Cover Image
close this bookSouthern Lights - Celebrating the Scientific Achievements of the Developing World (IDRC, 1995, 148 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentForeword
View the documentChapter 1 - A northern misconception demolished
View the documentChapter 2 - Is there really science in the south?
View the documentChapter 3 - How the south got left behind
View the documentChapter 4 - Third world achievements
View the documentChapter 5 - Marching to a different drummer
View the documentChapter 6 - Solving global problems together
View the documentChapter 7 - What needs to be done
View the documentAcronyms
View the documentBibliography
View the documentAcknowledgements


AAAS (American Association for the Advancement of Science). 1991. Science in Africa: achievements and prospects. A symposium organized by the AAAS sub-Saharan African Program. AAAS, Washington, DC, USA.

Abelson, P.H. 1990. Editorial. In Medicine from plants. Science, 247(4942), 13.

Academia Chilena de Ciencias. 1993. Analysis and projections of Chilean science. Academia Chilena de Ciencias, Santiago, Chile.

al-Daghestani, F. 1993. The Arab states. In World Science Report 1993. Unesco, Paris, France. pp. 74-85.

al-Hassan, A.Y.; Hill, D.R. 1986. Islamic technology: an illustrated history. Cambridge University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Alonso, P.L.; Smith, T.; Schellenburg, J.R.M.A.; et al. 1994. Randomized trial of efficacy of SPf66 vaccine against Plasmodium falciparum malaria in children in southern Tanzania. The Lancet, 344, 1175-1181.

Alonso, P.L.; Teuscher, T.; Tanner, M. 1993. SPf66: research for development or development of research? Vaccine, 12(2), 99-101.

Amor, A.J. 1987. A pinch of salt and eight of sugar: the media and diarrhea in Asia. In Cornell, J., ea., The unreported stories: mass media and science in the developing world. Proceedings of a symposium, 29 May 1986. International Science Writers Association, Cambridge, MA, USA.

AP (Associated Press>. 1993. An effective diarrhea treatment goes unused in US, doctors say. New York Times, 31 December 1993, p. A13.

Atiyah, E. 1955. The Arabs: the origins, present conditions, and prospects of the Arab World. Penguin Books, Middlesex, UK.

Badou, J.A. 1994. A nation of health researchers. IDRC Reports, 22(1), 6-8.

Bailey, C.J.; Day, C. 1989. Traditional plant medicines as treatments for diabetes. Diabetes Care, 12(8), 553-564.

Barinaga, M. 1994. Surprises across the cultural divide. Science, 263(5152), 1468-1472.

Barre, R.; Paon, P. 1993. Global overview. In World Science Report 1993. Unesco, Paris, France. pp. 139-150.

Baskaran, K.; Ahmath, B.K.; Shanmugasundaram, K.R.; et al. 1990. Antidiabetic effect of a leaf extract from gymnema sylvestre in non- insulin- dependent diabetes mellitus patients. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 30, 295-305.

Bolido, E. 1994. Simple solution saves many young lives. Press Foundation of Asia, Manila, Philippines. Depthnews, Special Features and Economic Service.

BOSTID (Board on Science and Technology for International Development). 1992. Neem: a tree for solving global problems. National Academy Press, Washington, DC, USA.

Brown, D. 1994. Malaria vaccine helps some African children. Washington Post, 28 October 1994, p. A2.

Brown, P. 1994. Guarded welcome for malaria vaccine. New Scientist, 1950, 14-15.

Chenru, S. 1986. Science popularization in rural China: 800 million farmers learn science. Impact of Science on Society, 144, 387-398.

CIAT (International Center for Tropical Agriculture). 1993. Friendly insects protect cassava the “green way.” CIAT, Cali, Colombia. Press release, October 1993.

CIP (International Potato Center). 1993. CIP plant explorer roaming Andes in search of wild potato genes insuring food for future. CIP, Lima, Peru. Backgrounder, June 1993.

Cox, F.E.G. 1993. That vaccine passes a trial. Nature, 362(6419), 410.

Dampier, W.C. 1966. A history of science and its relations with philosophy and religion. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Depthnews. 1993. Sex-change boosts tilapia production. Press Foundation of Asia, Manila Philippines. Depthnews Science Service, 65.

Emsley, J. 1992. Potent painkiller from poisonous frog. New Scientist, 1823, 14.

Faeth, P., ed. 1993. Agriculture policy and sustainability: case studies from India, Chile, the Philippines, and the United States. World Resources Institute, Washington, DC, USA.

FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations). 1991. Rice IPM in Asia. FAO, Rome, Italy. Briefing kit, May 1991.

Faruqui, A.M. 1988. Science: the need for North-South conciliation. Impact of Science on Society, 151, 273-282.

