh (ILO Africa Department) and Mr. Roberto Zachmann (ILO Development Policies Department) provided valuable inputs in producing this Programme.
Development Policies Department
International Labour Office