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close this bookEthnoveterinary Medicine in Asia - General Information (IIRR, 1994, 145 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentCollaborating organizations
View the documentIntroduction to the workshop process
View the documentHow to use these manuals
View the documentIdentification, collection and preparation of medicinal plants
View the documentApplication of herbal medicine
View the documentCommon units of measurement
View the documentEstimating live weight
View the documentSimple surgical techniques
View the documentTreating castration wounds
View the documentGlossary of english and botanical names
View the documentGlossary of medicinal plants
View the documentEthnoveterinary question list
View the documentGlossary of technical terms
View the documentParticipants' profile
View the documentReferences

Glossary of medicinal plants

This glossary lists all ethnoveterinary plants that are mentioned in the manuals. It does not include poisonous plants described in the section Poisoning in Ruminants.

The plants are ordered alphabetically by their botanical name. In addition to the botanical name, each entry provides the English name if known, the various plant Parts used and the known uses for each plant part mentioned in the manuals. The only exception is bamboo because it consists of several different genera and species. Therefore, it was not always possible to determine which genus or species was meant when farmers use "bamboo." Therefore, only the English name is given.

To make it easy for the reader to find the section in the manuals that corresponds to each use, the wording of the "known uses" closely follows or includes the headings of the chapter titles where the plants and treatments are mentioned.

In a few cases, a reference in [ ] is added after a specific plant part and known use. It refers to the publication which contains the scientific validation for the plant's efficacy in treating the problem in the livestock species in question (marked in the corresponding chapter and treatment with code No. 6). The complete citation of the reference appears in the section on References.

Abelmoschus esculentus
Ladyfinger, Okra

Parts used
Leaf, root and seed

Usage
Decreased milk flow

Booklet
Ruminants


Abelmoschus esculentus

Abrus precatorius
Prayer beads

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Fowl pox

Booklet
Poultry


Abrus precatorius

Acacia arabica

Parts used

Bark
Leaf and pod
Whole plant

Usage
Vaginal bleeding (Pregnancy and birthing)
Feed
Fencing (Housing)

Booklet
Ruminants
Ruminants
Ruminants


Acacia arabica

Acacia catechu
Catachu

Parts used
Sap

Usage
Wounds and diarrhea

Booklet
Ruminants

Acacia concinna

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Bloat

Booklet
Ruminants

Acacia farnesiana

Parts used
Whole plant

Usage
Fencing (Housing)

Booklet
Ruminants

Acacia insuavis

Parts used
Branch

Usage
Diarrhea

Booklet
Poultry

Acacia rugata

Parts used
Pod

Usage
Coughs and colds

Booklet
Swine

Acacia spp.

Parts used
Whole plant

Usage
Fencing (Housing)

Booklet
Poultry

Acorus calamus

Parts used
Root

Usage
Eye disease

Booklet
Ruminants


Acorus calamus

Actinopetris fennis

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Bleeding

Booklet
Ruminants

Adhatoda vasica

Parts used
Leaves, rhizome

Usage
Coughs and colds

Booklet
Ruminants

Aegale marmelos
Indian Bael

Parts used
Bark, flower, fruit, leaf, root, stem
Fruit

Usage
Dehydration
Diarrhea

Booklet
Ruminants
Ruminants


Aegale marmelos

Albizzia myriophylla

Parts used
Bark

Usage
Coughs and colds

Booklet Swine


Allium cepa
Onion

Parts used
Bulb

Usage
Coughs and colds, fungus

Booklet
Poultry


Allium cepa

Allium sativum
Garlic

Parts used
Bulb

Usage
After birth, coughs and colds, newborn's navel, wounds
Retained placenta (Breeding)
Appetizer, coughs and colds, feed, fungus, wounds
Diarrhea
Intestinal worms
Warts (Surgery)

Booklet [Reference]
Ruminants
Swine
Poultry
Poultry[Rao et al. 1983]
Poultry [Yebron 1994]
General information


Allium sativum

Aloe vera
Aloe

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Constipation, eye disease, pregnancy and birthing difficulties, wounds
Wounds

Booklet
Ruminants
Poultry


Aloe vera

Alpinia galanga
Greater galangal

Parts used
Rhizome

Usage
Appetizer, coughs and colds, fungus

Booklet
Ruminants


Alpinia galanga

Alstonia scholaris

Parts used
Bark, leaf and stem

Usage
Appetizer

Booklet
Swine


Alstonia scholaris

Amaranthus gracilis

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Care during pregnancy (Breeding), constipation

