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close this bookGender and the Expansion of non-traditional Agricultural Exports in Uganda (UNRISD, 2000, 66 p.)
close this folder6. Gender and NTAE Promotion: Findings from the Field Studies
View the document(introduction...)
View the document6.1 Village Characteristics
View the document6.2 Supply Response
View the document6.3 Labour Constraints
View the document6.4 Other Constraints on Production
View the document6.5 Control and Expenditure of Cash Crop Income

6.1 Village Characteristics

Kitanyatta is in Masindi District, in the northwest region of the country. Gonve is in Mukono district in the central region, close to Kampala and bordering Lake Victoria. Resources, including fish, are more abundant in Gonve, and soils tend to be better as well. The primary cash crops in Kitanyatta are food crops - maize, beans and cassava - while the primary cash crops in Gonve are vanilla and coffee. According to Agricultural Policy Secretariat data, coffee and vanilla contribute 70 per cent and 25 per cent respectively of household cash income in Gonve, while maize contributes 74 per cent of household cash income in Kitanyatta (Government of Uganda, 1996/97).

Gonve is a relatively prosperous village, with poverty being significantly higher in Kitanyatta, according to national statistics. Local perceptions agree with these data; the PRA exercise indicated that 68 per cent of households were considered well-off in Gonve, while only 25 per cent were well-off in Kintayatta (table 9).

Table 9
Socioeconomic status of households

Household category

Gonve

Kitanyatta


number

%

number

%

Very poor/destitute

11

5.6

41

20.5

Poor

53

26.9

104

54.4

Fairly well off

128

65.0

46

23.8

Very well off

5

2.5

1

0.5

Female-headed households represent around 12 per cent of the sample of 396 households. This is significantly lower than the proportion found in larger, nationally representative surveys, such as the 1992 Integrated Household Survey. The difference may be due to the regions in which Kitanyatta and Gonve are located, to different ways of assessing what a female-headed household is, or to this survey missing some female-headed households.

Table 10
Household type


Male-headed monogamous
%

Male-headed polygamous
%

Female- headed
%

Child-headed
%

N

Gonve

67

18

14

1

197

Kitanyatta

69

20

11

-

199

Both

68

19

12

1

396