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close this bookBasic Guide to Evaluation for Development Workers (Oxfam, 1995, 96 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentAcknowledgements
Open this folder and view contents1 Introduction
Open this folder and view contents2 Putting evaluation in context
Open this folder and view contents3 Traditional and alternative models of evaluation
Open this folder and view contents4 The purpose and use of evaluation
Open this folder and view contents5 Putting evaluation into practice
Open this folder and view contents6 Some practical considerations when planning an evaluation
Open this folder and view contents7 Using evaluation: feedback and follow-up
View the documentAppendix 1 Checklist of questions
View the documentAppendix 2 Developing an evaluation plan
View the documentAppendix 3 Tasks for the team leader
View the documentAppendix 4 Suggestions for content of an evaluation report
View the documentAppendix 5 Advantages and disadvantages of external and internal evaluators
View the documentReferences and further reading
View the documentOxfam Books

References and further reading

1 Books on evaluation on which this guide is based:

AGKED and MISEREOR Evaluations in the Churches' Development Cooperation: A Workbook for Implementing Partner Organisations and Support Agencies

AGKED, Kniebisstr. 29, D-7000 Stuttgart 1, or MISEREOR, Mozartstr. 9, D-5000 Aachen, June 1991, 90 pp.

Beaudoux, E. et al Supporting Development Action at Community Level: A Methodological Guide

Macmillan/COTA 1992 187pp.

Feuerstein, M-T Partners in Evaluation: Evaluating Development and Community Programmes with Participants

Macmillan, TALC, 1986,196 pp.

(The same book is translated into Portuguese: Avalial come ava liar progra rnas de desen vo lvimen to com a part icipa da co munidade, ISBN 85-05-01098-1 Edicoes Paulinas, SPaula, 1990. Available through ARTHAG.)

NORAD, Guide to Planning and Evaluating NGO Projects

Part 1—Principles and Policies of Development Assistance pp.25. Part 2—Core Elements in Planning Development assistance pp.42 Part 3—Project implementation pp.35

Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD), Division for Non-Governmental Organisations, Oslo, Norway.

English translated from Norwegian March 1989.

UNICEF, Guide for Monitoring and Evaluation

Evaluation office UNICEF, 3 UN Plaza, New York, NY 10017USA. 131pp. Also in French and Spanish. UNICEF publishes a wide range of material on evaluation in a variety of languages.

Willot, P'L'auto-evaluation Assiste'e', pp.27, 1982, Centre pour la recherche interdisciplinaire sur le developpement (CRID) rue Valduc, 152, B-1160 Brussels, Belgium.

(Only available in French.

Choudhary A and Tandon R Pariticpatory Evaluation: Issues and concerns, PRIA, New Delhi, 80pp.

2 Further reading on evaluation and project planning:

Anderson M B and Woodrow PJ Rising from the Ashes: Development Strategies in Times of Disaster.

Westview Press/UNESCO, Paris, 1989.

Carr, M., de Crombrugghe, G. and Howes, M. Assessing Development Projects:An Approach to Evaluation as if People Mattered

Le Collective d'Echanges pour la Technologie Approprie (COTA), Rue de la Sabonniere 18, B-1000 Brussels, October 1984, pp.40 plus appendices

Casley, D. J. and Kumar, K. The Collection, Analysis, and Use of Monitoring and Evaluation Data

A World Bank Publication, John Hopkins Press, Baltimore, 1988, 180 pages

Coleman, C 'Project planning: logical framework approach to the monitoring; and evaluation of agricultural and rural development projects', in Project Appraisal vol 2 no 41987 pp 251—259.

Eade D and Williams SW, The Oxfam Handbook: Development and Relief. Oxfam, Oxford, 1995. (The Resources Directory gives addresses of organisations who are likely to publish books on evaluation in various languages.)

Forum Valutazione, periodical with a variety of articles on evaluation in Englaish, Spanish, Italian, French, produced by CISP, Via Marianna Dioigi, 57 00193 Roma

Herman, J L., Morris, L L. and Fitz-Gibbon, C. T. Program Evaluator's Kit

1 Evaluator's handbook
2 How to focus an evaluation
3 How to design a program evaluation
4 How to use qualitative methods in evaluation 5 How to assess program implementation
6 How to measure attitudes
7 How to measure performance and use tests 8 How to analyze data
9 How to communicate evaluation findings

Hope A and Timmel S Training for Transformation: A Handbook for Community Workers. Mambo Press, Gweru, Zimbabwe 1987

Kabeer, N. 'Gender, development and training: raising awareness in the planning process', in Development in Practice, vol 1, no 31991, Oxfam

Marsden, D. and Oakley, P. (eds) Evaluating Social Development Projects, Oxfam Development Guidelines Series No. 5

Oxfam, Oxford, 1990,162 pp

Moser, C O N 'Gender planning in the Third World: meeting practical and strategic gender needs', World Development vol 17,11 1989

Moser, C O N Gender Planning and Development Theory, Practice, and Training

Routledge, London and New York, 1993 285pp

Narayan, D Participatory Evaluation: Tools for Managing Change in Water and Sanitation, Technical Paper 207.

