Cover Image
close this bookBasic Husbandry Practices and Veterinary Care (IIRR, 1996, 60 p.)
View the documentForeword
View the documentBody parts of farm animals
View the documentNames of farm animals
View the documentFarm animals and their young
View the documentLivestock production
View the documentReproduction of poultry
View the documentBreeding
View the documentCare of calves and kids at birth
View the documentCare of piglets
View the documentFeeding orphaned animals
View the documentNutrition
View the documentDeworming
View the documentVaccination
View the documentCastration
View the documentHoof trimming
View the documentDehorning
View the documentClipping milk teeth of piglets
View the documentDisinfection of pen and equipment
View the documentWaste management and disposal
View the documentPesticides


Pesticides are substances which kill or repel pests.

Most pesticides are harmful to people and animals when they enter the body through the mouth, skin or nose, Skin contact is most difficult to prevent.

Safe disposal of chemical pesticides and their containers

To avoid accidental poisoning of people and animals, carefully dispose of empty containers and unused pesticides. Bury these in a pit far from any water source to avoid contamination.

Burn empty pesticide bags and cardboard containers in the open. Keep away from the smoke. Cover the ashes with soil. Ensure that the buried ashes can not contaminate water sources.

Burning empty pesticides bags

Signs of pesticide poisoning in animals

- Swaying
- Incoordination
- Vomiting
- Sleepiness
- Frothy mouth

Botanical pesticides

Botanical pesticides are formulations made from plants and other materials found in the environment. They are less toxic than commercial pesticides and can be prepared by farmers.



1 kg Gliricidia (madre de cacao) leaves
2 tablespoons vinegar
1 gallon water powdered detergent (enough to saturate the water)

To saturate the water add powdered detergent until no more powder will dissolve.

Tools needed

- Strainer
- Sprayer

1. Pound 1 kg of Gliricidia leaves.
2. Soak overnight in 1 gallon of water.
3. Add 2 tablespoons of vinegar.
4. Strain.
5. Add powdered detergent to the solution.
6. Spray or bathe the animal with the solution.

Botanical pesticides preparing

This natural pesticide can control external parasites like mites ticks and lice.