|Health Education Syllabus Grade III Teachers' College In Uganda (SHEP, 63 p.)|
By the end of this Unit, students should be able to:-
1. Define safety, accidents poisoning and first Aid.
2. Explain childrens perceptions of safety, accidents, poisoning and first aid.
3. Identify causes of accidents
4. List types and sources of accidents
5. Describe and demonstrate the management of the following:-
(b) Stings and Snake bites
(g) Cuts and bleeding
(h) Nose bleeding
(i) Electric shocks and other shocks
(j) Shocks due to lightening
(l) Burns and scalds.
(m) Hyperthermia and dehydration
6. Demonstrate safety measures at college/school
7. Demonstrate how to administer First Aid for accidents
8. Take safety measures against accidents at college/school, in neighbourhood and on the road.
- Definition of safety
- Childrens perception of safety
- Safety measures at home, on the road, at school and community
- Safety at work
- Safety equipment e.g. eye and face protection, protective clothing.
- Safety carriers (first aid box)
- Safety rules and rules e.g. warning signs, prohibition signs, mandatory signs and safe condition signs.
- Managing safety.
Definition of accident
Childrens perception of accident
Types and sources of accidents.
Skeletal and Muscular Injuries
- Fractures and sprains and their main symptoms
- Common causes of fractures and sprains and some practical ways of preventing them.
- Proper first aid procedures for fractures and sprains.
- High risk activities and risk taking.
- Electricity as a form of energy that has many uses.
- Dangers/effects of electricity to the human body (electrical injuries).
- Precautions and first Aid for electrical injuries.
Prevention of electrical shock.
(a) Frayed wires should be covered.
(b) Repair of any electrical appliance not to be done when it is still plugged in the socket.
(c) Avoid touching electrical wires outside the house.
(d) Electrical appliances should not be touched with wet hands.
(e) Electrical wires that are used about the home should be insulated.
(f) The red and blue wires should never be brought into contact or joined when the current is on.
(g) Avoid using broken electrical appliances and appliances not fitted with plugs e.g. switch -holders etc..
(h) Electrical tools should be insulated.
(a) Burns and Scalds:
Definition of burns and scalds. Mention the differences between a burn and a scald. Degrees of burns: (First, second, and third degree burns).
- Prevention of burns:
Emphasis on how to avoid accidents that happen around the home (during food preparation, putting stores in protected places, keeping children away from hot liquids like porridge, soups, water and hot soups, and hot solids like irons, burning charcoal etc).
- Fire hazards and precautions. Acting in the event of fire (raising alarm, evacuation, summoning Fire Brigade..).
- definition of fever
- signs of fever
- effects of fever
- first Aid for fever,
- management of fever.
- definition and causes of fainting
- first aid for fainting
- definition of drowning
- definition of near-drowning
- first aid for drowning/near drowning.
Prevention of drowning:
- being aware of potential sites where drowning can occur: (streams, springs, basins etc..)
- supervising growing children carefully around these places.
- recognising/danger signs of drowning
(e) Other causes of accidents
- Mechanical hazards (use of tools and machines)
- Radiation hazards
- Biological hazards
- Chemical hazards
- Natural hazards (lightening)
- Carelessnes, over drinking, over speeding etc.
- Definition of poisoning
- Food poisoning (action of micro-organisms)
- Inadiquate cooking and preparation of food
- Poisonous plants and fungi (mushroom poisoning)
- Toxic chemicals including drugs, alkalis, acids, arsenic and mercury and lead compounds and salts of heavy metals)
- Poisoning with paraffin, petrol, bleach, pesticides.
- Wrong use of containers e.g. pesticide & paint tins etc.
- Snake poison and action (myotoxic, haemotoxic, neurotic and cardiotoxic).
- Insect stings and treatment
- Management of poisoning.
4. FIRST AID
- Definition and principles of First Aid.
- Component of First Aid Kit
- Administration of First Aid for accidents (burns and scalds, cuts and wounds, fracture and sprain, electric shock..)
- First Aid organizations (Red Cross/Red Crescent, St. Johns Ambulance)
1. The Highway code should be introduced and discussed. Let students be familiar with it.
(a) Procedures for handling fractures, sprains.
(b) Practical ways of avoiding road accidents.
3. Collection of insulators by students (pot, rubber, plastic, dry wood, porcelain). Demonstrate to students how these things can be used in cases of electrical accidents.
4. Invite resource persons to talk about:-
(a) Poisoning with petrol, paraffin or bleach and their First Aid to be given.
(b) Skeletal and muscular injuries (fractures and sprains and their main signs and symptoms)
5. If possible visit the nearest shipping port like Port Bell etc.. and let students learn the techniques of using Life Saver.
(a) Basic primary Science and Health Teachers Guide Vol. 2
(b) Basic Primary Science Course for Uganda Teachers Guide Vol. 3
(c) Basic Primary Science and Health Volume I
(d) Basic Primary Science Course for Uganda volumes 2 and 1.
(e) ASE, safeguards in the school laboratory, 1988.
(f) First aid books from St. John Ambulance or Red Cross.