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close this bookFood and Energy - Strategies for Sustainable Development (UNU, 1990, 81 p.)
View the documentPreface
View the document1 Introduction
View the document2 Analytical Framework
View the document3 Integrated Food-Energy Systems
View the document4 Alternative Urban Development Strategies
View the document5 Urban Agriculture
View the document6 New Rural-Urban Configurations
View the document7 The Challenge of Biotechnology
View the document8 Sustainable Development
View the document9 Conclusion
View the documentAppendix I: FEN Programme Activities
View the documentAppendix II: FEN Publications
View the documentReferences

Appendix II: FEN Publications

Research Reports Published by FEN

  1. Panjwani, N. 1985. Citizen organizations and food-energy alternatives in Indian cities. 74 pp.
    A description of several innovative community development projects dealing with self-sufficiency.
  2. Lewis, C. 1985. The use of dynamic systems analysis to assess the potential for enhanced output in the rural communities of developing countries. 44 pp.
    A methodological approach to the selection of technologies and improved agricultural practices.
  3. Slesser. M. 1985. Energy systems analysis in food and energy crop production. 48 PP.
    A methodological approach for appraising resource implications of planning decisions.
  4. Silk. D. 1985. Food-energy nexus research in Canada. 55 pp.
    A state-of-the-art review of recent activities in this field.
  5. Moulik, T.K. 1985. Integrated food-energy systems in India. 34 pp.
    A description of numerous projects involving different forms of big-energy.
  6. Sokona, Y. et al. 1985. Femme-rgie-alimentation en Afrique de l'Quest. 60 pp.
    Three case studies of the role of women in providing food and energy in Senegal.
  7. Parish, J.K.1985. Farm gate to food plate. 60 pp.
    An analysis of energy use in the post-harvest food systems of India, Pakistan, Burma, and Sri Lanka.
  8. Dayal, M. 1985. Food-energy nexus activities in India. 64 pp.
    A description of numerous integrated rural development programmes.
  9. El-Issawy, l. 1985. Subsidization of food products in Egypt. 74 pp.
    An assessment of food subsidy programmes with special reference to the urban poor.
  10. Yeung, Y.M.1985. Urban agriculture in Asia. 44 pp.
    A review of urban agriculture in Shanghai, Lae, Penang, Hong Kong, Singapore, and Manila.
  11. La Rovere, E.L., and M.T. Tolmasquim. 1986. Integrated food-energy systems in Brazil. 66 pp.
    A description of on-going experiments involving the integrated production of food and energy.
  12. Finquelievich, S. 1986. Food and energy in Latin America: Provisioning the urban poor. 51 pp.
    A description of state and community-based initiatives designed to increase the availability of food and energy to low-income people.
  13. La Rovere, E. L. 1986. Food and energy in Rio de Janeiro: Provisioning the poor. 59 pp
    An analysis of different approaches (ranging from community-based to government planned) to improving access to food and energy by low-income people.
  14. Sanyal, B. 1986. Urban cultivation in East Africa. People's response to urban poverty. 75 pp.
    A socio-economic analysis of urban agriculture activities with special reference to Lusaka, Zambia.
  15. Parisot, R. 1986. Environmental impacts of food and energy production in India. 42 pp.
    An analytical review of recent publications and on-going projects and programmes.
  16. Perez, M. R., 1986. Sustainable food and energy production in the Spanish dehesa. 53 pp.
    An ecological analysis of traditional agricultural activity in open, savanna-like woodlands.
  17. Wisner, B. 1986. Food-energy nexus and ecosystem. 56 pp.
    An analytical report on the international symposium of the same name held in New Delhi.
  18. Khouri-Dagher, N.1987. Food and energy in Cairo: Provisioning the poor. 64 pp.
    A critical analysis of government policies on food and energy from the household perspective.
  19. Pincetl, S. 1987. The food-energy nexus in California. 60 pp.
    An analysis of how the agriculture industry responded to the energy crisis of 1973-1974.
  20. Pinton, F. 1987. Systs alimentaires en forcolombienne. 50 pp.
    An analysis of the use of energy in two food systems found in the tropical forest of Colombia.
  21. Peemans, J.-P. 1987. Social impact of food and energy technologies. 62 pp.
    An evaluation of the evolution of dominant food and energy systems and of the perspective for alternative developments in this field.
  22. Wade, l. 1987. Food self-reliance in third world cities. 46 pp.
    An examination of the potential for improving community-based food production, including a comparative analysis of such activities in Manila, Lusaka, and Mexico City.
  23. Tricaud, P.-M. 1987. Urban agriculture in Ibadan, and Freetown. 45 pp.
    A description of the extent, interest and possible actions to develop urban agriculture in the capitals of Oyo State, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone.
  24. Supachat, S. 1988. Access to food and energy in Thailand. 58 pp.
    A socio-economic description of the background and current trends in both rural and urban areas.
  25. Diallo, S., and Y. Coulibaly. 1988. Les dets urbains en milieu dni amako. 47 pp.; Ba, B. 1988. Alimentation-rgie en millieu urbain dni: le cas de Sgalis-Dakar. 34 pp.
    Case studies on urban wastes and access to food and energy by the urban poor in two West African cities.
  26. Kleer, J., and A. Wos, eds. 1988. Small-scale food production in Polish urban agriculture. 68 pp.
    The results of an interdisciplinary research project on the history, development, and current status of allotment gardens in Poland.
  27. Sachs, I., and D. Silk. 1988. Final report: 1983-1987. 38 pp.
    A description of activities undertaken by the Food-Energy Nexus Programme, including lists of all publications, projects, and meetings.

