|Effective Communications for Nutrition in Primary Health Care (UNU, 1988, 208 p.)|
|Country and project reports|
Korea Institute for Population and Health, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Fifty-seven per cent of the Korean population lived in urban areas in 1980. A consequence of this is the emergence of urban slum squatters who are unskilled and socio-economically underprivileged, and who often receive inadequate health care.
The Korean Institute for Population and Health has been entrusted by the government to carry out a demonstration project for urban primary health care (1982-1986). The project began in Seoul and will be replicated throughout the major cities if it proves effective.
The nutrition service component of the project, provided by the newly developed community health practitioners, includes nutrition consultation, education, demonstration, and weight/height measurements.
To cite an example, one of several slide packages consists of 41 slides containing messages on (a) balanced diet - meaning, significance, and how to plan; (b) proper cooking methods; and (c) food practices and beliefs of pregnant women and how mothers should feed infants and preschool children. Various signs and symptoms of deficiency diseases are presented and food items to remedy these deficiencies are promoted. Proper infant-feeding practices, such as breast-feeding, supplementary foods, and improved maternal diets during pregnancy, are encouraged.