|Commercialization of Non-Timber Forest Products in Amazonia (NRI, 1993, 26 p.)|
ALLEGRETTI, M.H. (1990). Extractive reserves: an alternative for reconciling development and environmental conservation in Amazonia. In: Anderson, A.B. (ed.) Alternatives to Deforestation: Steps Towards Sustainable Use of the Amazon Rain Forest. New York: Colombia University Press.
ANDERSON, A.B. (1992). Land-use strategies for successful extractive economies. In: The Rainforest Harvest: Sustainable Strategies for Saving the Tropical Forests?London: Friends of the Earth.
ANDERSON, A.B. and ANDERSON, E. (1983). People and the Palm Forest: Biology and Utilization of BabaPalms in Maranahao, Brazil. USMAB Project Report. Gainesville: Department of Botany, University of Florida.
ANDERSON, A.B. and JARDIM, M. (1989). Costs and benefits of floodplain forest management by rural inhabitants in the Amazon estuary: a case study of A palm production. In: Browder, J. O., Fragile Lands in Latin America: The Search for Sustainable Uses. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press.
ANDERSON, A.B., MAY, P. and BALOCK, M. (1991). The Subsidy from Nature. New York: Columbia University Press.
ARKCOLL, D.B. and CLEMENT, C. 1989. Potential New Crops from the Amazon. In: Wickens, G.E., Haq, N. & Day, P. (eds.) New Crops for Food and Industry. London: Chapman and Hall.
BALEE, W. 1989. The culture of Amazonian forests. Advances in Economic Botany 7: 1-21
BALICK, M.J.1987. The economic utilization of the Babapalm: a conservation strategy for sustaining tropical forest resources. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 77 (4): 215-223
BROWDER, J.O. (1990). Social and Economic Constraints on the Development of Market-orientated Extractive Systems in Amazon Rain Forests. Mimeo. Virginia Polytechnic and State University.
BROWDER, J.O. (1992). The Limits of Extractivism: Tropical Forest Strategies beyond Extractive Reserves. BioScience 42 (3): 174-182
BROWN, I.F., NAPSTED, D., PIRES, I., LUZ. I., and ALECHANDRA, A. (in Press). Carbon storage and land use in extractive reserves, Acre, Brazil. Environmental Conservation.
CLAY, J. (1992). Report on Funding and Investment Opportunities for Income Generating Activities that could Complement Strategies to halt Environmental Degradation in the Greater Amazon Basin. Report for Biodiversity Support Program. USA: Cambridge.
CLEARY, D. (1992). Overcoming socio-economic and political constraints to "wise forest management": lessons from the Amazon. In: Wise Management of Tropical Forests. Proceedings of the Oxford Conference on Tropical Forests 1992. Oxford: Oxford Forestry Institute.
COLCHESTER, M. (1989). Indian development in Amazonia: risks and strategies. The Ecologist 19 (6): 249-256
EDEN, M.J. (1990). Ecology and Land Management in Amazonia. London: Belhaven Press.
FEARNSIDE, P.M. (1989). Extractive Reserves in Brazilian Amazonia: an opportunity to maintain tropical forest under sustainable use. Bioscience 39:387-393
GRADWOHL, J. and GREENBERG R. (1988). Saving the Tropical Forests. London: Earthscan.
GREEN, C.L. & HONE, G.A. (1991). Essential Oil Production in Developing Countries. Paper presented at the Third International Meeting on Aromatic and Medicinal Plants in December in Nyons, France. Chatham, UK: Natural Resources Institute.
GUENTHER, E. (1950). The Essential Oils, 4. New York: D van Nostraad Inc.
GRAY, A. (1990). Indigenous Peoples and the Marketing of the Rainforest. The Ecologist 20 (6): 223-227
HECHT, S., ANDERSON, A. and MAY, P. (1988). The Subsidy from Nature: Shifting Cultivation, Successional Palm Forests and Rural Development. Human Organization 47(1): 25-35
MOLT, J. (1991). Brazil Nuts. Amazonia Trading Company Ltd., Liverpool.
MOMMA, A.K.O. (1989). Reservas extravistas: uma op de desenvolvimiento vil pare a Amazonia? Para Desenvolvimiento 25: 38-48
LESCURE, J.P. and CASTRO, A. (1990). L'extractivsm en Amazonie Centrale Apercu des Aspects Economiques et Botaniques. UNESCO/IUFRO Workshop, Cayenne, May 1990.
MAY, P.H. (1990a). Local product markets for babaand agro-industrial change in Maranhao, Brazil. Advances in Economic Botany 8: 92-102
MAY, P.H. (1990b). A tragedy of the non-commons: recent developments in the Babapalm based industries in Maranhao, Brazil. Forests, Trees and Peoples Newsletter 11: 23-27
MAY, P.H. (1991). Building Institutions and Markets for Non-Wood Forest Products from the Brazilian Amazon. Unasylva 165: 9-16
MAY, P.H., ANDERSON, A., FRAZAO, M., and BALICK, M. (1985). Babapalm in the agroforestry systems in Brazil's mid-North Region. Agro-Forestry Systems 3: 275-295
MORAN, E. (1981). Developing the Amazon. Bloomington, USA: Indiana University Press.