Booklet
Swine

Amaranthus spinosus

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Care during pregnancy (Breeding), constipation

Booklet
Swine


Amaranthus spinosus

Ananas sativus
Pineapple

Parts used
Fruit wastes

Usage
Feed

Booklet
Ruminants


Ananas sativus

Andrographis paniculata
Bitters

Parts used
Stem
Juice
Whole plant

Usage
Diarrhea
Newcastle disease (Infectious diseases)
Coughs and colds

Booklet
Poultry
Poultry
Poultry


Andrographis paniculata

Andropogon annulatus
Marvel grass

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Decreased milk flow

Booklet
Ruminants

Andropogon citrates
See Cymbopogon citratus

Annona muricata
Sour sop

Parts used
Seed
Leaves

Usage
Lice
Foot rot, wound.

Booklet
Swine
Ruminants


Annona muricata

Annona reticulata

Parts used
Seed

Usage
Lice

Booklet
Swine

Annona squamosa
Sugar apple, custard apple, sweet sop

Parts used
Fruit
Leaf
Seed

Usage
Wounds
Bleeding, foot rot, wounds
Eye, disease, internal parasites
Lice, scabies
Tick and lice
Wounds

Booklet
Poultly
Ruminants
Swine
Swine
Poultry, ruminants
Poultry


Annona squamosa

Arachis hypogaea
Ground nut, peanut

Parts used
Seed

Usage
After birth
Feed
Decreased milk flow

Booklet
Ruminants
Poultry, ruminants and swine
Ruminants


Arachis hypogaea

Areca catechu
Betel nut

Part used
Nut

Usage
Internal parasites
Intestinal worms
Liverflukes

Booklet
Ruminants, swine
Poultry
Ruminants


Areca catechu

Aristolochia bracteata
Worm killer

Parts used
Leaf

Usage

Constipation, internal parasites

Booklet
Ruminants

Artemisia vulgaris

Parts used
Leaf
Root and stem

Usage
Internal parasites, scabies
Scabies

Booklet
Swine
Swine


Artemisia vulgaris

Artocarpus heterophyllus
Jack fruit

Parts used
Leaf and fruit

Usage
After birth, feed, wounds

Booklet
Ruminants


Artocarpus heterophyllus

Azadirachta indica
Neem tree

Parts used
Bark
Leaf
Seed
Whole plant

Usage
Diarrhea, ticks and lice, wounds
Abscesses (Surgery), castration wound
Bleeding, feed, fever, foot rot, lice, udder infection, wounds
Wounds
Ticks
Insect repellent (Housing)

Booklet
Poultry
General information
Ruminants
Swine
Ruminants
Ruminants


Azadirachta indica

Azima tetracantha

Parts used
Root or leaf

Usage

Diarrhea

Booklet
Poultry

Bamboo (Bambusa sp. and other genera)

Parts used
Leaf, shoot
Stem

Usage
Retained placenta (Pregnancy and birthing), feed (After birth)
Housing

Booklet
Ruminants
Poultry, ruminants, swine


Bamboo

Barleria lupulina
Mahua

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Snake bite

Booklet
Ruminants

Bassia latifolia
Indian butter tree

Parts used
Flower

Usage
Feed (After birth)

Booklet
Ruminants

Berberis aristata

Parts used
Leaf, stem

Usage
Eye disease

Booklet
Ruminants

Bixa orellana

Parts used
Seed

Usage
Intestinal worms

Booklet
Poultry


Bixa orellana

Blumea balsamifera

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Fever

Booklet
Swine


Blumea balsamifera

Boerhaavia diffusa

Parts used
Whole plant

Usage
Difficulty in urinating

Booklet
Ruminants

Borassus flabellifer
Palmyra tree

Parts used
Flower
Leaf, wood

Usage
Bleeding
Housing

Booklet
Ruminants
Ruminants, swine

Brassica integrifolia

Parts used
Seed

Usage
Coughs and colds

Booklet
Ruminants

Brassica nigra or juncea
Mustard

Parts used
Seed

Usage
Appetizer
Feed, ticks and lice
Sprains

Booklet
Swine
Poultry
Ruminants

Breynia patens

Parts used
Bark, leaf

Usage
Decreased milk flow

Booklet
Ruminants

Cajanus cajan
Pigeon pea

Parts used
Leaf and pod

Usage
Feed

Booklet
Ruminants and swine


Cajanus cajan

Calendula officinalis
Calendula

Parts used
Flower, leaf and petal

Usage
Warts (Surgery)