Occasional Papers and Co-publications of FEN

Bobo, L. 1984. Energie et alimentation au Senegal: comparaison de deux systs de pe. CIRED/AFME, Paris. 108 pp.

Butin, V.1984. De la for'irrigation: le cas du gazog en Inde. CIRED/AFME, Paris. 120 pp.

Catao Aguiar, S., and J. Jose Farias. 1986. "PRONATURE: Brazilian solution for industrial wastes producing energy and food." Occasional paper no. 1/86. 24 pp.

Cordova-Novion, C., and C. Sachs. 1987. Urban self-reliance directory IFDA/UNU, Paris. 214 pp.

Gutman, P., and G. Gutman. 1986. Agricultura urbane y periurbana en el Gran Buenos Aires, experiencias y perspectivas. CEUR/UNESCO, Buenos Aires. 275 pp.

Gutman, P.. G Gutman. and G. Dascal. 1987. El campo en la ciudad, la produccion agricola en el Gran Buenos Aires. CEUR/UNESCO, Buenos Aires.

Legal, P.-Y. 1984. Probls du dloppement rural au Cap Vert. CIRED/AFME, Paris. 87 pp.

Panwalker. V.G. 1986. "Food-energy nexus experiments in Bombay and New Bombay (final report)." Occasional paper no. 2186. 23 pp.

Schilizzi, S. 1984. Interface alimentation-rgie/The food-energy nexus: Bibliographie class CIRED/AFME, Paris. 45 pp.

SEMPLA. 1985. "America Latina: crise nas metropoles." Proceedings of the 1984 Sao Paulo seminar. PMSP/CEPAL, Sao Paulo. 143 pp.

Tricaud, P.-M. 1988. Agriculture urbaine reetown et Ibadan. Minist des Affaires Etrangers/Organisation et Environment, Paris. 53 pp.

FEN Research in Other Publications

Deelstra, T. 1987. Urban agriculture and the metabolism of cities. Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 9 (2): 5-7.

FINEP. 1985. "Ecossistemas, alimentos e energia." Proceedings of the 1984 Brasilia seminar. Vols. 1-3. UNESCO, Paris. 217 pp. ( Primarily in Portuguese with some English.)

