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close this bookIndigenous Technology Knowledge for Watershed Management in upper North-West Himalayas of India (PWMTA, 1998)
close this folderChapter 9 - Tools and implements
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentTillage implements
View the documentInterculture operation tools
View the documentHarvesting tools:
View the documentPostharvest tools and implements
View the documentMiscellaneous tools

Postharvest tools and implements

1. Wooden Pin: Is used to remove the outer covering of maize cobs and is fashioned out of a bamboo stick.

2. Wooden Pole: These are used to detach grains from the maize cobs and grains from other crops through a beating action.

3. Suhaga: This is used to thresh both wheat and paddy crops according to traditional practice through the rubbing action of the suhaga with the tillers of crops.

4. Bamboo basket (Kilta): This is used for carrying FYM and farm produce (Fig. 9.10).


Fig. 9.10 Big bamboo basket (Kilta)

5. Tokri (Fig. 9.11). A small bamboo basket.


Fig. 9.11 A small bamboo basket (Tokri)

6. Hand mill: This is used to grind flour and pulses (Fig. 9.12).


Fig. 9.12 Indigenous hand mill

7. Winnower: This separates the grain from the husk (Fig. 9.13)


Fig. 9.13 Winnower (Shoop)

8. Sieve: This is used for the separation of different types of grains for elimination of alien material (Fig. 9.14).


Fig. 9.14 Sieve (Chanani)

9. Sack: It is used to store the farm produce. 12. Pine needle collecting tool (Fig. 9.18. The traditional sack is made from the skin of sheep and goat (Fig. 9.15).


Fig. 9.15 Sack made of goat skin

10. Shearer: This is used for shearing wool (Fig. 9.16).

11. Skinner: This is used for taking off the skin of slaughtered goat/sheep (Fig. 9.17).


Fig 916 Sshearer (Balwan)


Fig 9 17 Sheep/goat skinner (Kataru)

12. Pine needle collecting tool (Fig. 9.18)


Fig. 9.18 Tool for collecting pine needles (Kadera)