Booklet
General information

Camellia sinensis
Tea

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Bleeding, dehydration, diarrhea, poisoning
Eye disease

Booklet
Ruminants
Swine


Camellia sinensis

Cannabis sativa
Hemp

Parts used
Stalk

Usage
Housing

Booklet
Ruminants


Cannabis sativa

Capsicum annum or frutescens
Chilli

Parts used
Fruit, seed

Usage
Appetizer
Fowl pox

Booklet
Ruminants, poultry
Poultry


Capsicum annum or frutescens

Careya sphaerica

Parts used
Bark

Usage
Dehydration, wounds

Booklet
Ruminants

Carica papaya
Papaya

Parts used
Fruit
Leaf
Latex of fruit or stem
Seed
Latex of trunk, fruit and leaf

Usage
Constipation
Intestinal worms
After birth
Intestinal worms
Internal parasites
Warts (Surgery)

Booklet
Swine
Poultry
Ruminants
Poultry [Mursof, 1990]
Ruminants
General information


Carica papaya

Cassia alata
Ringworm bush

Parts used
Leaf
Stem, bark, fruit

Usage
Scabies
Fungus infection
Scabies

Booklet
Swine, ruminants
Ruminants
Swine


Cassia alata

Cassia siamea

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Appetizer

Booklet
Ruminants


Cassia siamea

Cassia tora

Parts used Leaf, seed

Usage
Fungus

Booklet
Ruminants

Centrosema spp.

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Feed

Booklet
Ruminants

Chromolaena odorata

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Wounds

Booklet
Swine

Chrysanthemum indicum
Chrysanthemum

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Scabies

Booklet
Swine


Chrysanthemum indicum


Chrysophyllum cainito
Star apple

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Diarrhea, foot rot, internal parasites, wounds
Diarrhea

Booklet
Ruminants
Swine


Chrysophyllum cainito

Cicer arietinum
Chick pea

Parts used
Seed hulls

Usage
Feed

Booklet
Ruminants


Cicer arietinum

Cinnamomum camphora
Camphor

Parts used
Wood

Usage
Coughs and colds

Booklet
Ruminants


Cinnamomum camphora

Cissampelos pareira
Velvet leaf

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Fractures (Surgery)

Booklet
General information


Citrullus lanatus
Watermelon

Parts used
Rind of fruit

Usage
Water source (Feeding)

Booklet
Swine


Citrullus lanatus

Citrus acida

Parts used
Bark

Usage
Ticks and lice

Booklet
Poultry

Citrus bergamia
Lemon

Parts used Fruit

Usage
Sprains

Booklet
Ruminants

Citrus madurensis

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Fever

Booklet
Swine

Citrus medica
Citron tree

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Leaf

Fever

Swine


Coughs and colds

Ruminants


Citrus medica

Coccinia grandis

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Eye disease

Booklet
Ruminants

Cocos nucifera
Coconut

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Husk

Lice, diarrhea Scabies, fungus

Swine Ruminants

Leaf

Housing

Ruminants, swine

Meat

Appetizers

Ruminants


Feed

Swine, poultry


Internal parasites

Swine

Oil

Castration wounds

General information


Constipation, scabies, ticks

Ruminants


Scabies, udder infection, diarrhea

Swine


Wounds

Poultry

Shell

Diarrhea

Ruminants, swine


Lice, scabies

Swine

Water

Appetizer

Ruminants, poultry


Diarrhea

Swine


Diarrhea, dehydration

Ruminants


Eye disease, poisoning

Ruminants, swine


Heat stress

Poultry

Wood

Housing

Poultry


Cocos nucifera

Colocasia esculenta
Taro

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Leaf

Feed

Ruminants

Corm

Feed

Swine


Colocasia esculenta

Couroupita guianensis
Cannon-ball tree

Parts used
Fruit

Usage
To stimulate heat

Booklet
Ruminants

Crataeva nurvala

Parts used
Whole plant

Usage
Difficulty in urinating

Booklet
Ruminants

Crotolaria juncea
Sun hemp

Parts used
Fresh leaves

Usage
Feed (After birth)

Booklet
Ruminants


Crotolaria juncea

Cuminum cyminum
Cumin

Parts used
Seed (dried)

