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close this bookLife Industry: Biodiversity, People and Profits (WWF, 1996)
close this folderAppendices
View the documentAbout the authors
View the documentAcronyms
View the documentGlossary
View the documentOrganizations

Acronyms

BGH

Bovine Growth Hormone

BST

Bovine Somatotropin

CDR

Complex, Diverse and Risk-prone (farming systems)

CGIAR

Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (US)

CIMMYT

Centro Internacional pare Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo (Mexico, CGIAR)

CIR

community intellectual rights

DNA

deoxyribonucleic acid

EP

European Parliament

EPO

European Patent Office

EU

European Union

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

FDA

Food and Drug Administration (US)

GATT

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

GEF

Global Environment Facility

GIFTS

Germplasm, Information, Funds, Technologies and Systems

GMO

genetically manipulated organism

GRAIN

Genetic Resources Action International

GNP

gross national product

HFC

Healing Forest Conservancy

HGDP

Human Genome Diversity Project

HGP

Human Genome Project (US)

HGH

human growth hormone

HTLV

human T-lymphotropic virus

HUGO

Human Genome Organization (Europe)

IARC

International Agricultural Research Centre

ICRISAT

International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (India, CGIAR)

INBio

Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (Costa Rica)

IP

intellectual property

IPRs

intellectual property rights

IRRI

International Rice Research Institute (Philippines, CGIAR)

MASIPAG

Magsasaka at Syentipiko pare sa Pagpapa untad ng Agham Pang-Agnkultura (Farmer-Scientist Partnership for Development)

MEP

Member of the European Parliament

NAFTA

North American Free Trade Agreement

NCI

National Cancer Institute

NGO

non-governmental organization

NIH

National Institutes of Health (US)

OECD

Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development

PBR

Plant Breeders' Rights

PCR

polymerase chain reaction

PRA

participatory rural appraisal

RAFI

Rural Advancement Fund International

R&D

research and development

TRIPS

Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (negotiating group of GATT)

UN

United Nations

UNCED

United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (or 'Earth Summit')

UNDP

United Nations Development Programme (New York)

UNEP

United Nations Environment Programme (Nairobi)

UNESCO

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (Paris)

UPOV

International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (Geneva)

USDA

United States Department of Agriculture

WHO

World Health Organization

WIPO

World Intellectual Property Organization

WWF

World Wide Fund for Nature