-. 1985. "Ecosystems, food and energy." Proceedings of the 1984 Brasilia seminar. Vol. 1 (Synthesis report). UNESCO, Paris. 211 pp.

Finquelievich, S. 1985. "Les villes latino-amcaines: rgie et alimentation." Economie et Humanisme, 282: 28-33.

Gutman, P. 1985. "A la recherche de rnses nouvelles face aux besoins alimentaires et rgetiques dans les villes: le cas argentin." Economie et Humanisme, 282: 815.

-. 1987. "Urban agriculture: the potential and limitations of an urban self-reliance strategy." Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 9 (2): 37-42.

-.1987. "Pobreza urbane: explorando algunas microsoluciones pare macroproblemas." Desarrollo Economico, 27 (106): 279-289.

Khouri-Dagher, N. 1985. "Survivre au Caire: l'accaux aliments." Economie et Humanisme, 282: 16-24.

Kleer, J. 1987. "Small-scale agricultural production in urban areas in Poland." Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 9 (2): 24-28.

Panwalker, V.G. 1985. "L'agriculture urbaine a Bombay: quelques observations." Economie et Humanisme, 282: 25-27.

RECEM. 1986. Rede de comunica de experiias municipais. Municipios em busca de solus, Boletin No.1, CEPAM, Sao Paulo.

Sachs, C. 1985. "Les mopoles latino-amcaines face a la crise: experiences et politiques. " Economie et Humanisme, 282: 34-38.

Sachs. I. 1985. "Manger cult chaque jour." Economie et Humanisme, 282: 5-7.

-. 1986. "Social innoviations in the urban setting: Scope and evaluation criteria." IFDA Dossier, 53, May/June: 42-45.

-. 1986. "Market, non-market, quasi-market and the 'real' economy." Paper presented at the 8th IEA World Congress, New Delhi. In K.J. Arrow, ea., The balance between industry end agriculture in economic development. pp. 218-231. MacMillan Press, Basingstoke, U.K., 1988.

-. 1986. "A interface alimentos-energia: na busca de solus locals pare problemas globais." In Ecodesenvolvimento Crescer Sem Destruir. Terra dos Homens, Vertice, Sao Paulo. 207 pp.

-. 1986. "Work, food and energy in urban development." Development, 4: 2-11.

-. 1986. "Facing the crisis in large cities: Work, food and energy in urban development." Humanokologie und Geographie (Geographisches Institut, Zurich). pp. 137159.

-. 1986. "Les grandes villes face a crise: travail, nourriture et rgie dans l'ecodloppement urbain." Amque Latine, 18.

. 1986. "Trabalho, alimentacao e energia no ecodesenvolvimento urbano." In Espacos, Tempos e Estrategias do Desenvolvimento. Vertice Sul, Sao Paulo, 224 pp.

-.1986. "Food + energy = development." Work in Progress, 10(1) (UNU, Tokyo).

-. 1987. "Les champs de l'innovation sociale." Probls Politiques et Sociaux, no. 572, November. La Documentation Franse, Paris.

Sachs, I., and D. Silk. 1987. "Urban agriculture and self-reliance." Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 9 (2): 2-4.

Sachs, I., D. Maimon, and M.T. Tolmasquim. 1987. "The social and ecological impact of 'pro-alcohol'." IDS Bulletin, 18 (1): 39-45.

Sanchez, V. 1988. "Estructuras de lo cotidiano y funcionamiento de la 'economia real' en las ciudades: mas alla de la dicotomia formal-informal." Revista Interamericana de Planificion, XXII(85).

Streiffeler, F. 1987. "Improving urban agriculture in Africa: A social perspective." Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 9 (2): 8- 13.

Wade, I. 1987. "Community food production in cities of the developing nations." Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 9 (2): 29-36.

