Cover Image
close this bookGlobal Water Supply and Sanitation Assessment 2000 Report (UNICEF - WSSCC - WHO, 2000, 90 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentForeword by the Director-General of WHO and the Executive Director of UNICEF
View the documentForeword by the Chairperson of the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council
View the documentPreface
Open this folder and view contents1. The Global Water Supply and Sanitation Assessment 2000
Open this folder and view contents2. Global status
Open this folder and view contents3. Sector performance
Open this folder and view contents4. Water supply and sanitation in large cities
Open this folder and view contents5. Challenges, future needs and prospects
Open this folder and view contents6. Africa
Open this folder and view contents7. Asia
Open this folder and view contents8. Latin America and the Caribbean
Open this folder and view contents9. Oceania
Open this folder and view contents10. Europe
Open this folder and view contents11. Northern America
View the documentReferences
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentAnnex A: Methodology for the Global Water Supply and Sanitation Assessment 2000
View the documentBack Cover

Preface

At the end of the International Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Decade, WHO and UNICEF decided to combine their experience and resources in a Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation. At its inception, the overall aim of the Joint Monitoring Programme was to improve planning and management within countries by supporting countries in monitoring the water and sanitation sector. This concept evolved and the JMP included within its aims the recurrent preparation of global assessments of the water supply and sanitation sector.

This report presents the findings of the fourth assessment by the WHO and UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme. Previous reports were produced in 1991, 1993 and 1996 and were devoted primarily to providing information on water supply and sanitation coverage, and on the progress made at the country level by local agencies in monitoring the sector.

The present report updates and consolidates findings of earlier reports through the use of broader and verifiable data sources. Such sources include information from national surveys, which provided the basis for determining most of the coverage figures in this report. Important resources were mobilized throughout the world for data collection and data analysis. Many countries formed national teams representing the different sector agencies, not only to collect data, but also to assess the status of their water supply and sanitation sector. In Latin America and the Caribbean most countries, under the leadership of the WHO Regional Office for the Americas, prepared country assessment reports as a result of the debates and findings of their country-level exercises.

There are serious limitations to the monitoring of water supply and sanitation in many developing countries; while for the purposes of international assessment it is necessary to pursue international consistency. Most of this report coverage has been calculated from service user information, rather than service provider information. Although this may generate coverage estimates that may differ from official country statistics, this approach provides the best overall assessment based on the data available. As new information becomes available this will systematically be added to the information base and estimates will be updated accordingly through the WHO and UNICEF web sites.

This report constitutes a source of information for water and sanitation coverage estimates, and for supporting decisions relating to investment, planning, management and quality of service in the sector. It aims to inform those within and beyond the water supply and sanitation sector of the current status of water supply and sanitation, and to highlight the huge challenges faced in meeting the need for safe water supply and adequate sanitation world wide. It is written for all those who wish to know where the water and sanitation sector now stands, and how it is changing over time. These include: national government officials; sector planners and consultants; bilateral, multilateral and United Nations agency staff; staff of international and national professional associations and nongovernmental organizations; researchers; and sector professionals throughout the world. The water supply and sanitation coverage data generated by the Joint Monitoring Programme are the reference data for the United Nations system. As such, they will be used as the water supply and sanitation reference for the United Nations' World Water Resources report, which will be launched in 2002 on the tenth anniversary of the Earth Summit.


Figure

Photography: UNICEF/Press


Figure

Photography: UNICEF/Alsbirk