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close this bookA Training Manual in Conducting a Workshop in the Design, Construction, Operation, Maintenance and Repair of Hydrams (Peace Corps, 1981, 216 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentForeword
View the documentIntroduction
Open this folder and view contentsGuidelines for users
Open this folder and view contentsSession 1: Introduction to training (1½ hours)
Open this folder and view contentsSession 2: Introduction to hydrams (3½ hours)
Open this folder and view contentsSession 3: Water measurement techniques (3 hours)
Open this folder and view contentsSession 4: Measuring heads and distance (2-4 hours)
Open this folder and view contentsSession 5: Review exercise #1 (2 hours)
Open this folder and view contentsSession 6: Hydram theory (2-3 hour)
Open this folder and view contentsSession 7: Basic plumbing tools and materials (1-1½ hours)
Open this folder and view contentsSession 8: Hydram construction - Pipefitting (4 - 6 hours)
Open this folder and view contentsSession 9: Hydram design theory and parameters (2 hours)
Open this folder and view contentsSession 10: Hydram construction - concrete (18 hours over a 7 day period)
Open this folder and view contentsSession 11: Hydram component design criteria (1-1½ hours)
Open this folder and view contentsSession 12: Hydram selection (1½ - 3 hours)
Open this folder and view contentsSession 13: Inter-relationships within the hydram (11-15 hours)
Open this folder and view contentsSession 14: Repair and maintenance (2-4 hours)
Open this folder and view contentsSession 15: Review exercise #2 (2 hours)
Open this folder and view contentsSession 16: Use of multiple rams (1½ hours)
Open this folder and view contentsSession 17: Site development (2 hours)
Open this folder and view contentsSession 18: Hydram system site selection (2-4 hours)
View the documentSession 19: Project planning (2-4 hours)
View the documentSession 20: Wrap up and evaluation (2-4 hours)
View the documentGlossary of terms
View the documentEnglish-metric units conversion table
View the documentReferences
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Introduction

This training manual presents a comprehensive training design, suggested procedures, and materials for conducting a workshop in the design, construction, operation, maintenance and repair of hydrams, and planning and implementing hydram projects. It includes sessions for the design and construction of modified and fabricated pipefitting rams and cement rams, and complete instructions for a clear PVC demonstration ram. The training design incorporates a variety of active learning techniques and can be modified to fit the skills and needs of the participants. The workshop requires ten, eight hour working days. The activities have been designed for 15-20 participants with two trainers.

The training design is only as effective as the trainers who are using it. Trainers must have skills and experience with hydrams as well as training. They may find it necessary to modify the design to accommodate participants'skills and needs, the amount of time available for training, actual conditions at the training site, the number of participants and their training style. The success of the design, however, depends on the amount of practice and application participants experience.

This manual was produced under a Participating Agency Service Agreement between Peace Corps and the U.S. Agency for International Development. The initial work, including the technical content and material was prepared by Perennial Energy, Inc., which has conducted pre-service training for Peace Corps Volunteers. David Jessee, Ted Landers, Jay Dick, Brad Jacobs and Pat Wiersma were Perennial's significant contributors.

Trainers who participated in a selection and orientation workshop offered insights for revisions. That group included: Jim Bell, Paul Jankura, Steve Joyce, Dale Krenek, John Leo, Jack McCarthy, Judith Oki, Christopher Szecsey, Chris Walters, Maurice Wells and Terry Whitington.

The design was piloted in Costa Rica, by Dale Krenek, in Lesotho by Dale Krenek, Judith Oki and Terry Whitington; and in Fiji by David Jessee, Dale Krenek and Judith Oki. Those experiences completed the design revisions incorporated here.

Ongoing design, editing and production has been the task of the entire Peace Corps Energy Sector: Paul Jankura, Ada Jo Mann, Prudence Merton, and Pat Riley.

Judith Oki
Energy Training Specialist Office of Programming and Training Coordination,
October, 1981