Yeung, M. 1987. "Examples of urban agriculture in Asia." Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 9(2): 14-23.

-. 1988. "Agricultural land use in Asian cities." Land Use Planning, 5 (1): 79-82.

Unpublished FEN Reports or Manuscripts

Abdel-Fadil, M. 1987. "Everyday structures and the working of the real economy in greater Cairo." 31 pp.

Asaduzzaman, M. 1988. "Access of urban poor to food and energy in Bangladesh."

Bailey, L. 1986. "Nairobi case study: Public policies leading to greater equity, efficiency and sustainability in urban energy management." 95 pp.

Carmona, L.S. 1987. "Research project on food, energy and public services self-reliance in Mexico City metropolitan area." 46 pp.

CEDAC. 1985. "Energy and food production in Osasco, Sao Paulo, Brazil." 24 pp.

CEPAM. 1987. "Alternative solutions to food production and distribution." Foundation Mayor Faria Lima, Sao Paulo.

CIEDA (Centro de Investigaciones en Energia, Desarrollo y Ambiente). 1987. "Energia y alimentacion en areas urbanas: un estudio de cave en Caracas." 191 pp.

Galilea, S., R. Jordan, and J. Weinstein. 1987. "The real economy of the metropolitan area of Santiago: Beyond the formal/informal dichotomy." 81 pp.

Ganapathy, R.S., and G. Padmanabhan. 1986. "Energy and urban development: the case of Ahmedabad." 145 pp.

GEIC. 1988. "Case studies of integrated food-energy systems in China."

Giner De Los Rios, F. 1986. "Everyday structures and the working of the real economy: Going beyond the formal/informal dichotomy." 86 pp.

Khosla, A. 1987. "The real economy of Delhi." 29 pp.

Leveque, F. 1986. "Recuperacion de los desechos urbanos de Managua, reporte de mision FEN/UNU." 49 pp. (In Spanish; English summary available.)

La Rovere, E. L., and T.K. Moulik. 1987. "Establishing a permanent international network on biomass-based agro-industrial-energy systems: Towards an alternative rural industrialization strategy." 17 pp.

Perlman, J. E. 1987. "Beggars and limousines: Everyday structures and the working of the real economy in New York City."

Robinson, J., ed. 1986. "The United Nations University Food-Energy (Modelling) Project." 347 pp,

Scartezzini, R. 1987. "Everyday structures and the working of the real economy in the city: The example of Rome." 35 pp.

Silk, D. 1988. "Food-energy nexus in Rwanda."

Urquiza, A., and R. O'Ryan. 1987. "Energia domestica en Chile urbano: estudio de un area de bajos ingresos." PRIEN (Programa de Investigaciones en Energia), Santiago. 75 pp.


Chapter 3

  1. Subsequent parts of this chapter borrow heavily from two reports prepared by Dr. Ben Wisner: "Report of the Seminar" included in the proceedings of the 1984 Brasilia seminar (FINEP/UNESCO 1986) and his report of the 1986 New Delhi conference (Wiener 1986).
  2. This section is based on the 1987 feasibility report on "Biomass-based Agro-Industrial-Energy Systems" prepared by Drs. E.L. La Rovere and T.K. Moulik for the UNU.

Chapter 4

  1. This section is based on the 1987 report, "Communication and Urban Self Reliance", prepared for FEN by Dr. Yves Cabannes of GRET (Technological Research and Exchange Group), Paris.
  2. See "Rede de Comunica Experiias Municipais," Municipios em Buscade Solus 1, no. 1 (1986).
  3. "La ville, un ab inconnu, est (vue de loin) une loterie; leut-e on aura des chances, tout au moins la mis plus libre."

Chapter 6

  1. The Urban Edge 12, no. 5 (June 1988).
  2. Senhor, 28 April 1988.
  3. The Urban Edge 11, no. 6 (July 1987).
  4. ILO Information 24, no. 1 (1988).