MURPHY, R. and STEWARD, J. (1956). Tappers and trappers: parallel processes in acculturation. Economic Development and Culture Change 4: 335-353
NEPSTAD, D.C. et al. (In Press). Biotic impoverishment of Amazonian forests by NTFP extractors, loggers and cattle ranchers. Advances in Economic Botany.
NUGENT, S. (1991). The limitations of environmental "management'': forest utilization in the lower Amazon. In: GOODMAN, D. and REDCLIFT, M. (eds) Environment and Development in Latin America: The Politics of Sustainability. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press.
O'DONNELL SILLS, E. (1990). Extractive Reserves in the Brazilian Amazon. BA Thesis. United States: Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princetown University.
PADOCH, C. (1988). Aguaje (Mauritia flexuesa) in the economy of Iquitos, Peru. In: Balick M. (ed) The Palm - Tree of Life: Biology, Utilization and Conservation. Advances in Economic Botany 6: 214-224
PADOCH, C. (1989). Marketing of Non-timber Forest Products in Western Amazonia. General Observations and Research Priorities. Symposium on Extractive Economics in Tropical Forests: a Course for Action. National Wildlife Federation, Nov. 30 - Dec. 1. Washington DC.
PADOCH, C. and DE JONG, W. (1990). Santa Rosa: The Impact of the Forest Products Trade on an Amazonian Place and Population. Advances in Economic Botany 8: 151-158
PARFIT, M. (1989). Facing up to reality in the Amazon: whose hands will shape the future of the Amazon's green mansions? Smithsonian 20 (8): 58-77
PARKER, E.P. (1989). A Neglected Human Resource in Amazonia. The Amazon Caboclo. Advances in Economic Botany 7: 249-259
PAUL, V. (1991). Importance of Non-Wood Forest Products for Regional Trade in the Brazilian Amazon. Proceedings of World Forestry Congress 15.4: 119-124. Paris.
PEARCE, D., BARBIER, E., MARKANDYA, A., BARRETT, S., TURNER, R.K., SWANSON, T. (1991). Blueprint 2: Greening the World Economy. Earthscan. London.
PETERS, C.M., GENTRY, A. and MENDELSOHN, R. 1989. Valuation of an Amazonian Rain Forest. Nature 339: 655-6
PRANCE, G.T. (1989). Economic Prospects for Tropical Rainforest Ethnobotany. In: Browder J. Fragile Lands in Latin America: the Search for Sustainable Uses. Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado.
RICHARDS, E.M. (1991). The Forest Ejidos of South-East Mexico: A case study of community based sustained yield management. Commonwealth Forestry Review 70(4): 290-311.
ROMANOFF, S. (in press). Food and debt among rubber tappers in the Bolivian Amazon. Human Organization.
SCHMINK, M. 1991. Building institutions for sustainable development in Acre. Mimeo. University of Florida, Gainesville. Centre of Tropical Conservation and Development.
SCHMINK, M. and WOOD, C.H. (1986). The Political Ecology of Amazonia. Mimeo. University of Florida, Gainseville: Centre for Latin American Studies.
SCHWARTZMANN, S. (1989). Extractive Reserves: the Rubber Tappers strategy for sustainable land use of the Amazon rain forest. In: Browder, J. (1989) Fragile lands in Latin America: the Search for Sustainable Uses. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press.
SCHWARTZMANN, S. (1990). Marketing of Extractive Products in the Brazilian Amazon. Mimeo. New York: Environmental Defence Fund.
SCHWARTZMANN, S. (1991). Deforestation and Popular Resistance in Acre: from Local Social Movement to Global Network. The Centennial Review 35(2) 397-422
SCHWARTZMANN, S. (In Press). Land Distribution and the Social Costs of Frontier Development in Brazil: Social and Historical Context of Extractive Reserves. Advances in Economic Botany.
SCHWARTZMANN, S. and ALLEGRETTI, M. (1987). Extractive Production in the Amazon and the Rubber Tappers' Movement. New York: Environmental Defence Fund.
SIZER, N.C. (1991). Cattle Ranching and Rubber Tapping: Ecological, Social and Policy Impacts of Land Use in the Brazilian Amazon. Dissertation submitted in application for Research Fellowship, King's College, Cambridge.
SIZER, N. C. and MACMILLAN, G. (In Press). Revolution in the Rain Forest: Good News for Conservation? The Ecologist.
STRUDWICK, J. and SOBEL, G.L. (1988). Uses of Euterpe oleracea in the Amazon Estuary, Brazil. Advances in Economic Botany 6: 225-253
THIELE, G. (1990). Are Peasant Farming Systems in the Amazon Sustainable? Discussion Paper 282. University of Sussex, UK: Institute of Development Studies.
TORRES, H. and MARTINE, G. (1991). Amazonian Extractivism: Prospects and Pitfalls. Documento de Trabalho No.5. Brasilia, Brazil: Instituto Sociedade, Populala o Natureza.
VASQUEZ, R. and GENTRY, A.H. (1989). Use and misuse of forest-harvested fruits in the Iquitos area. Conservation Biology 3: 350-362