Usage
After birth, diarrhea

Booklet
Ruminants

Curcuma longa or domestica
Turmeric

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Rhizome

Abscesses (Surgery), castration wounds

General information


Coughs and colds

Poultry, ruminants


Fungal diseases, diarrhea, intestinal worms, feed

Poultry


Ticks, constipation, udder infection, bleeding, eye disease, sprains

Ruminants


Wounds

Ruminants, swine, poultry

Whole plant

Cough and colds, sprains

Ruminants


Swine pox

Swine


Curcuma longa or domestica

Cymbopogon citratus
Lemon grass

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Leaf

Ticks, lice and mites

Poultry


Sprains

Ruminants


Cymbopogon citratus

Cynodon dactylon
Bermuda grass

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Grass stalk

Bleeding

Ruminants

Leaf

Bleeding, wounds, decreased milk flow

Ruminants

Dalbergia nigra
Rosewood

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Wood

Housing

Ruminants

Desmodium triflorum

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Leaf

Eye sidease

Ruminants

Dioscorea alata
Yam

Parts used
Tuber

Usage
Feed

Booklet
Swine


Dioscorea alata

Dioscorea esculenta
Tugui

Parts used
Tuber

Usage
Feed

Booklet
Swine


Dioscorea esculenta

Diospyros ebenum

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Ticks and lice

Booklet
Poultry

Diospyros mollis

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Fruit

Cough and colds

Swine


Internal parasites

Swine, ruminants

Dolichos uniflorus
Horsegram

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Seed

Feed

Poultry


After birth

Ruminants

Dolichos catjung
See Vigna unguiculata

Eichhornia crassipes
Water hyacinth

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Feed

Booklet
Swine

Eleusine coracana
Finger millet

Parts used
Seed

Usage
After birth

Booklet
Ruminants

Embelia ribes

Parts used
Fruit

Usage
Bloat

Booklet
Ruminants

Erythrina indica

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Cough and colds

Booklet
Ruminants

Eucalyptus globulus
Eucalyptus

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Leaf

Fever, sprains

Ruminants


Wounds

Poultry

Whole plant

Insect repellent

Ruminants



(Housing)

Eugenia caryophyllus
Clove

Parts used
Root clove and bark

Usage
Diarrhea

Booklet
Swine


Eugenia caryophyllus

Eugenia jambolana
Jambul or black plum

Parts used
Bark

Usage
Bleeding

Booklet
Ruminants

Eupatorium odoratum

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Leaf

Bleeding, wounds

Ruminants


Wounds

Swine

Whole plant

Foot rot Ruminants


Euphorbia hirta

Parts used
Latex from stem

Usage
Eye disease

Booklet
Ruminants


Euphorbia hirta

Euphorbia neriifolia
Common milk hedge

Parts used
Latex

Usage
Fractures and warts (Surgery)

Booklet
General information


Euphorbia neriifolia

Ferula assa-foetida
Asafoetida

Parts used
Resin

Usage
Bloat, after birth

Booklet
Ruminants

Ficus bengalensis
Banyan tree

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Bark

Bleeding

Ruminants

Latex

Wounds

Ruminants, poultry

Leaf

Feed

Ruminants

Ficus hauili

Parts used
Bark

Usage
Wounds

Booklet
Ruminants

Ficus minahassae

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Udder infection

Booklet
Swine

Ficus racemosa

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Sprains

Booklet
Ruminants

Foeniculum vulgare
Fennel

Parts used
Seed

Usage
Appetizer, after birth

Booklet
Ruminants

Fumaria officinalis

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Udder infection

Booklet
Ruminants

Gardenia gummifera

Parts used
Resin

Usage Bloat

Booklet
Ruminants

Gardenia jasminoides
Gardenia

Parts used
Stem

Usage
Fever

Booklet
Ruminants


Gardenia jasminoides

Gaultheria fragrantissima

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Sprains

Booklet
Ruminants

Gmelina arborea

Parts used Leaf

Usage
Coughs and colds

Booklet
Ruminants


Gmelina arborea

Gliricidia septum
Gliricidia

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Bark and root

Scabies, sprains

Swine

Leaf

Lice

Swine


Feed scabies

Ruminants. swine


Gliricidia septum

Glycine max
Soy bean

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Seed

After birth

Ruminants


Constipation, sprains

Swine


Feed

Poultry, swine, ruminants


Glycine max

Glycyrrhiza glabra
Liquorice

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Stem

Wounds

Ruminants

Whole plant

Coughs and colds

Ruminants

Gossypium sp.
Cotton

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Leaf

Retained placenta
(Breeding)

Swine

Seed

Decreased milk flow

Ruminants


Feed

Poultry, ruminants


Gossypium sp.