Furtick, W.R. 1989. Changes necessary for the US to compete in an expanding global agricultural economy. Paper presented to the 1989 Annual Meeting of the Association of US University Directors of International Agricultural Programs. College of Tropical Agriculture, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, USA.

Gaillard, J. 1994. The behaviour of scientists and scientific communities. In The uncertain quest. UNU Press, Tokyo, Japan.

Goleman, D.; Gurin, J., ed. 1993. Mind/body medicine: how to use your mind for better health. Consumer Reports Books, New York, NY, USA.

Harrison, P. 1987. The greening of Africa. Paladin Grafton Books, London, UK.

Hart, C. 1991. Des rnses venues du Sud. Les pays en dloppement apportent de nombreuses solutions de portmondiale. Developpement Mondial, 4(5), 4-10.

Hassan, M.H.A. 1994. 10th anniversary celebrations of the Third World Academy of Sciences (1983-1993). International Council of Scientific Unions, Paris, France. Science International, 55, 2-7.

Head, I.L. 1991. On a hinge of history: the mutual vulnerability of South and North. University of Toronto Press, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Howard Hughes Medical Institute. 1993. Annual report: 1993. Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Chevy Chase, MD, USA.

ICSU (International Council of Scientific Unions). 1993. Understanding our own planet. ICSU, Paris, France.

IIMI (International Irrigation Management Institute). 1993. 600 million year old salts choke crops in Pakistan - no problem says IIMI. IIMI, Colombo, Sri Lanka. IIMI News, press release.

ISNAR (International Service for National Agricultural Research); PCARRD (Philippine Council for Agriculture and Resources Research and Development). 1993. Women scientists and managers in agricultural research in the Philippines: highlights of a case study. ISNAR, The Hague, Netherlands.

Joyce, C. 1994. Earthly goods: medicine-hunting in the rainforest. Little, Brown & Co., Boston, MA, USA.

Kean, B.H.; Mott, K.E.; Russell, A. 1978. American trypanosomiasis. in Tropical medicine and parasitology: classic investigations. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, USA.

Keya, S.O.; Feire, J.; Da Silva, E.J. 1986. MIRCEN: catalytic tools in agricultural training and development. Impact of Science on Society, 142, 143-151.

Kinoshita, J. 1993. Counting on science to compete. Science, 262(5132), 348-350.

Lai, C.H.; Kidwai, A., ed. 1989. Ideals and realities: selected essays of Abdus Salam - 3rd edition. World Scientific Publishing Co., Singapore.

Lavakare, P.J.; Singh, K. 1993. South Asia. In World Science Report 1993. Unesco, Paris, France. pp. 96-103.

Lean, G. 1994. Power to the small planet. Our Planet, 6(1), 4-5.

Levy, L.A. 1993. A profile of research libraries in sub-Saharan Africa. American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, DC, USA.

Mahler, H. 1991. Traditional medicine and modern health care. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. Progress report, March 1991.

Malik, K.A.; Aslam, Z; Naqvi, M., compilers. 1986. Kallar grass: a plant for saline land. Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

Mano, S.; Andreae, M.O. 1994. Emission of methyl bromide from biomass burning. Science, 263 (5151), 1255-1256.

Maurice, J. 1993. Controversial vaccine shows promise. Science, 259(5102), 1689-1690.

1995. Malaria vaccine raises a dilemma. Science, 267(5196), 320-323.

McMillan, T.; Ferguson, H.; McKay, G.A., ed. 1988. The changing atmosphere: implications for global security. Proceeding of the conference held in Toronto, ON, Canada, 27-30 June 1988. World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

McNeill, W.H. 1976. Plagues and peoples. Anchor Press/Doubleday, Garden City, NJ, USA.

Menon, M.G.K. 1993. Introduction. In World Science Report 1993. Unesco, Paris, France. pp. 2-11.

Miller, J. 1994. Turning around Vietnamese agriculture. IDRC Reports, 21(4), 16-17.

Moffat, A.S. 1994. Developing nations adapt biotech for own needs. Science, 265(5169), 186-187.

Morissette, B. 1994. A Mexican approach to health priorities. IDRC Reports, 22(1), 15.

NAPRECA (African Network of Natural Product Chemists for Eastern and Central Africa). 1992. NAPRECA yearbook 1984-1992. NAPRECA, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Newton, P. 1993. A new family planning tool to slow population growth. IDRC Reports, 20(4), 16-18.

NISR (National Institute for Space Research). 1994. INPE Space News, Jan.-Feb 1994. NISR, Sao Jose dos Campos, Brazil.

Nobel Foundation. 1994. Nobel Foundation Directory 1993-1994. Nobel Foundation, Stockholm, Sweden.

Nichols, L., ed. 1982. Science in Africa: interviews with African scientists. Voice of America, Washington, DC, USA.

Odhiambo, T.R. 1993. Africa. In World Science Report 1993. Unesco, Paris, France. pp. 86-95.