World Bank, 1993.

Parker, A R, Another Point of View: A Manual on Gender Analysis Training for Grassroots Workers.

UNIFEM, 1993.
Patton, M. Q. Qualitative Evaluation and Research Methods
Sage Publications, 28 Banner Street, London EC14 8QE,1990
(2nd ed.), 500 pages

Patton, M. Q. Utilization focused evaluation Sage Publications,1978.

Patton M Q Practical Evaluation
Sage Publications, 1982 319pp

Pfohl, J. Participatory Evaluation: A User's Guide. USAID Sri Lanka, 1986. Available from PACT.

Programme for International Development, Clark University, An Introductin to Participatory Rural Appraisal for Rural Resource Management

Clark University, Worcester, Mass. and National Environment Secretariat, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources, nairboi, Kenya, 1989.

Rao, A., Anderson, M B., Overholt C A. Gender Analysis in Development Planning: A Casebook, Kumarian Press, 1991

Reading Rural Development Communications, 'Bulletin 14'— March/April 1982, University of Reading Agricultural and Rural Development Centre.

(Special issue on evaluation. Includes Oakley P 'Evaluating social development: how much or how good?' and Feuerstein M T 'Participatory evaluation: by, with and for the people'.)

Riddell, R. Judging Success: Evaluating NGO Approaches to Alleviating Poverty in Developing Countries

ODI, Working Paper 37, London, May 1990, 50 pages

Robinson M and Thin N Project Evaluation: A Guide for NGOs ODA, 1993, 40pp.

Rugh, J. Self-Eualuation Ideas for Participatory Evaluation of Rural Community Development Projects

World Neighbours Publication, Oklahoma City, 1986, 42 pp.

Sartorious, R F The logical framework approach to project design and management', in Evaluation Practice vol 12 no 21991 pp 139147.

SCF Toolkits: Gosling L with Edwards M, Assessment, Monitoring, Review and Evaluation.

SCF, 1994.

Srinivasan, L Tools for Community Participation: A Manual for Training Trainers in Participatory Techniques.

PROWWESS/UNDPTechnical Series, 1990.

Thomas-Slayter B and Esser A L, Tools of Gender Analysis: A Guide to Field Methods for Bringing Gender ito Sustainable Resource Management.

ECOGEN Research Project, Internal Development Programme, Clark University, Worcester, Mass., 1993.

Zivetz, Laurie Project Identification, Design and Appraisal: A Manual for NGOs, ACFOA, Canberra, 1990

3 Further reading on Rapid Rural Appraisal and other research methods

Aga Khan Foundation Rapid Participatory Rural Appraisal. Frontiers of Research
AKF, 33 Thurloe Square, London, October 1991, 130 pages

Chambers, R. Putting The Last, First, Longman 1983

Chambers, R PRA Notes: available from IIED, London.

Clark University, Programme for International Development, Implementing PRA: A Handbook to Facilitate Participatory Rural Appraisal, March 1992.

(This and other publications available from Program for International Development, Clark University, 950 main Street, Worcester, MA 015401477, USA. free to agencies working in the same field.)

Grandin, B E. Wealth Ranking in Smallholder Communities: A Field Manual

Intermediate Technology Publications, 1988, 49 pp.

Gueye B and Schoonmaker-Freudenberger K Introduction a la methode accelere de recherche participative (MARP); quelques notes pour appuyer une formation pratique, London IIED, 1991.

Guijt, I; (ed) Tecnicas de comunicacao para exknsionistas; relatorio de um seminario em diagnostico rural (rapido) participative. SARDEP/IIED, 1991.

(Portuguese language—report of a seminar on PRA techniques available from IIED., 3 Endsleigh Street, London WCIH ODD.)

Nichols, P. Social Survey Methods: A Fieldguide for Development Workers, Oxfam Development Guidelines Series No. 6

Oxfam, Oxford, 1991, 130 pp

Pratt, B. Loizos, P. Choosing Research Methods: Data Collection for Development Workers, Oxfam Development Guidelines Series No. 7

Oxfam, Oxford, 1992,128 pp
RRA Notes Series available from IIED, London.

These are regular collections of individual researcher's, practitioner's, or group's experiences with RRA and PRA.

Theis, J. and Grady, H.M. Participatory Rapid Appraisal for Community Development.