Helianthus annus
Sunflower

Parts used
Seed

Usage
Feed

Booklet
Poultry, ruminants


Helianthus annus

Heliotropium indicum
Indian heliotrope

Parts used
Mature leaf

Usage
Coughs and colds

Booklet [Reference] Poultry [Fernandez, 1990]


Heliotropium indicum

Hevea brasiliensis
Rubber

Parts used
Seed

Usage
Feed

Booklet
Ruminants


Hevea brasiliensis

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
Hibiscus

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Flower

Fever

Swine


Wound

Ruminants

Leaf

Sprains, wound

Ruminants


Fever

Swine


Hibiscus rosa-sinensis

Holarrhena antidysenterica

Parts used
Seed and bark

Usage
Diarrhea

Booklet
Ruminants


Holarrhena antidysenterica

Hordeum sativum
Barley

Parts used
Grain

Usage
Feed

Booklet
Poultry

Hoya ovalifolia

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Sprains

Booklet
Ruminants

Hyoscyamus niger
Black or common henbane

Parts used
Whole plant

Usage
Difficulty in urinating

Booklet
Ruminants


Hyoscyamus niger

Imperata cylindrica
Cogon grass

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Housing

Booklet
Ruminants, swine


Imperata cylindrica

Ipomea aquatica
Swamp cabbage, water spinach

Parts used
Leaf and stem

Usage
Care during pregnancy (Breeding)

Booklet
Swine


Ipomea aquatica

Ipomea batatas
Sweet potato

Parts used
Leaf
Leaf and stem
Root

Usage
Appetizer, constipation
Feed
Care during pregnancy (Breeding)
Feed

Booklet
Swine
Swine and poultry
Swine
Swine


Ipomea batatas

Jatropha curcas

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Bleeding

Booklet
Ruminants


Jatropha curcas

Jasminum sambac
Arabian jasmine

Parts used
Flower
Whole plant

Usage
Eye disease
Ticks and lice

Booklet
Ruminants
Poultry


Jasminum sambac

Lagerstroemia speciosa
Banaba

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Wounds

Booklet
Ruminants

Lansium domesticum

Parts used
Seed

Usage
Intestinal worms

Booklet
Poultry


Lansium domesticum

Launaea pinnatifida
Pathri grass

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Decreased milk flow

Booklet
Ruminants

Lawsonia inermis
Henna

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Constipation

Booklet
Ruminants

Lens esculenta
Lentil

Parts used
Husk

Usage
Decreased milk flow, feed

Booklet
Ruminants

Leucaena leucocephala

Parts used
Leaf
Seed

Usage
Feed
Internal parasites

Booklet
Ruminants, swine, poultry
Swine


Leucaena leucocephala

Leptadenia reticulata

Parts used
Bark
Leaf
Whole plant

Usage
Decreased milk flow
Decreased milk flow, feed (After birth)
Eye disease
Decreased milk flow, antiabortion, to stimulate heat

Booklet
Ruminants
Ruminants
Swine
Ruminants

Linum usitatissimum
Linseed

Parts used
Seed

Usage
Feed
Poisoning, constipation retained placenta

Booklet
Poultry
Ruminants

Litsea sabifera

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Udder infection

Booklet
Ruminants

Mangifera indica
Mango

Parts used
Bark
Peel, kernel, leaf, fruit pulp

Usage
Bleeding
Feed (After birth)

Booklet
Ruminants
Ruminants


Mangifera indica

Manihot esculenta
Cassava

Parts used
Leaf
Root

Usage
Feed (After birth)
Feed

Booklet
Ruminants
Ruminants, swine


Manihot esculenta

Marantha arudinacea
Arrowroot

Parts used
Root

Usage
Feed

Booklet
Swine

Melia azedarach
Persian lilac or common bead tree

Parts used
Leaves

Usage
Scabies

Booklet
Ruminants


Melia azedarach

Mentha arvensis
Japanese mint

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Sprains

Booklet
Ruminants


Mentha arvensis

Mentha cordifolia Opiz
Marsh mint

Parts used
Leaves

Usage
Abscesses (Surgery)

Booklet
General information


Mentha cordifolia Opiz

Mentha piperita
Pepper mint

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Abscesses (Surgery)
Sprains

Booklet
General information
Ruminants

Mimosa pudica
Sensitive plant Touch-me-not

Parts used
Bark
Leaf
Root

Usage
Sprains
Internal parasites
Sprains
Castration wounds pain (Surgery)

