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close this bookSchool Health Education to Prevent AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) : Handbook for Curriculum Planners (UNESCO - WHO, 1994, 88 p.)
close this folderA. Designing the programme
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentProgramme model
View the documentMaking a situation assessment
View the documentDefining the type of programme
View the documentSelecting objectives
View the documentMaking a curriculum plan
View the documentPlanning for material production
View the documentDeveloping the students’ activities
View the documentParticipation of parents and family members
View the documentInvolvement of peer leaders
View the documentDeveloping the teachers’ guide
View the documentValidating the curriculum
View the documentPlanning for teacher training
View the documentDesigning the programme evaluation

Making a curriculum plan

Now that you have selected objectives that are relevant to your country, it is important to make a curriculum plan.

The following points may help you with that task:

· Objectives can be repeated at other grades if you use a sequential programme, but student activities may be different.

· Unit 1 - Basic Knowledge of HIV/AIDS/STD - should be taught mainly in the early grades and emphasis on this should gradually decrease in later years, when a recap will be enough.

· Remember the time distribution: Unit 1 = 25%; Unit 2+3 = 50%; Unit 4 = 25% over the whole programme.

· Assess degree of difficulty of each activity - some are easier than others.

· On average, each activity takes 3/4 to 1 hour (depending on the ability of teachers and students).

· Generally, there will be greater acceptance of a unit on condoms, if there is a strong unit on delaying sex.

· The curriculum should include some information on condoms. Classroom activities on condoms and on saying no to unprotected sex are also strongly recommended. A graduated programme is often effective (if you use a sequential approach) - start slowly in the early grades and increase awareness in the later grades. The section on condoms will be useful in the future to those young people who are not yet sexually active, and will be useful immediately to those who already are.

· The degree of involvement of young people in Unit 4 will depend on the HIV/AIDS situation in your country. Where there are a large number of HIV/AIDS cases, and young people or their parents are expected to care for these people, an extensive unit would be advised. Take into consideration the projections for the next 5 years, and not only the present situation.

· Review the conclusions of your initial assessment study, and make sure that the activities reflect the most common situations of risk for young people in your country, both in rural and urban areas. For example, boys may be pressured by peers to have sexual intercourse to prove their maturity, or girls to prove their attachment or because they are not in a position to refuse. Activities on how to respond to these pressures will have to be part of unit 2.

A sample curriculum is illustrated below. It is a sequential curriculum for grades 6,7,8.

Grade level

Objectives

Activities

6 Approximate Age: 12-14

Unit 1 (4 hours) Basic information on HIV/AIDS/STD


1. Differentiate between HIV, AIDS, and STD

1.1,1.2


2. Identify ways of transmission of HIV

1.4, 1.6


3. Identify ways in which HIV/STD are not transmitted

1.5


4. Rank methods of HIV/STD prevention for effectiveness

1.10


Unit 2 (4 hours) Responsible behaviour: delaying sex



1. Discuss reasons for delaying sexual intercourse

2.1,2.2


2. Describe the types of assertive behaviour and the steps to a simple assertive message

2.8, 2.9, 2.10, 2.11, 2.12


Unit 3 (1 hour) Responsible behaviour: protected sex


1. Know basic information about condoms

3.1


Unit 4 (1 hour) Care and support for people with HIV/AIDS


1. Know the meaning of discrimination and how people discriminate against people with HIV/AIDS

4.1,4.2


Total programme time =10 hours

7 Approximate Age: 13-15

Unit 1 (2 hours) Basic information on HIV/AIDS/STD


1. Identify ways in which HIV/STD are not transmitted (review)

1.8


2. Identify methods of HIV/STD prevention (review)

1.11


3. Identify sources of help in the community

1.17


Unit 2 (3 hours) Responsible behaviour: delaying sex


1. Discuss help for delaying sex

2.5


2. Review assertive message and learn refuse, delay, and bargain assertive messages

2.13, 2.14, 2.15


Unit 3 (1 hour) Responsible behaviour: protected sex


1. Respond to arguments against condom use

3.2


Unit 4 (2 hours) Care and support for people with HIV/AIDS


1. Identify why it is important to be compassionate and ways of being compassionate

4.3,4.4


Total programme time = 8 hours

8 Approximate Age: 14-16

Unit 1 (2 hours) Basic information on HIV/AIDS/STD


1. Identify ways in which HIV/STD are not transmitted (review)

1.9


2. Rank methods of HIV/STD prevention for effectiveness

1.12


3. Know the progression of HIV/AIDS (signs and symptoms)

1.13


Unit 2 (2 hours) Responsible behaviour: delaying sex


1. Alternative ways of being affectionate without having sexual intercourse

2.6


2. Recognize and avoid situations that lead to sexual abuse

2.17


Unit 3 (2 hours) Responsible behaviour: protected sex 1. Know the steps in using a condom correctly

3.3, 3.4


2. Respond to pressures for unprotected sex

3.5, 3.6


Unit 4 (2 hours) Care and support for people with HIV/AIDS



1. Care for people with AIDS in the family and community

4.5, 4.6, 4.7


Total programme time = 8 hours

Total time for sequential curriculum = 26 hours

Time by unit:

Unit 1 = 8 hours (30%)
Unit 2+3 = 13 hours (50%)
Unit 4 = 5 hours (20%)