Okamura, S; Henry, R. 1993. Japan and the NICs. In World Science Report 1993. Unesco, Paris, France. pp. 111-121.

Osuntokun, B.O.; Ogunniyi, A.O.; Lekwanwa, U.G. 1992. Alzheimer’s disease in Nigeria. African Journal of Medical Science, 21, 71-77.

Parker, C.A. 1986. Legumes and nitrogen fixation: their importance for farming in the future. Impact of Science on Society, 142, 153-164.

Patarroyo, M.E.; Romero, P.; Torres, M.L.; et al. 1987. Induction of protective immunity against experimental infection with malaria using synthetic peptides. Nature, 328(6131), 629-632.

Pingali, P.; Rola, A.C. 1993. Pesticides, rice productivity and farmers’ health: and economic assessment. International Rice Research Institute, Los Bahos, Philippines.

Pinstrup-Anderson, P. 1993. World food trends and how they may be modified. CG Secretariat, Washington, DC, USA.

Plummer, F.A.; Fowke, K.R.; Nagelkerke, N.J.D.; et al. 1993. Evidence for resistance to HIV- 1 infection among continuously exposed prostitutes in Nairobi. Paper presented at
the 9th International Conference on AIDS, Berlin, Germany, 7-11 June 1993. Abstract No. WS-A07-3.

Ponnaperuma, C. 1993. Leapfrogging into the twenty-first century: a science and technology plan for the Third World. Science and Technology Policy in the South, 1, 67-76.

Roche, M. 1976. Early history of science in Spanish. Science, 194. 806-810.

Rockefeller Foundation. 1993. Annual report: 1993. Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY, USA.

Salam, M.A. 1992. Strengthening of domestic capabilities in science and technology. In Briggs, S., ea., Science and technology: challenge for the South. Third World Academy of Sciences, Third World Network of Scientific Organizations, Trieste, Italy.

Shanmugasundaram, E.R.B.; Rajeswari, G.; Baskaran, K.; et al. 1990. Use of gymnema sylvestre lead extract in the control of blood-glucose in insulin-dependent diabetes. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 30(3), 281-294.

Sharafuddin, A.M. 1986. Science popularization: a view from the Third World. Impact of Science on Society, 144, 347-353.

Shealy, C.N.; Freese, A. 1977. Occult medicine can save your life. Bantam Books, New York, NY, USA.

Singer, C. 1958. Epilogue. In A history of technology - volume 2. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.

Spurgeon, D., ed. 1979. Give us the tools: science and technology for development. International Development Research Centre, Ottawa, ON, Canada.

- 1988. Agroforestry: a new name for an old practice. Ceres, 21(4) 42-47.

1989. What’s our weather coming to? Reader’s Digest, June 1989, 84-88.

Senate Standing Committee on Agriculture, Fisheries, and Forestry. 1984. Soil conservation. A report by the Standing Committee to the Senate of Canada. Department of Supply and Services, Hull, PQ, Canada.

Torrey, E.F. 1973. The mind game: witch doctors and psychiatrists. Bantam Books, New York, NY, USA.

Travis, J. 1993. U.K. changes mind about malaria vaccine. Science, 261(5127), 1392.

UN (United Nations). 1994. A safe world for the 21st century. World Conference on Natural Disaster Reduction, 23-27 May 1994, Yokahama, Japan. UN, New York, NY, USA. Press kit.

UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme). 1992. Two decades of achievement and challenge. UNEP, Nairobi, Kenya.

Unesco (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization). 1993. Nine giants - one goal. Unesco, Paris, France. Unesco Sources, 53 (January).

USAID (United States Agency for International Development). 1992. Global climate change. In Cutting edge research for development: the A.l.D. program in science and technology. USAID, Washington, DC, USA.

Villegas, R.; Cardoza, G. 1993. Latin America. In World Science Report 1993. Unesco, Paris, France. pp. 29-43.

Vines, G. 1990. China’s long march to longevity. New Scientist, 1746, 37-43.

Wells, H.G. 1958. A short history of the world. Penguin Books, Middlesex, UK.

West, M.E. 1991. Cannabis and night vision. Nature, 351(6329), 703-704.

White, N.J. 1994. Tough test for malaria vaccine. The Lancet, 344, 1172-1173.

Wilson, R. 1994. Toward equity in health research. IDRC Reports. 22(1), 4-5.

WHO (World Health Organization). 1988. Four decades of achievement: highlights of the work of WHO. WHO, Geneva, Switzerland.

1990. Proceedings of the 7th world conference on tobacco and health. WHO, Geneva, Switzerland.

Zheng-Ming, Y.; Cheng-tao, X. 1986. Methods and future of salt-affected soil reclamation in the Huang-Huai-Hai plain in China. Impact of Science of Society, 142, 175-186.