Booklet [Reference]
Swine
Ruminants
Swine [Tan 1981]
General information


Mimosa pudica

Mimusops elonga

Parts used
Seeds

Usage
Cough and colds

Booklet
Ruminants

Mitragyna speciosa

Parts used
Leaves

Usage
Dehydration

Booklet
Ruminants

Michelia champaca

Parts used
Bark

Usage
Wounds

Booklet
Ruminants

Momordica charantia
Bitter gourd

Parts used
Leaf
Fruit and root

Usage
Anemia
Internal parasites
Diarrhea

Booklet [Reference]
Swine [Micu and Mateo 1986]
Swine
Ruminants


Momordica charantia

Morinda citrifolia
Indian mulberry

Parts used
Fruit
Leaf

Usage
Internal parasites
Appetizer

Booklet
Ruminants
Ruminants


Morinda citrifolia

Moringa oleifera
Horseradish tree or drumstick

Parts used
Leaf
Stem bark
Seed

Usage
Anemia, feed
Wounds, cough and colds, after birth
Coughs and colds
Internal parasites

Booklet [Reference]
Swine [Micu and Mateo 1986]
Ruminants
Ruminants
Swine

Mucuna pruriens
Cow-witch

Parts used
Seed

Usage
To stimulate heat

Booklet
Ruminants

Murraya koenigii
Curry - leaf tree

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Appetizer

Booklet
Poultry

Musa sp.
Banana

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Blossom

Constipation

Ruminants

Fruit

Bleeding, foot-and- mouth disease
(Infectious diseases), udder infection

Ruminants

Latex

Castration wounds

General information

Leaf

Bedding (Breeding, care of newborn), wounds

Swine


Bloat, constipation, housing

Ruminants

Stem

Fungus

Ruminants

Trunk

Water source (Feeding)

Swine


Musa sp.

Myristica fragrans
Nutmeg

Parts used
Fruit

Usage
Diarrhea

Booklet
Poultry


Myristica fragrans

Nephelium lappaceum
Rambutan

Parts used
Leaf, bark

Usage
Fever

Booklet
Ruminants


Nephelium lappaceum

Nicotiana tabacum
Tobacco

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Ticks and lice
Ticks, wounds
Udder infection

Booklet
Poultry
Ruminants
Swine


Nicotiana tabacum

Nigella sativa
Black cummin

Parts used
Seeds

Usage
Decreased milk flow
Retained placenta
(Pregnancy and birthing)

Booklet
Ruminants
Ruminants

Nypa fructicans
Nipa

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Housing

Booklet
Ruminants, swine

Ochna serrulata

Parts used
Root

Usage
Snake bite

Booklet
Ruminants

Ocimum sanctum
Holy basil

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Leaf

Bleeding, coughs and colds, eye disease, udder infection, wounds

Ruminants


Coughs and colds, ticks and lice

Poultry


Mosquito control
(Infectious discuses)

Poultry


Mosquito control
(Housing)

Ruminants


Ocimum sanctum

Ocimum basilicum
Sweet basil

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Leaf

Bleeding, cough and colds, udder infection

Ruminants

Pulp

Bleeding

Ruminants


Ocimum basilicum

Odina wodier
Besharam

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Abscesses (Surgery)

Booklet
General information

Orthosiphon spicata

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Difficulty in urinating

Booklet
Ruminants

Oryza sativa
Rice

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Bran

Decreased milk flow
(After birth)

Ruminants


Feed

Ruminants, swine

Seed

Appetizer, decreased milk flow, dehydration, snakebite, wounds

Ruminants


Care during pregnancy

Swine


Castration wounds

General information


Coughs and colds

Poultry


Diarrhea

Poultry, swine


Feed

Poultry, ruminants

Straw

Bedding (Housing)

Ruminants, poultry


Bedding (Care of newborn)

Swine


Feed

Ruminants


Oryza sativa

Panicum isachne

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Decreased milk flow

Booklet
Ruminants

Papaver somniferum
Poppy

Parts used
Fruit gum

Usage
Diarrhea

Booklet
Swine


Papaver somniferum

Pathos secundes

Parts used
Whole plant

Usage
Sprains

Booklet
Ruminants

Pavetta indica

Parts used
Whole plant

Usage
Difficulty in urinating

Booklet
Ruminants

Pedalium maurex

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Leaf, stem, fruit

After birth

Ruminants

Bark

Retained placenta
(Pregnancy and birthing)

