|The Sustainable Cities Programme (SCP) - Sustainable Cities and Local Governance (HABITAT - UNEP, 12 p.)|
The cities of the world, from Katowice-Poland to Dar es Salaam-Tanzania and from Concepcihile to Shenyang-China are very different in their environmental setting, the type and level of their development, and the set-up and capacity of their administration. But most cities have in common enormous environmental problems and a strong commitment to resolving them.
Cities also increasingly have in common a firm understanding that solutions to their environmental problems, in order to be effective and sustainable, cannot depend upon external or central government support but must rely upon local technical and financial resources. Mobilisation and proper application of these resources from the local public, private, and community sectors requires new approaches to governance and urban management.
· Better Environmental
Information and Technical Expertise
Approaches for stronger local governance have been discussed and new principles have been adopted in a series of meetings. In Africa, in June 1995, more than 20 governments subscribed to the Dakar Declaration. Representatives from Asian, Latin American, and European cities also met in Madras in February 1996 to review their own experiences, and adopted similar principles in the Madras Declaration. In June 1996, as part of the Istanbul City Summit, the consolidated conclusions were presented by the cities and international programmes supporting them during a special meeting on "Implementing the Urban Environment Agenda." The participants unanimously adopted the Istanbul Manifesto, and called for further dialogue in an urban environment forum.