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close this bookSchool Health Education to Prevent AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) : Handbook for Curriculum Planners (UNESCO - WHO, 1994, 88 p.)
close this folderA. Designing the programme
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentProgramme model
View the documentMaking a situation assessment
View the documentDefining the type of programme
View the documentSelecting objectives
View the documentMaking a curriculum plan
View the documentPlanning for material production
View the documentDeveloping the students’ activities
View the documentParticipation of parents and family members
View the documentInvolvement of peer leaders
View the documentDeveloping the teachers’ guide
View the documentValidating the curriculum
View the documentPlanning for teacher training
View the documentDesigning the programme evaluation

Validating the curriculum

Once your curriculum has been designed, it is important to pre-test and validate it. For the pre-test, try out the activities with students and teachers in some schools. Note the reactions of students, the skills needed by the teachers, the time needed to give the instructions and complete the activities, and the kind of class management that is most appropriate. Try the activities using different methods, e.g. group work and blackboard, group work and discussion. This exercise will make sure that the instructions you give to teachers in the teachers’ guide are realistic, and take into account the availability of materials in the classroom. After the field test, revise the students’ activities and teachers’ guide.

A pilot programme in some 6 to 10 schools, that includes the testing at the end, is highly recommended. This is best done in collaboration with researchers from the education department of a university, or from the teacher training college.

Community acceptance is also necessary for the success of a new programme. Have the programme reviewed by:

· Students
· Parents
· Health professionals
· Representatives from various religious groups
· Teachers
· Education officials
· Social workers
· Ministry of Health officials
· People with HIV or AIDS
· Care givers to people with AIDS.

In addition to the list above, there may be others that you can identify. Decisions must be made on how many validators should be used. Too many can be unmanageable, and too few will reduce credibility of the programme. The usual procedure is to provide the selected individuals with copies of the curriculum to be reviewed and either:

a) collect their comments for consideration; or
b) meet as a committee to review recommendations.1

1 See School Health Education to Prevent AIDS and STD

This review process minimizes public opposition to the programme and provides advance publicity and support for the curriculum.

Handbook for curriculum planners