Ruminants

Pennisetum typhoideum
Millet

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Seed, straw

Feed

Ruminants

Seed

Feed

Poultry


After birth

Ruminants

Persea americana
Avocado

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Wounds, foot rot

Booklet
Ruminants


Persea americana

Peucadenum graveolens

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Seed

Appetizer

Swine


Bloat

Ruminants


Retained placenta
(Pregnancy and birthing)

Ruminants

Phaseolus aureus
Green gram

Parts used
Bean

Usage
Feed

Booklet
Poultry

Phaseolus calcaratus
Rice bean

Parts used
Seed

Usage
Feed

Booklet
Ruminants

Phaseolus mungo
Black gram

Parts used
Bean

Usage
Feed

Booklet
Poultry


Phaseolus mungo

Phaseolus radiatus
Mung bean

Parts used
Seed

Usage
Feed

Booklet
Ruminants, swine, poultry

Phyllanthus emblica

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Fruit

Appetizer

Ruminants

Seed

Wounds

Ruminants

Picrorrhiza kurrooa

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Root

Appetizer

Swine


Fever

Swine, ruminants

Piper betle
Betel pepper

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Leaf

Abscesses, warts
(Surgery)

General information


Eye disease

Ruminants


Housing, retained placenta (Breeding), udder infection

Swine


Piper betle

Piper nigrum
Black pepper

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Seed

After birth, coughs and colds, decreased milk flow

Ruminants


Fowl pax

Poultry


Retained placenta
(Breeding)

Swine


Piper nigrum

Plumbago zeylanica
Ceylon leadwort

Parts used
Bark

Usage
Bleeding

Booklet
Ruminants

Plumeria acuminata
Temple flower

Parts used
Leaf, bark

Usage
Internal parasites

Booklet
Swine

Pongomia glabra

Parts used
Seed

Usage
Wounds

Booklet
Ruminants

Premna odorata
Alagau

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Leaf

Ticks and lice

Poultry


Lice

Swine


Premna odorata

Psidium guajava
Guava

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Leaf

Castration wounds

General information


Retained placenta
(Pregnancy and birthing)

Ruminants


Udder infection, diarrhea

Swine, ruminants


Wounds

Swine


Psidium guajava

Pterocarpus macrocarpus

Parts used
Bark

Usage
Foot rot,
wounds

Booklet
Ruminants

Pterocarpus santalinus
Red Sanderswood

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Wood

Abscesses (Surgery)

General information

Punica granatum
Pomegranate

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Bark

Intestinal worms

Poultry

Fruit

Intestinal worms

Poultry


Eye disease

Swine

Leaf

Eye disease

Ruminants


Diarrhea

Swine

Root

Internal parasites

Ruminants

Stem

Diarrhea

Swine


Punica granatum

Quisqualis indica

Parts used
Leaf and seed

Usage
Intestinal worms

Booklet
Poultry


Quisqualis indica

Ricinus communis
Castor

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Leaf

Feed (After birth)

Ruminants

Seed (oil)

Bloat

Ruminants


Constipation

Swine and ruminants


Ricinus communis

Saccharum officinarum
Sugar cane

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Juice from stem

Decreased milk flow

Ruminants

Leaves or juice from stem

Difficulty in urinating

Ruminants

Stalk, top, molasses

Feed

Ruminants


Saccharum officinarum

Sansevieria sp.

Parts used
Root

Usage
Snake bite

Booklet
Ruminants

Santalum album
Sandalwood

Parts used
Wood

Usage
Wounds

Booklet
Swine

Sapindus rarak

Parts used
Fruit

Usage
Eye disease

Booklet
Ruminants

Saraca indica
Ashoka tree

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Bark

Bleeding

Ruminants


Retained placenta

Ruminants


(Pregnancy and birthing)


Sauropus androgynus
Katuk

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
After birth

Booklet
Ruminants

Semen nelumbinis
Lotus

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Seed

Breeding

Swine


Nutrition

Piglet

Sesamum indicum
Sesame

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Seed

Constipation

Swine


Feed

Poultry, ruminants


Vaginal bleeding
(Pregnancy and birthing)

Ruminants


Wounds

Ruminants


Sesamum indicum

Sesbania aegyptiaca

Parts used
Seed and bark

Usage
Diarrhea

Booklet
Poultry

Sesbania grandiflora
Katurai

Parts used
Bark

Usage
Dehydration, wounds

Booklet
Ruminants

Sida cordiofolia
Country mallow

Parts used
Whole plant

Usage
To stimulate heat

Booklet
Ruminants

Sorghum vulgare
Sorghum

Parts used
Seed

Usage
Feed, after birth

Booklet
Ruminants

Spondias pinnata or Spondias mangifera
Indian wild mango

Parts used

Usage

Booklet [Reference]

Leaf

Abscesses (Surgery)

General information


Coughs and colds

Poultry [Fernandez, 1990]


Tapeworm

Swine

Whole plant

Wounds

Swine


Spondias pinnata or Spondias mangifera

Stachyta jamaicensis

Parts used
Leaf

Usage
Udder infection

Booklet
Swine

Sterculia foetida
Wild almond

Parts used
Pod

Usage
Eye disease

Booklet
Swine

Swertia chirata

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Whole plant

Appetizer, fever

Swine


Fever

Ruminants

Symphytum officinale
Comfrey

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Leaf

Castration wounds

General information


Fractures (Surgery)

General information


Sprains

Ruminants


Symphytum officinale

Tamarindus indica
Tamarind

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Bark

Internal parasites

Swine

Fruit

Appetizer, bloat, fever, internal parasites

Ruminants


Constipation

Ruminants, swine


Cough and colds

Swine

Leaves

Fever, cough and colds

Ruminants


Fractures (Surgery)

General information


Internal parasites

Swine


Tamarindus indica

Tectona grandis Teak

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Leaf, bark

Poisoning

Ruminants

Wood

Housing

Ruminants

Terminalia arjuna

Parts used
Bark

Usage
Bleeding

Booklet
Ruminants

Terminalia belerica

Parts used
Seed

Usage
Wounds

Booklet
Ruminants

Terminalia chebula

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Fruit

Appetizer, bloat

Ruminants

Seed

Wounds

Ruminants


Terminalia chebula

Thunbergia laurifolia

Parts used
Root

Usage
Poisoning

Booklet
Ruminants

Tinospora spp.

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Whole plant

Scabies

Swine

Vine

Appetizer, internal parasites

Ruminants


Diarrhea

Poultry

Trachyspermum ami
Bishop's weed

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Seed

Appetizer

Swine


Diarrhea, bloat, appetizer

Ruminants


Retained placenta
(Pregnancy and birthing), after birth

Ruminants

Tribulus terrestis

Parts used
Whole plant

Usage
Difficulty in urinating

Booklet
Ruminants

Trigonella foenum-graecum
Fenugreek

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Leat

Foot-and-mouth disease (Infectious diseases)

Ruminants

Seed

Appetizer

Swine


Coughs and colds, coryza

Poultry


Diarrhea

Ruminants, poultry


Retained placenta(Pregnancy and birthing), after birth

Ruminants

Triticum aestivum
Wheat

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Bran

Feed

Ruminants

Seed

Decreased milk flow
(After birth)

Ruminants


Diarrhea

Poultry


Feed

Ruminants, poultry

Straw

Bedding (Housing)

Ruminants

Veronica anthelmintica

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Seed, leaf, whole plant

Appetizer

Swine

Seed

Diarrhea

Ruminants

Vigna sinensis or unguiculata
Cowpea

Parts used
Seed

Usage
Feed

Booklet
Ruminants, poultry


Vigna sinensis or unguiculata


Vitex negundo
Five-leaved chastetree

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Leaf

Sprains, fever

Ruminants


Wounds, ticks and lice

Poultry


Vitex negundo

Withania somnifera
Winter cherry

Parts used
Root

Usage
Decreased milk flow

Booklet
Ruminants

Xylia kerii

Parts used
Bark

Usage
Dehydration, wounds

Booklet
Ruminants

Zea mays
Maize

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Grain

Feed

Swine, poultry

Straw, seed

feed

Ruminants


Zea mays

Zingiber cassumunar
Common ginger

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Rhizome

Diarrhea

Swine


Internal parasites

Ruminants

Zingiber officinale
Ginger

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Rhizome

Appetizer, coughs and colds

Poultry, ruminants


Appetizer, eye disease, retained placenta
(Breeding)

Swine


Bloat, diarrhea, retained placenta
(Pregnancy and birthing), sprains

Ruminants


Zingiber officinale

Zingiber zerumbet

Parts used

Usage

Booklet

Rhizome

Coughs and colds

Ruminants

Rhizome

Diarrhea

Swine